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    Nine Commentaries on The Communist Party, the Epochtimes
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    Reporters Without Borders said in it’s 2005 special report titled “Xinhua: the world’s biggest propaganda agency”, that “Xinhua remains the voice of the sole party”, “particularly during the SARS epidemic, Xinhua has for last few months been putting out news reports embarrassing to the government, but they are designed to fool the international community, since they are not published in Chinese.”
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Archive for the ‘military’ Category

China Fired Missile Seen In Southern California, Pentagon and its embedded media covering up: Wayne Madsen

Posted by Author on November 11, 2010

Wayne Madsen Report, Via, NOv. 10, 2010 –

China flexed its military muscle Monday evening in the skies west of Los Angeles when a Chinese Navy Jin class ballistic missile nuclear submarine, deployed secretly from its underground home base on the south coast of Hainan island, launched an intercontinental ballistic missile from international waters off the southern California coast. WMR’s intelligence sources in Asia, including Japan, say the belief by the military commands in Asia and the intelligence services is that the Chinese decided to demonstrate to the United States its capabilities on the eve of the G-20 Summit in Seoul and the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Tokyo, where President Obama is scheduled to attend during his ten-day trip to Asia.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in China, military, News, Politics, USA, World | Comments Off on China Fired Missile Seen In Southern California, Pentagon and its embedded media covering up: Wayne Madsen

U.N. Official Honors Chinese Military Leader of 1989 Tiananmen Crackdown

Posted by Author on November 1, 2010

By JOE LAURIA, Via Wall Street Journal, Nov. 1, 2010 –

A United Nations official who has courted controversy in the past has presented an award to the military leader of the 1989 crackdown on Tiananmen Square protests ahead of an official visit to China by U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.

Sha Zukang, a Chinese national who is U.N. Undersecretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs, gave the award last week to Gen. Chi Haotian, a former Chinese defense minister. Gen. Chi was chief of staff of the People’s Liberation Army when he ordered the attack on the pro-democracy demonstrators. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in China, Human Rights, military, News, Official, People, Politics, Social, World | Comments Off on U.N. Official Honors Chinese Military Leader of 1989 Tiananmen Crackdown

China fights U.N. report on Darfur Ammunition Shipment

Posted by Author on October 17, 2010

The Washington Post, Oct 16, 2010 –

UNITED NATIONS – China has mounted a strenuous diplomatic campaign to block the publication of a U.N. report that claims that Chinese ammunition has been shipped into Darfur in the past year, in clear violation of U.N. sanctions, according to several U.N. diplomatic sources.

The report does not claim that Chinese arms dealers knew that their ammunition was being sent to the western region of Sudan. But the findings provide some of the strongest evidence to date that Khartoum has routinely channeled imported arms and ammunition from China into Darfur, where the Sudanese government is engaged in a military campaign against rebels. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Asia, China, military, News, Politics, Social, World | Comments Off on China fights U.N. report on Darfur Ammunition Shipment

As Chinese Regime Develops Aerospace Arsenal, Regional Dynamics May Shift

Posted by Author on October 15, 2010

The forays of Chinese aerospace weaponeers into better and more—many more—ballistic missiles, fighter jets, instruments of electronic warfare, and, potentially, near space-based sensor architecture, all generously funded with the deep pockets of the Chinese Communist Party, should alarm security experts and may redefine political and military dynamics in the Asia-Pacific region, according to a U.S. think tank.

In reports published this year and last year and in recent speeches, researchers from the Project 2049 Institute in Washington have painted a detailed and discomfiting picture of the CCP’s modernization of its military forces in aerospace—meaning those that roam both air and space. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Asia, China, military, News, Politics, Social, World | Comments Off on As Chinese Regime Develops Aerospace Arsenal, Regional Dynamics May Shift

China warships dock in Myanmar

Posted by Author on August 30, 2010

AFP, Aug. 30, 2010 –

YANGON — Two Chinese warships have made a rare visit to military-ruled Myanmar to spend several days promoting ties between the allied countries’ armed forces, Chinese state media said Monday.

