Status of Chinese People

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    1. A China More Just, Gao Zhisheng
    2.Officially Sanctioned Crime in China, He Qinglian
    Will the Boat Sink the Water? Chen Guidi, Wu Chuntao
    Losing the New China, Ethan Gutmann
    Nine Commentaries on The Communist Party, the Epochtimes
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    Reporters Without Borders said in it’s 2005 special report titled “Xinhua: the world’s biggest propaganda agency”, that “Xinhua remains the voice of the sole party”, “particularly during the SARS epidemic, Xinhua has for last few months been putting out news reports embarrassing to the government, but they are designed to fool the international community, since they are not published in Chinese.”
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Archive for the ‘military’ Category

Ex-Space Shuttle Engineer Sentenced 15 Years for China Spying

Posted by Author on February 8, 2010

By Cary O’Reilly, The Bloomberg, Via The Business Week, Feb. 8, 2010-

Feb. 8 (Bloomberg) — A former Rockwell International and Boeing Co. aerospace engineer who worked on the Space Shuttle program was sentenced to more than 15 years in prison for economic espionage and acting as an agent for China.

Dongfan “Greg” Chung, employed by Rockwell and then Boeing from 1973 until 2006, was sentenced today by District Judge Cormac Carney in Los Angeles, the Justice Department said in a statement.

Chung, 73, was found guilty of conspiracy, six counts of economic espionage, one count of acting as a Chinese agent of and one count of making false statements after a three-week bench trial last year. Chung, a naturalized U.S. citizen and a native of China, held a “secret” security clearance when he worked at Rockwell and Boeing on the Space Shuttle program.

At the sentencing hearing, Carney said that he could not “put a price tag” on national security, and that the long sentence for Chung was intended to send a signal to China to “stop sending your spies here.”

During the trial, the government showed that Chung stole Boeing trade secrets relating to the Space Shuttle and the Delta IV rocket, materials he acquired for the benefit of the People’s Republic of China, according to court documents.

The case against Chung resulted from an investigation into Chi Mak, another engineer who worked in the U.S. and obtained sensitive military information for China. Carney sentenced Chi Mak to more than 24 years in prison in 2008.

‘Tasking’ Letter

Chinese aviation industry representatives began sending Chung “tasking” letters as early as 1979, court records show. Over the years, Chung was directed to collect information including data on the Space Shuttle and military aircraft.

Chung responded in one undated letter that “I would like to make an effort to contribute to the Four Modernizations of China,” court records show. He provided his Chinese handlers with referenced engineering manuals he had collected, including 24 relating to the B-1 Bomber, according to prosecutors.

Between 1985 and 2003, Chung made multiple trips to China to deliver lectures on the Space Shuttle and other technology programs. While there he met with Chinese government officials, including agents affiliated with the People’s Liberation Army, court records show. Chung and the officials exchanged letters that recommended methods for passing information, including suggestions that Chung use Chi Mak and his wife Rebecca……. (more details from The Business Week)

Posted in China, Law, military, News, People, Politics, spy, Technology, USA, World | Comments Off on Ex-Space Shuttle Engineer Sentenced 15 Years for China Spying

Ex-Pentagon official sentenced to 3 years in China spy case

Posted by Author on January 22, 2010

AFP, Jan 22, 2010-

WASHINGTON — The United States Friday sentenced a former Pentagon official who had a “top secret” security clearance to three years in prison on charges of spying for China, the Justice Department said.

The 36-month sentence for retired air force lieutenant colonel James Wilbur Fondren will be followed by two years of supervised release, the department said.

According to prosecutors, Fondren, 62, provided “certain classified Defence Department documents and other information” to a naturalized US citizen from Taiwan, Tai Shen Kuo, from around November 2004 to February 2008.

“Fondren was aware that Kuo had maintained a close relationship with an official of the People’s Republic of China (PRC),” officials said.

Upon investigation, Fondren was found to have “provided classified information through Kuo, under the guise of consulting services.”

He was introduced by Kuo to the official during a trip the two took to the PRC in March 1999, the department said.

Fondren, 62, who had been a deputy director of the US Pacific Command’s Washington Liaison Office, was arrested in mid-May and charged with conspiracy to pass classified information to an agent of China……. (more details from AFP)

Posted in China, military, News, Official, People, Politics, spy, Technology, USA, World | Comments Off on Ex-Pentagon official sentenced to 3 years in China spy case

Did missile test spark China UFO reports?

Posted by Author on January 15, 2010

By James Oberg, NBC News space analyst, Special to MSNBC, Jan. 15, 2010-

In an ironic encore, yet another secret military missile test has sparked widespread UFO reports from surprised ground witnesses.

On Dec. 9, a Russian Bulava missile was launched from a submarine within sight of northern Norway, resulting in a spectacular spiral display and a spate of UFO sightings.

This week’s UFO reports apparently were sparked by a Chinese missile that was fired to intercept another missile in flight, for the first time in the nation’s history.

Witnesses in China’s inland provinces of Xinjiang and Gansu weren’t as well equipped with cameras as last month’s Norwegian witnesses were, so the only images reaching the West merely show fuzzy-colored clouds and streaks. The military secrecy surrounding China’s missile test is so tight that Beijing officials seem to be at a loss as to how to respond to the reports……. (more details from MSNBC)

Posted in China, military, News, NW China, Technology, World, Xinjiang | Comments Off on Did missile test spark China UFO reports?

China Tests Missile Interception Technology

Posted by Author on January 11, 2010

VOA News, Jan. 11, 2010 –

China says it has successfully tested military technology designed to intercept a missile in mid-air.

China made the announcement Tuesday, saying the test was defensive in nature and not aimed at any country. State media said the test “achieved the expected objective,” but did not elaborate.

The announcement follows Washington’s decision last week to clear the sale of advanced U.S. Patriot air defense missiles to Taiwan as part of a larger $6.5 billion arms deal.

The official Xinhua news agency Monday called the sale “detrimental to Sino-U.S. relations,” reiterating statements of protest made in Beijing last week.

China had asked the United States to call off the deal, saying it would damage U.S.-Chinese cooperation.

Taiwan and China split during a civil war in 1949, but Beijing still considers the island a part of its territory.  It has threatened to use military force if Taiwan attempts to claim formal independence.

– VOA News

Posted in Asia, China, military, News, Politics, Taiwan, USA, World | Comments Off on China Tests Missile Interception Technology

China regime joins in to repress the Iranian people

Posted by Author on January 2, 2010 –

Finally, with the arrival of the first shipment of armoured vehicles, China has officially joined in to repress the Iranian people, most likely to prevent the downfall of the “Supreme Leadership” and its own illegitimate interests in the region. The vehicles are built by military complex of Dalian DES-516B. Here is the description of the manufacturer:
Dalian Eagle-Sky Co.

Tel: +86-411-8681-3362
Fax: +86-411-8681-3763

The armoured anti-riot vehicles have a capacity of 10,000 liters to shoot cold and hot water, and three 100 liter tanks to shoot burning chemical liquids. The water is mixed with paint or tear gas that cannot be washed away. Each vehicle has two guns for shooting liquid up to a distance of 70 meters- it is controlled from inside the cabin. The price tag for each unit is 650,000 dollars. Also, a lot of extra burning liquid, paint, and tear gas was purchased.

It took four months for the delivery of the armoured vehicles, and since the Iranian regime was in a hurry, they had them delivered from China’s army organization- this is rare! China’s government was in as much of a hurry to get these to Iran……. (more details from

Posted in Asia, Business, China, Dalian, Liaoning, military, NE China, News, Politics, World | Comments Off on China regime joins in to repress the Iranian people

New credence for China’s facilitating illegal North Korean arms exports

Posted by Author on December 16, 2009

By Nicholas Kralev, The Washington Times, USA, Dec. 16, 2009-

Suspicions that China is facilitating illegal North Korean arms exports have gained new credence as authorities investigate a plane carrying weapons from Pyongyang that was detained during a refueling stop in Thailand.

The Russian-made Ilyushin-76, with a crew of four Kazakhs and one man carrying a passport from Belarus, was impounded Friday carrying 35 tons of weapons, reportedly including unassembled Taepodong-2 missile parts. The destination of the plane was not confirmed, but specialists said Iran was likely.

Larry A. Niksch, a specialist in Asian affairs at the Congressional Research Service who monitors North Korea’s proliferation activities, said the Bangkok seizure raises serious questions about China’s role.

“Two-thirds of the flight path of that plane was over Chinese territory,” he said. “It should have raised Chinese suspicions.”

The Obama administration brought up concerns about North Korean use of Chinese airspace for arms exports this summer – shortly after the adoption of a U.N. Security Council resolution banning such transfers – but has yet to receive a meaningful response, U.S. officials said.

“North Korean proliferation by air is an important matter for us, and [Philip] Goldberg brought it up during his meetings in July,” said one official, referring to an Asia trip by the State Department envoy for the implementation of Resolution 1874. The official spoke on the condition of anonymity because he was discussing private diplomatic communications.

The resolution, which China supported, lists detailed procedures on how to deal with suspicious vessels and illegal cargo on the high seas, but it is somewhat vague when it comes to air cargo.

In most cases, regardless of the destination of a flight originating in North Korea, it would have to refuel in China or at least fly over its territory, Mr. Niksch said.

China’s state-run Xinhua News Agency quoted officials in Beijing in July as saying that inspections of air cargo should be carried out only if there is specific evidence of wrongdoing.

“China has been faithfully implementing relevant U.N. resolutions,” Wang Baodong, a spokesman for the Chinese Embassy in Washington, said Wednesday. “As to whether the North Korean plane violated U.N. resolutions, it’s up to the U.N. Security Council to make a judgment.”

The Washington Times

Posted in Asia, China, military, News, Politics, World | Comments Off on New credence for China’s facilitating illegal North Korean arms exports

Law Professor’s New Book Says China Plans to Take Over Taiwan by 2012

Posted by Author on December 2, 2009

NTD TV, Dec. 2, 2009-

An exiled Chinese law professor has written a book called “Taiwan Disaster.” In it, he says the Chinese Communist Party is planning to make Taiwan part of the People’s Republic of China by 2012. He spoke at a press conference last week in Taipei.

[Yuan Hongbing, Exiled Law Professor]:
“The truth is, the tyrant Chinese Communist Party is planning to, by 2012, comprehensively—through political, economic, cultural and social fronts—infiltrate Taiwan, to control Taiwan’s democratic system, and to further eradicate Taiwan’s democratic system.”

Yuan says much of his book is based on classified information. His book cites a 2008 document issued by the Central Government. It says that reunification “should be achieved by comprehensive unification efforts in political, economic, cultural and social areas. [The reunification] will completely smash the conspiracy of domestic and foreign enemies to overthrow socialist China through the utilization of Taiwan’s so-called democratic experiences.”

Another document Yuan obtained was the transcript of a June 2008 speech by Chinese Prime Minister Wen Jiabao. It was given at a highly secretive meeting of the Politburo of the Communist Party’s Central Committee.

According to Yuan, that meeting was primarily focused on plotting the strategy behind the Taiwan unification plan. The book says Wen Jiabao stated at the meeting that, “Economic integration is by nature, economic unification. Taiwan benefits from it economically, and we [the CCP] fulfill our political goal by doing it.”

And economic unification is just one of the strategies revealed in the new book.

Yuan says the communist regime also plans to:
• Make Taiwan economically dependent on the Mainland by occupying a large portion of Taiwan’s export and tourism markets;
• Erode Taiwan’s political platforms by corrupting the leaders of the ruling Kuomintang Party; and
• Marginalize the pro-democracy Democratic Progressive Party.

[Yuan Hongbing, Exiled Law Professor]:
“What is [the CCP] hoping to get in return for these economic concessions? They want Taiwan’s freedom in exchange. They want to deprive Taiwan’s freedom. This is the truth of the problem.”


Posted in Asia, books, China, military, News, Politics, Social, Taiwan, World | 3 Comments »

China: All communications with Xinjiang cut for past six days

Posted by Author on July 11, 2009

Reporters Without Borders, 10 July 2009 –

Several Uyghur students currently in Paris told Reporters Without Borders today they have been unable to contact their relatives in Xinjiang since 5 July, either through the Internet or by telephone.

At the same time, the China Digital Times website had published a list of 118 keyword combinations such as “Xinjiang blood”, “Han and Uyghur cannot live under the same sky”, “Uyghur and Han, demonstration” and “conflict, Han and Uyghur” that produce no result in search engines because they have been blocked by the Chinese authorities. See….

For more information on the censorship of independent news and information about Xinjiang, see the Reporters Without Borders press release of 7 July……. (more details from Reporters Without Borders)

Posted in China, Freedom of Information, Human Rights, Internet, military, News, NW China, Politics, Social, Technology, website, World, Xinjiang | Comments Off on China: All communications with Xinjiang cut for past six days

China: 100 Million Ex-Servicemen Called to Protest at Tiananmen Square on ‘sensitive days’

Posted by Author on June 26, 2009

Epoch Times Staff , Jun 26, 2009  –

Ex-servicemen and their families—numbering 100 million—have been asked to expose the widespread phenomenon of corruption in both the government and the military in China.

A recent posting at Tiexue Forum (a Chinese military affairs Web site) revealed that 200 veterans from the Fourth Headquarters of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) were called upon to launch a protest at Mao Zedong Memorial Hall on Tiananmen Square.

The posting indicated that there are 60 million veterans including their families and 40 million retired military staff including their families in China. The vast majority of these 100 million people are living in poverty. A few million of them are better off, but are also oppressed.