The ships from the People’s Liberation Army Navy docked at Yangon’s Thilawa port on Sunday afternoon and will launch a series of exchanges with Myanmar’s navy, Xinhua news agency reported.

“The five-day mission is aimed at promoting friendly relationships between the two armed forces of the two countries and exchange between the two navies,” the report said.

A Chinese defence ministry official confirmed the ships’ arrival to AFP.

The warships, which Xinhua said were welcomed with a “grand ceremony”, have arrived as Myanmar prepares for its first election in twenty years on November 7, which has been widely criticised by activists and the West as a sham.

While numerous Western nations direct sanctions at Myanmar, which has been military ruled since 1962, China is the junta’s key ally, trading partner and an eager investor in the isolated state’s sizeable natural resources.

In November China’s top oil producer began construction of a pipeline across Myanmar.

The Asian economic powerhouse has long helped keep Myanmar afloat through trade ties, arms sales, and by shielding it from UN sanctions over rights abuses as a veto-wielding, permanent member of the Security Council…….(AFP)

Posted in Asia, China, military, News, Politics, World | 1 Comment »

Lieutenant General Liu Yazhou Lambasts China’s Political System

Posted by Author on August 25, 2010

By Zhang Haishan, Epoch Times Staff, Aug 25, 2010 –

A prominent Chinese military commander has lambasted the Chinese political system in a recent interview and predicted a political transformation toward democracy within the next ten years.

Lieutenant General Liu Yazhou is the Political Commissar of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) University for National Defense. He is also the son-in-law of former Chinese President, Li Xiannian. His public statements make him the first senior active-duty military officer to publicly criticize the Chinese Communist Party’s (CCP’s) policies without backlash from the regime.

In a recent interview with Hong Kong’s Phoenix Weekly, Liu said, “A system that does not allow its citizens to breathe freely, nor to maximally unleash their creativity, nor puts those who can best represent the people in leadership positions, is doomed.”

He further pointed out that the former Soviet Union also used to stress [social] stability above all else and regarded it as the ultimate goal.

“Stressing stability as a principle of overriding importance, and moneymaking as the only way to settle everything, will only lead to contradictions being aggravated, and everything will come against you.”

Liu also predicted that a political transformation from authoritarianism to democracy will inevitably take place within ten years.

Expressing reprehension for the “money diplomacy” and “economic powerhouse” concepts embraced by the CCP, Liu said “having more money does not mean having more soft power.”

He also criticized the money worship that defines contemporary mainstream Chinese society, arguing that it has damaged China’s international image.

Liu’s statements were published in the latest Phoenix Weekly issue, in an article entitled “On the West.” An editorial statement said that the content was compiled from the interview with Liu and published without Liu’s final review or approval…….(more details from the Epochtimes)

Posted in China, military, News, Official, People, Politics, Social, World | Comments Off on Lieutenant General Liu Yazhou Lambasts China’s Political System

Containing China in new cold war

Posted by Author on August 22, 2010

By Paul Lin (林保華), The Taipei Times, Taiwan, Sunday, Aug 22, 2010 –

On Monday
, the US and South Korea held their second joint military exercise in a month. The scale of the drill outstripped that of the first drill, held late last month, by three times. Despite both Chinese and North Korean threats, the US and South Korean insistence on the drills was a response to North Korea’s alleged sinking of the South Korean Cheonan warship. It was also a reaction to China’s recent claim that the Yellow Sea and the South China Sea are part of its core interests.

North Korea denies responsibility for the sinking, and China pretends to remain neutral. However, the North launched its invasion of the South 60 years ago with Chinese and Soviet backing, but China covered up its support with lies and has never admitted or apologized for its backing. How, then, can we possibly believe China’s denial and profession of neutrality today?

The Korean War should not be forgotten because it was the first war in which the communist camp tried to expand their influence by force after World War II, and the free world successfully beat them back. It also marked the beginning of the Cold War era.