Military veterans encounter discrimination

One of the veterans from the Fourth Headquarters of the PLA was quoted as saying that it is the ones who retired early who became the most vulnerable. Their benefits are inferior to the Armed Police lieutenants. In general, they have encountered discrimination in housing and property rights. They are provided with low quality housing in remote areas where the medical services are poor.

“The 200 of us have risked our lives while serving the People’s Republic. We have now become the victims of stringent control under the bureaucratic bourgeoisie scum of the Central Military Commission, and we live in hardship. Most of those who left the army were laid-off. Worst of all, tens of millions of soldiers and militia who returned to the rural areas are struggling in the most devastating situations and are facing extreme hardships.”

The posting also criticizes the wide spread of brothels in China. “Many villages where these veterans live have become places of prostitution. Younger generations are either forced to become prostitutes or are exploited by the slave factories. Many of them even engage in the gangsters’ activities.”

Active duty soldiers don’t share equal opportunities. The PLA officially withdrew from public business activities and conducted prostitution secretly with the military budget. Innocent female soldiers are exploited as stationed prostitutes. The Armed Police forces openly engage in night club activities and smuggle drugs.

Veterans are urged to protest on ‘sensitive days’

For the proposed protest, all participants were invited to go to Tiananmen Square to attend Mao’s memorial service in uniform with their military medals, white flowers, and black armbands. “During the long wait, it’s a perfect time to tell the public of the corruption. All comrades are invited to Beijing. We should do it every day.”

It was also proposed that everyone particularly make an effort to go to Tiananmen Square on  “sensitive days,” such as  July 1, the birthday of the CCP; August 1, PLA Day; and September 9, Mao Zedong Memorial Day.

Among the hundreds of thousands of protests which took place all over China in 2009, this was the first time that ex-servicemen and their families were called to Tiananmen Square. In particular, it draws attention to the upcoming sensitive days for the CCP.

The Epochtimes

Posted in China, military, News, People, Social, Soldier, World | Comments Off on China: 100 Million Ex-Servicemen Called to Protest at Tiananmen Square on ‘sensitive days’

China’s regime hasn’t changed

Posted by Author on June 4, 2009

Calgary Herald, Canada, June 4, 2009-

Today marks the 20th anniversary of the culmination of the Chinese government’s savage crackdown on the pro-democracy protesters in Tiananmen Square and while, on the surface, China appears to be almost an entirely different country, the ugly methods by which the country’s oppressive government retains power remain the same.

Once an isolated and murderous Communist enclave which kept its shutters tightly bolted, China has become the world’s workshop, an exemplar of freewheeling capitalism with seemingly endless supplies of cheap labour harnessed to fuel global demand for consumer goods. China is now an economic heavyweight with leaders who receive deferential hearings at the most prestigious summits.Last sum-mer, China even garnered the ultimate laurel of international respectability when it played host to the 2008 Olympics. This is quite a sea change for a nation which, only two decades past, was slaughtering its own citizens for the crime of demanding a voice in their own governance.

On closer inspection, however, the changes at the political level are only skin deep. The Communist Party still reigns supreme and brooks no opposition. Human rights abuses against dissidents and vulnerable members of society such as prisoners, the Falun Gong, Christians and the poor are still widespread and often unchecked. Reports of naysayers being silenced via the harvesting of their vital organs still surface.

The party often claims that it is clamping down in the name of stability and social harmony, but more and more this looks like naked aggression designed to nip potential challengers in the bud. Protesters of all stripes, not just democracy activists, are still routinely detained. For instance, nearly 20,000 schoolchildren died in last year’s earthquake in the province of Sichuan, victims of shoddy school construction and China’s culture of endemic corruption and low accountability. Bereaved parents trying to raise awareness of the issue and secure punishment for those responsible have been threatened, detained and silenced by a government anxious to cover its tracks and avoid any sign that it is susceptible to popular opinion.

When foreigners protest, China’s stock response is to claim that the complaints constituteunwarrantedinterference in its sovereign affairs. Sadly, many countries and businesses seem willing to go along with this out of self-interest.

Were the Tiananmen Square protests to happen today, there is little doubt that the party’s response would be the same –a massive crackdown and killing of those involved. The only difference would be the world’s reaction.There would be token condemnations but little or nothing in the way of sanctions. China is such a vital cog in the economy that few outside parties would turn their backs on the regime or do more than wish for the whole mess to go away.

The legacy of the Tiananmen protests is one of failure because China has changed the world more than the world has changed China.

The Calgary Herald

Posted in Beijing, China, Commentary, Communist Party, Human Rights, Incident, June 4, Killing, military, News, Politics, Social, Special day, World | Comments Off on China’s regime hasn’t changed

Boeing engineer provided shuttle secrets to China, prosecution says

Posted by Author on June 2, 2009

By RACHANEE SRISAVASDI, The Orange County Register, USA, Tuesday, June 2, 2009 –

– A former Boeing engineer betrayed the United States by providing confidential information about the Space Shuttle program to the People’s Republic of China, a federal prosecutor said in opening statements Tuesday.

“Information, security and betrayal,” Assistant U.S. Attorney Greg Staples said in the trial of Dongfan “Greg” Chung. “These are the three pillars of the government’s case.”

The defense attorney for Chung,  a 73-year-old grandfather who resides in Orange � countered that his client refused Chinese officials’ overtures to reveal classified information on military and space technology secrets.

“So much of this evidence is (about) what my client didn’t do,” Thomas Bienert Jr. said. “It makes him a non-spy. People were trying to get him to give him things.”

Chung was arrested in February 2008, after an unsealed indictment accused Chung of giving secrets to China since the late 1970s. He is charged with 10 counts, including six of economic espionage, as well as acting as an agent for the People’s Republic of China.

The case comes two years after the conviction of another former Orange County engineer, Chi Mak, on charges of exporting sensitive defense technology to China.

Mak, who was sentenced to 24 years in prison, knew Chung.

In fact, federal agents interviewed Chung during the Mak investigation. During a September 2006 interview, Chung said he met Mak around 1980 at a meeting in Los Angeles organized by a Chinese organization, FBI Agent Kevin Moberly said during his testimony Tuesday.

“He told me he suspected Chi Mak was providing sensitive information to China,” said Moberly, the trial’s second witness.

Agents also found information in Mak’s home about Chung, prosecutors said.

During a search of Mak’s home in June 2006, a letter was found from a senior aviation official in China. That missive, dated May 2, 1987, was addressed to Chung and asked him to provide information on airplanes and the space shuttle, according to prosecutors.

Chung, who has been out on bond since his arrest, listened intently to the first day of testimony. His wife sat in the courtroom gallery’s back row and took notes. The couple’s two sons did not attend the proceedings.

Chung, a naturalized U.S. citizen, was born in China in 1936 and moved to Taiwan in 1948, according to the government’s trial brief. He came to the United States in 1962, and got a master’s degree at the University of Minnesota, and was later hired by Boeing, prosecutors said………

The Orange County Register

Posted in China, Law, military, News, Overseas Chinese, People, Politics, Technology, USA, World | 1 Comment »

Calls for parliamentary democracy in China

Posted by Author on May 23, 2009

Mark Colvin, ABC News, Austrilia, 22 May , 2009-

MARK COLVIN: Exactly 20 years ago, Beijing’s central space, Tien An Men Square was still full of protesting students.

On the 19th May, the Communist Party General Secretary Zhao Ziyang had come to the square to plead with them to end their hunger strike.

The next day, military law was declared. On June the 4th the troops went in and what the West remembers as the Tien An Men massacre began.

By then, Zhao Ziyang, the only member of the ruling elite to talk to the students face to face, was under house arrest and had become a non-person.

This is how he remembers what the Chinese authorities prefer to call the June the 4th incident.

ZHAO ZIYANG (translated): On the night of June the 3rd while sitting in the courtyard with my family I heard intense gunfire. A tragedy to shock the world had not been averted and was happening after all.

I prepared the above-written material three years after the June the fourth tragedy. Many years have now passed since this tragedy. Of the activists involved in this incident, except for the few who escaped abroad, most were arrested, sentenced and repeatedly interrogated.

MARK COLVIN: The world was never meant to hear Zhao Ziyang’s voice again. But now, four years after his death comes the publication of his memoirs.

They were compiled from 30 cassette tapes, smuggled out of the country and now published as ‘Prisoner of the State: The Secret Journal of Zhao Ziyang’.

Its publisher and co-translator is Bao Pu, son of a senior aide to Zhao.

He told me on the line from Hong Kong that Zhao Ziyang knew when he spoke to the students in the Square that his career was already over.

BAO PU: When he came out to talk to them he was already disposed from his position and knowing that after trying to prevent the final showdown of violence; and he actually failed to prevent that happening and that was you know his final moment appearing in public.

MARK COLVIN: And the reason why that was his final moment was because he had made the mistake of actually leaving the country in a crisis and that left his enemies in charge.

BAO PU: In this particular memoir he mentions many of his regrets and mistakes. Leaving the country at that moment is not one of them. At the moment that he left there was no reason for him, no obvious reason that he shouldn’t.

: But if he’d stayed, wouldn’t he have been able to keep the ear of Dung Xiaoping? Wouldn’t he have been able to have controlled things better?

BAO PU: Yes it’s possible but you have to say that it’s only speculation – maybe better – and we can’t be sure because history cannot be undone and repeat itself.

MARK COLVIN: So what were the forces ranged against him?

BAO PU: Tien An Men incidents to the Chinese leaders were merely a continuation of their struggle, their debate over economic reform. The new insight on this Tien An Men incident is that as soon as the student protest began, the Chinese leaders were already lined up on two sides.

On one side the favour harsh treatment, on the other are against the harsher treatment.

MARK COLVIN: In the background of all this was the fact that Zhao Ziyang didn’t just want economic reform he wanted political reform. Let’s just have a listen to what he says in the memoir about that.

(translated): Of course it is possible that in the future a more advanced political system than the parliamentary democracy will emerge, but that is a matter for the future. At present, there is no other.

Based on this we can say that if a country wishes to modernise, not only should it implement a market economy, it must also adopt a parliamentary democracy as its political system……. (More  details from ABC News)

Posted in Beijing, books, China, Communist Party, history, June 4, military, News, People, politician, Politics, Social, Special day, World | Comments Off on Calls for parliamentary democracy in China

Australia Urges China to Stop Supporting Fiji’s Military Government

Posted by Author on April 25, 2009

By Phil Mercer, Sydney, Australia, 24 April 2009 –

Australia has been pressing China to reduce its support for the military government in Fiji. Canberra has been leading international calls for a boycott of the government of armed forces chief, Commodore Frank Bainimarama. But the Chinese have quietly increased aid to the troubled South Pacific country.

The concern among many in Australia is that China’s apparent effort to use money as a persuasive diplomatic tool in the South Pacific undermines international efforts to isolated Fiji’s military government.

Since Commodore Frank Bainimarama’s troops seized power in 2006, Beijing’s aid pledges to Fiji have increased seven-fold, to $160 million.

Buying influence?

China has been keen to spend big in the region to win a diplomatic battle with Taiwan for the support and recognition of island nations.

Fiji’s military has sought to cash in on this political competition, according to Fergus Hanson, a research fellow at Australia’s Lowy Institute for International Policy.

“As the international community came down on Fiji following the coup and increasingly isolated the regime, I would imagine that the coup leaders would have been casting around for funds and playing off China and Taiwan against each other would have been an obvious trick to play,” Hanson said. “So, that was initially, I think, a key driver. Now we have had a bit of reconciliation between China and Taiwan, I think things might be starting to change.”

Regional condemnation of Beijing’s support

Australian and New Zealand officials have raised their concerns with China about its support for Fiji.

Canberra and Wellington believe a concerted international approach to the dismantling of democracy there is the best way to convince Commodore Bainimarama to relinquish power.

Fiji faces suspension from both the Commonwealth of former British colonies, and the Pacific Islands Forum, the region’s key political and trade bloc. That prospect does not seem to worry Fiji’s military.

Arrogant dictator?

The most recent unrest, which saw Fiji’s president scrap the constitution after judges ruled the army’s power grab illegal, has seen the army’s position strengthened, with senior officers insisting that fresh elections could well be more than five years away.

The army seized control in Fiji almost two-and-a-half years ago, accusing the elected government of Laisenia Qarase of corruption and of pursuing racist policies against the country’s ethnic Indian minority.

Commodore Bainimarama said Fiji’s political system would have to be cleansed before democracy could be revived.

His critics accuse him of being an arrogant dictator, who was leading his country of 800,000 people towards economic collapse and international isolation.

VOA News

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Up to 190,000 may have died as a result of China’s weapons tests

Posted by Author on April 20, 2009

Michael Sheridan, Times Online, April 19, 2009 –

The nuclear test grounds in the wastes of the Gobi desert have fallen silent but veterans of those lonely places are speaking out for the first time about the terrible price exacted by China’s zealous pursuit of the atomic bomb.

They talk of picking up radioactive debris with their bare hands, of sluicing down bombers that had flown through mushroom clouds, of soldiers dying before their time of strange and rare diseases, and children born with mysterious cancers.

These were the men and women of Unit 8023, a special detachment charged with conducting atomic tests at Lop Nur in Xinjiang province, a place of utter desolation and – until now – complete secrecy.

“I was a member of Unit 8023 for 23 years,” said one old soldier in an interview. “My job was to go into the blast zone to retrieve test objects and monitoring equipment after the explosion.