To block the communist expansion, NATO developed an integrated military structure in Europe and the East Asian region developed the “crescent-shaped” island chain defense line consisting of South Korea, Japan, Taiwan and the Philippines. However, the two were unable to join up and form a single defense line against communism because China made every effort to co-opt India, Indonesia, Burma, Pakistan and Ceylon (Sri Lanka). In 1955, China called the Asian-African Conference in Bandung, Indonesia, to form a third international force. Meanwhile, China and the Soviet Union were to various degrees inciting Middle Eastern countries against Western democracies.

After the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin died in 1953, China and the Soviet Union started to fight for dominance of the international communist movement, and their discord could not be resolved during the 1960s. Later, the Soviet Union tried to use the chaos of the Cultural Revolution to tame the arrogant former Chinese leader Mao Zedong (毛澤東).

This led to the Sino-US cooperation in the 1970s. Finally, the Soviet Union collapsed in the late 1980s, partially because its national strength was consumed by the arms race against the US.

The Chinese Communist Party is extremely tricky. After the Cultural Revolution ended, it pretended to be an ally of the West.

In the 1980s, former Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping (鄧小平) ordered the party to keep a low profile, and in the 1990s, then-Chinese leader Jiang Zemin’s (江澤民) US policy of “increasing trust, reducing trouble, promoting cooperation and demoting confrontation” duped Western democracies into offering Beijing economic assistance.

In the 21st century, especially after financial crisis struck in 2008, the true face of the “Chinese empire,” described by China expert John Tkacik, then started to gradually show.

For example, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao (溫家寶) was overbearing and arrogant toward US President Barack Obama at an international conference, saying that the Chinese army would lay down the rules for the US. Eventually, the US Department of State and the Pentagon gradually synchronized their views on the issue.

China’s toughness did not scare the US, but it did frightened its neighbors, and South Korea, Japan, the Philippines, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore and India clearly hoped the US would stay in Asia. Even communist Vietnam hopes so.

As a result of China’s domestic crackdown on Muslims, Middle Eastern countries have also distanced themselves from China. Mongolia, which shares its southern border with China, has become a democracy. Former Soviet countries are also transforming into democracies and they are increasingly cautious about China. Russia no longer sells advanced weapons to China and the operations of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization have ground to a halt.

China is no longer contained by a crescent-shaped defense line, but it is now completely surrounded. The only exceptions are Myanmar and Iran, which adopt a firm anti-US stance. However, the domestic situation in both those countries is relatively unstable. Today, a new cold war between China and the US has replaced the old one between the US and the Soviet Union.

China is not unaware of the current international situation and that is why Chinese President Hu Jintao’s (胡錦濤) adviser Zheng Bijian (鄭必堅) has reshaped China’s “peaceful rise” into “peaceful development.”

However, Jiang and Hu, who both tried to curry favor with the Chinese military to bolster their power, have spoiled it with luxury and pleasure. In terms of economic development, totalitarian rule is causing social tensions to increase steadily. The question is, will the multinational corporations will stand by the totalitarian rulers for their own economic benefits once China descends into turmoil?

Although Sun Yat-sen (孫逸仙) was notorious for cooperating with the Russians and suppressing provincial autonomy, he said in a famous remark that the global trend toward freedom and democracy was going forward with great strength. Those who follow the trend will survive; those who do not will perish.

Which side should President Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九) and the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) take? From a long-term perspective, Taiwan’s path is twisted, but our future remains bright.

Paul Lin is a political ­commentator based in Taipei.

The Taipei Times

Posted in Asia, China, military, News, Opinion, Politics, South Korea, Taiwan, USA, World | 2 Comments »

Kim Jong-il Demands Fighter Jets from China, Hu Says Will Protect North Korean

Posted by Author on June 18, 2010, June 18, 2010 –

North Korea asked China to provide it with the latest J-10 fighter jets and other hardware but was rejected, it emerged Wednesday.

According to a high-ranking source in the North, North Korean leader Kim Jong-il made the request to Chinese President Hu Jintao when he visited China in early May. But Hu apparently told Kim that China will protect and support him if attacked.

Observers guess this is the reason why Kim left a day earlier than scheduled.

One North Korean defector who used to be a high-ranking official said, “Kim is increasingly afraid of an attack by South Korean and U.S. forces” following the North’s sinking of the South Korean Navy corvette in March. The North Korean leader therefore wanted to get his hands on the latest Chinese fighter jets to counter South Korea’s F-15 and F-16 fighter planes.