“When my daughter was born she was diagnosed with a huge tumour on her spinal cord. The doctors blame nuclear fallout. She’s had two major operations and has lived a life of indescribable hardship. And all we get from the government is 130 yuan [£13] a month.”

Hardship and risk counted for little when China was determined to join the nuclear club at any cost.

Soldiers galloped on horseback towards mushroom clouds, with only gas masks for protection.

Scientists jumped for joy, waving their little red books of Maoist thought, while atomic debris boiled in the sky.

Engineers even replicated a full-scale Beijing subway station beneath the sands of the Gobi to test who might survive a Sino-Soviet armageddon.

New research suggests the Chinese nuclear tests from 1964 to 1996 claimed more lives than those of any other nation. Professor Jun Takada, a Japanese physicist, has calculated that up to 1.48m people were exposed to fallout and 190,000 of them may have died from diseases linked to radiation.

“Nuclear sands” – a mixture of dust and fission products – were blown by prevailing winds from Lop Nur towards towns and villages along the ancient Silk Road from China to the West.

The victims included Chinese, Uighur Muslims and Tibetans, who lived in these remote regions. Takada found deformed children as far away as Kazakhstan. No independent scientific study has ever been published inside China.

It is the voices of the Chinese veterans, however, that will reso-nate loudest in a nation proud of its nuclear status but ill informed about the costs. One group has boldly published letters to the state council and the central military commission – the two highest government and military bodies – demanding compensation.

“Most of us are between 50 and 70 and in bad health,” they said. “We did the most hazardous job of all, retrieving debris from the missile tests.

“We were only 10 kilometres [six miles] from the blast. We entered the zone many times with no protective suits, only goggles and gas masks. Afterwards, we just washed ourselves down with plain water.”

A woman veteran of Unit 8023 described in an interview how her hair had fallen out. She had lost weight, suffered chronic insomnia and had episodes of confusion.

“Between 1993 and 1996 the government speeded up the test programme, so I assisted at 10 underground explosions,” she said. “We had to go into the test zone to check highly radioactive instruments. Now I’m too sick to work – will the government help me?”

The price was paid by more than one generation. “My father was in Unit 8023 from 1967 to 1979, when his job was to wash down aircraft that had flown through the mushroom clouds,” said a 37-year-old man.

“I’ve been disabled by chronic immune system diseases all my life and my brother’s daughter was born with a heart defect,” he said. “Our family has spent thousands of yuan on operations over the decades. Two and three generations of our family have such illnesses – was it the nuclear tests? Does our government plan any compensation?”

In fact, the government has already responded to pressure from veterans’ groups. Last year Li Xueju, the minister of civil affairs, let slip that the state had started to pay “subsidies” to nuclear test personnel but gave no details of the amounts.

Such is the legacy of the decision by Chairman Mao Tse-tung, in 1955, to build the bomb in order to make China a great power.

Mao was driven by fear of the US and rivalry with the Soviet Union. He coveted the might that would be bestowed by nuclear weapons on a poor agricultural nation. Celebrations greeted the first test explosion on October 16, 1964.

The scientists staged a total of 46 tests around the Lop Nur site, 1,500 miles west of Beijing. Of these tests, 23 were in the atmosphere, 22 underground and one failed. They included thermonuclear blasts, neutron bombs and an atomic bomb covertly tested for Pakistan on May 26, 1990.

One device, dropped from an aircraft on November 17, 1976, was 320 times more powerful than the bomb that destroyed Hiroshima.

The last explosion in the air was in 1980, but the last underground test was not until July 29, 1996. Later that year, China signed the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and, once again, only the sigh of the winds could be heard in the desolation of the Gobi desert.

The financial cost remains secret, but the price of the first bomb was roughly equal to more than a third of the entire state budget for 1957 – spending that went on while at least 30m Chinese peasants died of famine and the nuclear scientists themselves lived on hardship rations.

Rare was the outsider who gained a glimpse of this huge project. One was Danny Stillman, director of technical intelligence at Los Alamos, New Mexico, home of America’s nuclear weapons. He made 10 visits to secret Chinese nuclear facilities during a period of detente and information exchange from 1990 to 2001.

“Some of the videos they showed me were of PLA [People’s Liberation Army] soldiers riding on horses – with gas masks over the noses and mouths of both the horses and the soldiers – as they were riding towards the mushroom cloud of an atmospheric surface detonation,” Stillman recalled.

“It was strange because the soldiers had swords raised above their heads as they headed for the radioactive fallout. I have always wondered how many of them survived.”

Stillman was also allowed to see the lengths to which the Chinese scientists had gone to experiment with annihilation in the desert.

Like the Americans, the Chinese placed caged live animals, tanks, planes, vehicles and buildings around test sites. Such were the remains gathered by the men and women of Unit 8302.

“The surprise to me was that they also had a full-scale Beijing subway station with all supporting utilities constructed at an undefined depth directly underneath,” said Stillman.

“There were 10,000 animals and a model of a Yangtze River bridge,” recalled Wu Qian, a scientist.

Li Yi, a woman doctor, added: “Animals placed two kilometres from the blast centre were burnt to cinders and those eight kilometres away died within a few days.”

China had borrowed Soviet blueprints and spied on the West, according to The Nuclear Express, a book by Stillman and Thomas Reed, the former US air force secretary.

It explains how China then exploited its human capital to win technological parity with the US for just 4% of the effort – 45 successful test explosions against more than 1,000 American tests.

“The Chinese nuclear weapon scientists I met . . . were exceptionally brilliant,” Stillman said.

Of China’s top 10 pioneers, two were educated at Edinburgh University – Cheng Kaijia, director of the weapons laboratory, and Peng Huan-wu, designer of the first thermonuclear bomb. Six went to college in the United States, one in France and one in Germany.

For all this array of genius, no Chinese scientist has dared to publish a study of the human toll.

That taboo has been broken by Takada, a physicist at the faculty of medicine at Sapporo University, who is an adviser on radiation hazards to the government of Japan.

He developed a computer simulation model, based on fieldwork at Soviet test sites in Kazakhstan, to calculate that 1.48m people were exposed to contamination during 32 years of Chinese tests.

Takada used internationally recognised radiation dosage measurements to estimate that 190,000 have died of cancer or leukaemia. He believes 35,000 foetuses were deformed or miscarried, with cases found as far away as Makanchi, near the Kazakh border with China.

To put his findings in perspective, Takada said China’s three biggest tests alone generated 4m times more radioactivity than the Chernobyl reactor accident of 1986. He has called the clouds of fallout “an air tsunami”.

Despite the pall of silence inside China, two remarkable proofs of the damage to health have come from official Communist party documents, dated 2007 and available on provincial websites.

One is a request to the health ministry from peasants’ and workers’ delegates in Xinjiang province for a special hospital to be built to cope with large numbers of patients who were “exposed to radiation or who wandered into the test zones by mistake”.

The other records a call by a party delegate named Xingfu for compensation and a study of “the severe situation of radiation sickness” in the county of Xiaobei, outside the oasis town of Dunhuang.

Both claims were rejected. Residents of Xiaobei report an alarming number of cancer deaths and children born with cleft palates, bone deformities and scoliosis, a curvature of the spine.

Specialists at hospitals in three cities along the Silk Road all reported a disproportionate number of cancer and leukaemia cases.

“I have read the Japanese professor’s work on the internet and I think it is credible,” said one. No cancer statistics for the region are made public.

Some memories, though, remain indelible. One man in Dunhuang recalled climbing up a mountain-side to watch a great pillar of dust swirl in from the desert.

“For days we were ordered to keep our windows closed and stay inside,” recounted another middle-aged man. “For months we couldn’t eat vegetables or fruits. Then after a while they didn’t bother with that any more.”

But they did go on testing. And the truth about the toll may never be known unless, one day, a future Chinese government allows pathologists to search for the answers in the cemeteries of the Silk Road.

The dead of Dunhuang lie in a waste ground on the fringe of the desert, at the foot of great dunes where tourists ride on camels. Tombs, cairns and unmarked heaps of earth dot the boundless sands.

By local tradition, the clothes of the deceased are thrown away at their funerals. Dresses, suits and children’s garments lie half-buried by dust around the graves.

“People don’t live long around here,” said a local man who led me to the graveyard. “Fifty, 60 – then they’re gone.”

– : Revolt stirs among China’s nuclear ghosts

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China Blocks UN Censure for North Korean Missile Test

Posted by Author on April 11, 2009

By Bill Varner, The Bloomberg, Apr. 10, 2009 –

April 10 (Bloomberg) — The U.S. and Japan failed to reach an agreement with China on a United Nations Security Council resolution condemning North Korea’s missile test.

Meetings in New York since the April 5 launch yielded no consensus, with China blocking censure by the Security Council and rebuffing an appeal for “swift” action by Japan. There are no further meetings scheduled this week.

“If we don’t do something, the existence of the Security Council as well as the meaning of its resolutions become doubtful,” Shintaro Ito, Japan’s state secretary for foreign affairs, told reporters at the UN in New York. “This is a big test for the UN.”

Japan, the only country in the missile’s flight path, is seeking a resolution to “reinforce” previous UN measures that condemned North Korea’s 2006 nuclear test and missile launches. The international body at the time imposed sanctions that include a ban on the sale of missiles, warships, tanks, attack helicopters and combat aircraft.

Japan today extended its own existing sanctions on North Korea for a year and restricted cash transfers. Japan banned North Korean imports and barred its ships from calling on Japanese ports after Kim’s government in July 2006 test-fired missiles that fell into the Sea of Japan shortly after launch. Three months later, North Korea detonated a nuclear device.

Additional Sanctions

“We decided on the one-year extension and additional sanctions as a result of the missile launch,” Chief Cabinet Secretary Takeo Kawamura told reporters in Tokyo today. Lawmakers within the ruling Liberal Democratic Party pushed for harsher measures such as a complete export ban.

China this week signaled the nature of the impasse in the UN by reiterating its call for restraint. Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Jiang Yu said China has “taken note” of North Korea’s claim that it launched a communications satellite into space, without elaborating. The comment is at odds with the U.S. and Japanese contention that Kim Jong Il’s regime was attempting to test a missile capable of delivering a nuclear warhead.

“Some are talking about the launch of a missile, others about a satellite,” Ambassador Jorge Urbina of Costa Rica, a Security Council member, said. “The U.S. wants a strong statement, but it is very difficult to reconcile both positions.”

Preserving Leverage

Urbina said China wants to “preserve its leverage” in the six-party talks aimed at getting North Korea to give up its nuclear weapons program. Those negotiations, which also include the U.S., Japan, Russia and South Korea, stalled last year when Kim’s government refused to let international inspectors examine its nuclear reactor.

“The six-party talks proved effective in increasing understanding and trust among those involved and is an important platform to help realize a nuclear-free Korean peninsula,” Jiang said.

Ambassador Ibrahim Dabbashi of Libya, a Security Council member, said foreign ministers of the U.K., China, France, Russia and the U.S. didn’t agree on a UN reaction in talks over the past two days and there is “nothing on the table now.” Dababashi said the Security Council’s five permanent members might never agree on a response to the launch.

Possible Deal

French Ambassador Jean-Maurice Ripert signaled a possible deal by saying a resolution that calls for the implementation of existing sanctions, which include a travel ban and asset freeze on officials of North Korea’s missile program. No one has ever been put on the list for such penalties.

“It was a little bit soft,” Ripert said of the enforcement of the prior sanctions.

China signaled in private talks that it might ultimately support such a resolution, Mexican and Costa Rican ambassadors on the Security Council said.

The Bloomberg

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China Firm Indicted in Financing Military Sales to Iran

Posted by Author on April 10, 2009

By Colum Lynch, Washington Post Staff Writer, Wednesday, April 8, 2009-

NEW YORK, April 7
— A Manhattan grand jury on Tuesday indicted a Chinese executive and his company on charges of covertly using New York banks to finance the sale of tons of restricted materials to Iran, potentially supporting Tehran’s ballistic missile and nuclear programs in violation of U.N. sanctions.

The indictment, announced by Manhattan District Attorney Robert M. Morgenthau, accused Li Fang Wei and his company, LIMMT Economic and Trade Co., of selling high-strength metals with military applications to subsidiaries of an Iranian military agency. Many of the items are on international control lists designed to restrict the export to select countries of technologies that can be used for military programs.

The case exposed a major gap in China’s enforcement of a web of international export controls and U.N. resolutions designed to prevent Iran from acquiring raw materials for its nuclear and ballistic missile programs, according to arms-control experts.

The indictment charged Li and his company with 118 criminal counts of falsifying business records, saying the company “engaged in deception and fraud” and used “alias names and shell companies to deceive U.S. financial institutions into processing its international payments.”

“Sanctions are effective only if they are enforced,” said Morgenthau, who noted that Li is at large in China. “We may not be able to shut down Li’s factories, but we can shine a light on his conduct and the conduct of foreign banks that permit these types of operations to flourish.”

The Treasury Department sanctioned LIMMT in June 2006 for its alleged role in selling prohibited weapons parts and banned it from carrying out transactions within the U.S. financial system. Li’s customers included a number of subsidiaries of the Iranian Defense Industries Organization. The indictment describes several Iranian transactions involving those firms, including a June 2008 deal to sell 27 tons of extremely high-strength “maraging” steel rods to Amin Industrial Group for about $1.8 million. Li secretly channeled payments to customers through several American banks, including Bank of America, Citibank and J.P. Morgan Chase, according to the indictment.

David Albright, a nuclear weapons expert who assisted in the prosecution, said that it is impossible to say how Iran used the raw materials it acquired. But he said the steel can be used to fortify missile bodies, and another acquisition, tungsten copper plates, can be used in the manufacture of engine nozzles that shield a missile body from the intense heat of flames.