“Kim wouldn’t have visited China with such a large entourage if he merely wanted economic assistance,” the defector said. Another North Korean defector and former soldier said Pyongyang may have bolstered its so-called asymmetric warfare capabilities by strengthening special forces “but still lags behind South Korea in terms of naval and air force capabilities and feels threatened.”

There is speculation that North Korea is forced to lean on China because it does not have the money to buy expensive Sukhoi fighters from Russia.

The Chosun

Posted in Asia, China, military, News, Politics, World | Comments Off on Kim Jong-il Demands Fighter Jets from China, Hu Says Will Protect North Korean

How some top Chinese military generals refused to lead tank troops to Tiananmen Square during the June 4 crackdown

Posted by Author on June 5, 2010

JOHN GARNAUT,  Sydney Morning Herald CORRESPONDENT, June 4, 2010 –

BEIJING:  In May 1989 the talented commander of the legendary 38th Army, Lieutenant General Xu Qinxian, defied an order from the paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping, to lead his troops to Beijing.

General Xu took no part in the subsequent killing of hundreds of protesters around Tiananmen Square, which is now quietly referred to in China simply as ”June 4” and remains the worst incident of direct military violence against Chinese people in the People’s Republic’s 60-year history. The bloodshed split the People’s Liberation Army as it did the Communist Party and the country. ”The case of General Xu is representative of the dissenting voice within the military,” said Warren Sun, an authority at Monash University on the Communist Party’s internal history . ”Deng held a real fear of a possible military coup,” he said.

The killings around Tiananmen continue to taint the legacies of the party elders who ordered them, led by Deng, and it weighs on the generation of mainly conservative leaders whose careers advanced because their more moderate colleagues were purged or sidelined at the time.

Those internal wounds are still raw, as demonstrated by the effort that the party and PLA have exerted to ensure today’s 21st anniversary will pass without any public mention within China.

But acts of courageous defiance are kept alive by military and party veterans in private conversations and overseas Chinese language publications, in the belief or hope that those who refused to spill blood in 1989 will one day be acknowledged as heroes.

Around May 20, 1989, General Zhou Yibing, commander of the Beijing Military District, had couriered the marching orders to General Xu’s barracks in Baoding, south of Beijing. ”When he was ordered to march into the square, Xu asked a series of questions,” said a serving general in the People’s Liberation Army, answering queries from the Herald which were relayed via a close associate.

”He asked if there was an order from … Zhao Ziyang,” said the serving PLA general, referring to the Communist Party boss who had already been sidelined because of his opposition to the use of force. The answer was no and ”Xu then refused to march.”

General Xu is the best known conscientious objector but not the only one.

On some accounts, General Xu’s mentor, Qin Jiwei, who was then defence minister and a member of the politburo, attempted to forge an alliance with Zhao to oppose martial law. Zhao was purged and spent the rest of his life under house arrest.

“He was ordered to implement martial law [after a meeting at Deng’s home on May 17] but he refused, saying he needed party authority,” said a prominent scholar, whose father had served under Qin. “Qin called Zhao’s office and waited for four hours until 2.30 in the morning to receive Zhao’s return phone call overruling Deng Xiaoping … but the call never came.”

There has been no public corroboration of this account by Zhao or those close to him.

The serving PLA general who responded to the Herald’s questions about General Xu also pointed to the case of He Yanran, commander of the 28th Army.

”[General] He was also court-martialled because his armoured personnel carriers and trucks were burned down by angry onlookers and he refused to disperse them,” said the serving general, through the mutual acquaintance.

General Xu was jailed for five years and is believed to be living a quiet life in occasional contact with reform-minded friends. General Qin later maintained a strong public show of support for the crackdown but was nevertheless deprived of his former power until his death in 1997. General He was demoted.