– Washington Post: Chinese Firm Indicted in Sales to Iran

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Australia Defence Minister Met China Generals With Businesswoman Liu on Trip

Posted by Author on April 1, 2009

Richard Baker, Philip Dorling and John Garnaut, The Age, Australia, March 31, 2009-

DEFENCE Minister Joel Fitzgibbon mixed with some of China’s most powerful military generals and Communist Party leaders on a 2002 trip to China paid for by wealthy businesswoman Helen Liu.

Cutting short Christmas celebrations with his wife and family, Mr Fitzgibbon attended a Chinese military art exhibition with Ms Liu in Beijing on Boxing Day 2002 with six three-star generals, 60 lower-ranking generals and 700 Chinese VIPs.

But late yesterday, a spokesman for Mr Fitzgibbon said he could not recall the reason for attending the Chinese military function, other than it was probably part of the “cultural experience” of the trip.

Mr Fitzgibbon’s spokesman said the function was “one of many” that the Labor MP was “wheeled into and wheeled out of” by Ms Liu. He said Mr Fitzgibbon could not recall Ms Liu’s connection with the event.

At the function, held to commemorate chairman Mao Zedong’s birthday, Mr Fitzgibbon circulated with Li Jing, commander of China’s naval air force, Zhou Kegu, deputy chief of the People’s Liberation Army political department, Li Jingsong, president of China’s military science academy, and Zhou Tienong, vice-chairman of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference. Ms Liu played a key role in the event and was photographed at the centre of four document-signing ceremonies, including one with the director of the Hunan province tourism bureau. Mr Fitzgibbon was presented as her guest of honour.

At the function Mr Fitzgibbon was presented with a large painting by artist Li Chengxiu, but the minister’s spokesman last night said he did not bring the artwork back to Australia with him. Mr Fitzgibbon did not declare the painting as a gift received in the Federal Parliament’s register of members of interests.

At the time, Mr Fitzgibbon was opposition resources and tourism spokesman. He became shadow defence minister in late 2006.

Despite Mr Fitzgibbon’s difficulty in recalling the details of the event, a translation of a report on the 2002 military art event on the website of the World Federation of Overseas Chinese Associations, refers to him being “so excited” by the occasion. Ms Liu is vice-chairwoman of the Hong Kong-based association that boasts 10,000 members.

“Joel Fitzgibbon, an Australian member of Parliament, who was in Beijing especially to attend the ceremony, was so excited at the scale and the hot atmosphere of the opening ceremony,” the report stated.

Last week, Mr Fitzgibbon was reprimanded by acting Prime Minister Julia Gillard after failing to declare trips to China in 2002 and 2005 paid for by Ms Liu. Asked if Ms Liu had paid for any travel, Mr Fitzgibbon initially said they had only ever exchanged small gifts……. (more details from The Age)

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Nortel’s China Syndrome

Posted by Author on January 13, 2009

Andy Greenberg, The  Forbes, 01.12.09 –

Concerns over Chinese cyber-spying may have stalled a deal with Huawei that Nortel needs.

Since the beginning of this decade, worries about Chinese cyber-spying have reverberated through the media, rocked the security industry and added billions to the U.S. government’s cybersecurity budget. Now, for Nortel Networks, those concerns may also have frozen a deal the struggling networking vendor badly needs.

Toronto-based Nortel, whose stock has lost 96% of its value last year, announced in September that it would sell its metro Ethernet business, an Internet-focused piece of the company that generates about $1.5 billion a year in revenue.

The most interested potential acquirer of that division of Nortel may be Huawei, which bid $400 million for Nortel’s offering in September, according to Avian Securities–a generous offer considering that the company’s current market capitalization, hammered by debt and missed earnings projections, languishes at less than half that value. More recent rumors suggest Israeli networking company Radware may be bidding as little as $50 million for the same division, according to the Israel news site Globes.

Huawei’s higher bid, however, came with a caveat: The Shenzhen, China-based networking giant has a murky history of cooperation with its homeland’s authoritarian regime. And concerns over Huawei’s government ties, according to some industry-watchers and security analysts, may have spooked Nortel’s customers that carry sensitive U.S. government data and scuttled the Chinese company’s offer.

Huawei, which didn’t respond to requests for comment, has good reason to want a chunk of Nortel’s business. It’s likely most interested in Nortel’s market share in fiberoptic equipment–8.5% of the world market according to Synergy Research, behind only Alcatel-Lucent (nyse: ALU – news – people ) and Huawei itself. Nortel’s 100-gigabyte-per-second fiberoptic switches are also significantly faster than the 40-GB-per-second switches that Huawei currently offers.

The Chinese company has long been searching for an opportunity to expand to North America. It tried a joint venture with Nortel in 2005. And though that deal was scrapped in 2006, it means the two companies may have closer ties than other potential bidders.

In an informal poll of 44 fiberoptics and Ethernet industry executives at the Carrier Ethernet World Congress last September, the telecom trade blog Light Reading found that 18 respondents named Huawei as the most likely buyer for Nortel’s metro Ethernet business, far more than other candidates like Cisco Systems (nasdaq: CSCO – news – people ) or Ericsson (nasdaq: ERIC – news – people ). The second most popular response in the poll was “no one.”

But a deal between Huawei and Nortel would have raised security hackles: The company sells telecom equipment to major Internet carriers like Verizon  (nyse: VZ –  news  –  people ), AT&T  (nyse: T –  news  –  people ), Sprint  (nyse: S –  news  –  people ) and Qwest, which in turn carry data for practically every government agency from the National Security Agency to the Pentagon. And given Huawei’s history, a tieup with the company would raise the specter of a hidden back door in a router or switch, siphoning that data to foreign spies.

A January 2007 report for the U.S. Air Force written by the RAND research group highlighted the military background of Huawei chief executive Ren Zhengfei: Before he founded Huawei in 1988, Ren was an engineering director for the Chinese military’s telecom research department. Today, “Huawei maintains deep ties with the Chinese military, which serves a multifaceted role as an important customer, as well as Huawei’s political patron and research and development partner,” according to the report.

A month later, the conservative think tank Heritage Foundation issued its own report, citing Huawei as a security threat and arguing that “if a PLA protégé firm acquired an American firm that provided computer network equipment, software and services to the U.S. government, the possibilities for cyber-espionage would be virtually unlimited.”…… (more details from The Forbes)

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Taiwan legislator warns of China spyware in military hardware

Posted by Author on January 13, 2009

Taiwan News, Staff Writer, 2009-01-13 –

The military could be leaking secrets if using computers made in China, an opposition lawmaker said yesterday.

The Ministry of National Defense recently bought notebook computers from China which could compromise state secrets if they had been infected by viruses and spy software programs, said Lawrence Kao, a legislator for the Democratic Progressive Party.

The army headquarters had recently awarded bids for 51 computers to a supplier who did not buy the notebooks from Taiwanese manufacturers, but from suppliers in China, Kao said. At a news conference at the Legislative Yuan yesterday, he also accused the supplier of contracting out repair work to China.

Chinese intelligence services could plant software programs inside the computers which could then be used to collect military secrets from their Taiwanese users, Kao said.

The DPP lawmaker accused the military of being too lax about supervising its key suppliers and the sources of its equipment. It was high time for the ministry to review its procurement procedures and the origin of the products it was using, Kao said.

There has been concern for some time that in the event of a cross-straits conflict, China would not try for the long-feared tactic of a costly all-out invasion of the island, but would instead wage electronic warfare to try and paralyze the Taiwanese military’s communications and information systems.

eTaiwan News

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Hamas Rockets Made in China

Posted by Author on January 9, 2009

By Ofir Kaminkovski, Epoch Times Staff, Jan 1, 2009 –

TEL AVIV,  Israel—The Israel-based Intelligence and Terrorism Information Center reports that the rockets fired by the Hamas are contraband from mainland China. Hamas is a terrorist organization that took control on the Gaza strip by force in 2007.

“It was revealed that the rockets were contraband from China. The experts who liquidated the rockets saw that it was made in China,” said Hagai Huberman, an Israeli Military Correspondent to the Makor Rishon newspaper, to New Tang Dynasty Television.

Chinese communist authorities have been accused of selling weapons to Hamas before. In 2006 a Paris-based intelligence newsletter reported that Chinese Ministry of State Security official, Gong Xiaosheng, worked with Hamas militants.

In a separate case in August this year, a group of Israeli terror victims alleged that the Bank of China assisted terrorist attacks by allowing the transfer of money to Hamas. According to their lawyer Nitzana Darshan-Leitner, Chinese authorities were informed about it but did nothing to stop it.

– The Epochtimes

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U.S.- China ties weaken Japan alliances

Posted by Author on November 25, 2008

The Japan Times, Tuesday, Nov. 25, 2008 –

As the United States works harder than ever to strengthen relations with China, there are signs its alliances with Japan and Taiwan are weakening. A conspicuous sign of change in Japan-U.S. ties came early Oct. 12 when President George W. Bush telephoned Prime Minister Taro Aso to inform the latter of the decision to remove North Korea from Washington’s list of terrorism-supporting nations.

Officials of Japan’s Foreign Ministry had suspected that Washington would take this action despite Tokyo’s repeated pleas not to appear conciliatory toward North Korea before the fate of Japanese citizens abducted by Pyongyang in the 1970s and ’80s was resolved. The phone call came only half an hour before the State Department announced its decision.

Other signs indicate that Washington is more interested in promoting ties with Beijing than in maintaining existing military alliances with Japan or Taiwan. For one thing, Washington has refused to provide Japan’s Air Self-Defense Force with the next-generation F-22 Raptor fighter. For another, the U.S. has declined Taiwan’s request for attack helicopters and diesel-powered submarines.

To make matters worse, a Chinese diplomat hints that North Korean strongman Kim Jong Il has regretted pursuing “mea culpa” diplomacy with Japan since admitting to then Prime Minister Junichiro Koizumi in 2002 that his followers were responsible for the abductions. A handful of abductees were returned to Japan; Pyongyang has not made known the whereabouts of others.

Ever since the end of the Cold War, the Korean Peninsula and the Taiwan Strait have been hot spots for American military operations in Asia. The Bush administration, however, has shifted its diplomatic strategy toward building a stronger cooperative relationship with China, as Washington has been beset with wars in Afghanistan and Iraq and annual military expenditures of $200 billion.

Even though Russia has developed Su-35 fighters and China has come up with Jian-10 fighters, to compete with the F-22 Raptor, the U.S. has refused to provide the ASDF with its most advanced fighter apparently because Washington attaches greater importance to easing tension with Beijing than to strengthening the military alliance with Tokyo……. (more details from The Japan Times)

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US warned of increasing China ‘cyber-spying’

Posted by Author on November 21, 2008

BBC News, Thursday, 20 November 2008 –

China has stepped up computer espionage against the US government and American businesses, according to an influential Washington congressional panel.

In its annual report to Congress, the panel warned that China was gaining increasing access to sensitive information from US computer networks.

It said China was aggressively pursuing cyber-warfare capabilities to gain an advantage over the US in any conflict.

There has been no comment so far from the Chinese on the report.

The US-China Economic and Security Review Commission was set up by Congress in 2000 to advise, investigate and report on US-China issues.

It alleges that the Chinese are looking for diplomatic and military secrets in government databases, and potentially lucrative industrial secrets held by American corporations.

The report said the US government and economy were critically vulnerable to cyber-space attack since both depended heavily on computers and the internet.

The panel of six Democrats and six Republicans said China would continue to target the US using cyberspace as it was cheaper and less risky than traditional espionage activities.

Another advantage, they say, is that determining who infiltrated computer networks is often difficult to establish.

“China is stealing vast amounts of sensitive information from US computer networks,” said Larry Wortzel, chairman of the commission.

His panel recommended that lawmakers should provide funds for US government agencies – including those run by the military and homeland security – that would monitor and protect sensitive information held on computer networks……. (more details from BBC News)

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Chinese-born Physicist admits sending US space know-how to China

Posted by Author on November 19, 2008

AFP, Nov. 17, 2007-

WASHINGTON (AFP) — A Chinese-born physicist Monday pleaded guilty before a US court to illegally exporting American military space know-how to China, US officials said.

Naturalized US citizen Shu Quan-Sheng, admitted handing over to Beijing information on the design and development of a fueling system for space launch vehicles between 2003 and 2007, the Justice Department said.

Shu, 68, pleaded guilty to violating the Arms Export Control Act by helping Chinese officials based at the space facility on southern Hainan island to develop manned space flight and future missions to the Moon.

He also acknowledged he had sent them in December 2003 a specific military document detailing the design of liquid hydrogen tanks crucial to launching vehicles into space, the Justice Department said in a statement.

Shu, who is the head of a high-tech company, AMAC International, based in Newport News, Virginia, with offices in Beijing, admitted a third charge of bribing Chinese officials to the tune of some 189,300 dollars.

The bribes helped him to secure for an unidentified French company a four-million dollar contract for the development of a liquid hydrogen tank system, awarded to the French firm in January 2007.

Beijing is developing a liquid-propelled heavy payload launch facility at Hainan which will eventually send spacecraft into orbit carrying the material needed to build space stations and stallites.

Shu bribed three Chinese officials from Beijing’s 101st Research Institute, which works at Hainan, along with other bodies including the People’s Liberation Army armaments department, the Justice Department said.

China sent its first man into space in 2003, followed by a two-man mission in 2005……. (more details from AFP)

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