Sydney Morning Herald

Posted in Beijing, China, Communist Party, history, June 4, military, News, Official, People, Politics, Social, Special day, Tiananmen, World | Comments Off on How some top Chinese military generals refused to lead tank troops to Tiananmen Square during the June 4 crackdown

(video) Tank Man– Courage that Inspires Not Only Chinese

Posted by Author on June 3, 2010

Captured by Western photographers watching nearby, this confrontation on June 5, 1989 (in Beijing, China) became an icon for the fight for freedom around the world.

Videos: Tiananmen Square Massacre 18 Years Ago in China

Posted in Beijing, China, Human Rights, June 4, military, News, People, Politics, Social, Special day, Tiananmen, Video, World | Comments Off on (video) Tank Man– Courage that Inspires Not Only Chinese

Australians fear of China’s military threat, prompting record support for the US alliance: survey

Posted by Author on May 31, 2010

By Ian McPhedran, The Courier-Mail, Australia, May 31, 2010 –

ALMOST half of Australians believe that China will become a military threat to Australia within 20 years, prompting record support for the US alliance.

According to the 2010 Lowy Institute foreign policy poll, 46 per cent of people think China will be a threat, with 19 per cent of them rating the possibility as “very likely”.

And 55 per cent of the 1001 people surveyed named China as the world’s top economic power, compared with 32 per cent for the United States.

The reality is that China is Australia’s number one trading partner, but its economy rates number four, behind the EU, US and Japan.

While 73 per cent of people regard China’s growth as good for Australia, 57 per cent said the Government had allowed too much investment from China, and 69 per cent said China’s aim was to dominate Asia.

Of those surveyed, 55 per cent wanted Australia to join with other countries to limit China’s influence.

While Australians saw America’s economic power as waning, they were still strongly supportive (86 per cent) of the Anzus Treaty and a military alliance with Uncle Sam. That was up from 63 per cent just three years ago.

Lowy Poll Project director Fergus Hanson said the results showed people were positive about China’s economic growth but fearful of its military aims.

“The two sides of the China relationship play in to the rising support for the US alliance that is evident in the poll,” Mr Hanson said……. (more details from The Courier-Mail)

Posted in Asia, Australia, Business, China, Economy, Investment, military, News, Politics, Social, Trade, World | Comments Off on Australians fear of China’s military threat, prompting record support for the US alliance: survey

Fault lines emerge in China’s support for its old ally

Posted by Author on May 27, 2010

The Sydney Morning Herald, May 27, 2010-

BEIJING: The first crack has appeared in China’s resolve to shelter North Korea from international sanctions, with a prominent Chinese scholar saying his country’s foreign policy has been ”hijacked by Dear Leader”.

The US Secretary of State, Hillary Clinton, stood by the South Korean President, Lee Myung-bak, in Seoul yesterday to pledge her ”full support” for his stance against North Korea’s ”belligerence and provocation”.

She said there was no room for doubting last week’s findings that a North Korean torpedo had sunk the warship Cheonan on March 26, killing 46 sailors.

”The international investigation was objective, the evidence overwhelming, the conclusion inescapable: this was an unacceptable provocation by North Korea,” Mrs Clinton said.

Chinese officials say the opposite. Most Chinese experts declined to take calls yesterday or stuck to the official line that the case had not been proved.

”The Chinese Government has not got very persuasive evidence to support the judgment about who sank the South Korean ship,” said Yan Xuetong, a professor of international relations at Tsinghua University……. (more details from The Sydney Morning Herald)

Posted in Asia, China, military, News, Official, Politics, World | Comments Off on Fault lines emerge in China’s support for its old ally

Thailand Turmoil Resonates in China

Posted by Author on May 20, 2010

Andrew Browne, via The Wall Street Journal –

Television images of bloody class warfare engulfing downtown Bangkok must make for uncomfortable viewing in Zhongnanhai, Beijing’s leadership compound.

Chinese society is no less polarized between rich and poor than Thailand’s. In Beijing, as in Bangkok, the elites flaunt their newly acquired wealth with flashy cars and designer fashions, and stark social inequalities have stoked public anger against power and privilege.

When a rich and well-connected young Thai man deliberately rammed his Mercedes into a crowd of Bangkok bus commuters a few years ago, killing one woman, simmering social tensions burst into the open. A similar tragedy in the Chinese city of Hangzhou, when a wealthy drag car racer knocked over and killed a young man from humble origins, became a parable for social injustice in China.

According to World Bank calculations, the rich-poor gap as measured by the so-called Gini Index is about the same in both countries, making them among the most unequal societies on earth.

The frustrations that drive Thailand’s Red Shirt protesters, mainly poor farmers and urban workers backed by former Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra, also resonate in China.

What must be shocking to China’s leaders is the way the social order in Thailand seems to be so quickly unraveling in the face of challenges that they recognize all too well.

Modern Chinese history has been tumultuous, filled with civil war, colonial invasion, revolution and social upheaval.

By contrast, Thailand has enjoyed relative peace and tranquility. It avoided European colonial rule, and found stability by clinging to tradition. The monarchy has been a strong unifying force, along with Buddhism. Thai society is hierarchical, a pyramid whose apex is the royal family and an inner circle around the court.

The urban elite in Bangkok once counted on rural Thais to know their place in a traditional society. No longer.

So could China go the same way as Thailand? That’s certainly the nightmare that keeps Chinese leaders awake at night, although the Chinese state is unlikely to fracture so easily.

Even though the percentage of the Chinese population living in poverty is much higher than in Thailand, rural Chinese have largely benefited from economic growth. That’s been a big factor underpinning social stability in China. Like Thaksin when he was in power, President Hu Jintao has been wooing the rural populations with a program of expanded healthcare coverage and fiscal giveaways.

Of course, in China the Communist Party brooks no political challenge.
As Chinese leaders survey the color revolutions in countries of the former Soviet Union, and now the Red Shirt rebellion in Thailand, the lesson they take away is that nothing must be allowed to compromise the Party’s monopoly on power. In response to challenges great or small, the Party must clamp down hard.

Still, a series of violent events in China over the past several weeks suggest that social tensions could yet play out in shocking and unpredictable ways. A number of school attacks that have left more than 20 adults and children dead have led even Premier Wen Jiabao to publicly fret about the hidden dangers of an increasingly divided society.

An editorial in the Economic Observer also reflected a growing sense of angst. “Thailand is facing a similar challenge to many Asian countries today: how to bridge the rift between urban and rural, upper and lower levels, the elite and grass-roots,” it said.

The Wall Street Journal

Posted in Asia, China, military, News, Opinion, People, Politics, Social, World | 1 Comment »

Chinese man convicted of smuggling to China sensitive U.S. military communications gear

Posted by Author on May 13, 2010

(Reuters) – A U.S. jury convicted a Chinese national of trying to illegally smuggle to China sensitive communications gear used by the U.S. military and intelligence agencies, the Justice Department said on Wednesday.

Chi Tong Kuok, from Macau, China, was convicted on four counts related to attempting to have the equipment sent to Macau and Hong Kong. The equipment included an encryption device for Internet communications for the U.S. military made under contract by the National Security Agency, prosecutors said.

Additionally, he tried to buy a GPS device used by the U.S. and NATO militaries and a device used by American and NATO forces to load encryption software into their communications devices, they said.

U.S. law bans the export of such devices without permission from the State Department.

A San Diego jury convicted Kuok on all four counts late on Tuesday, including conspiracy to violate U.S. export laws, smuggling, and money laundering. He could face up to 45 years in prison. Sentencing has been scheduled for August 23.

After receiving a tip from a British company in 2006, U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement agents spent three years undercover in a bid to catch Kuok, who used several aliases and e-mail addresses to try to buy the equipment……. (more details from The Reuters)

Posted in Law, military, News, People, Politics, spy, Technology, USA, World | Comments Off on Chinese man convicted of smuggling to China sensitive U.S. military communications gear

White House holds up the release of “provocative” details of China’s military buildup

Posted by Author on April 19, 2010

Bill Gertz, The Washington Times –

The Pentagon is nearly two months late in releasing its 2010 report on China’s military buildup, and defense officials say the White House is holding up the release.

According to the officials, National Security Council aides are opposed to publishing new details on China’s decade-long buildup of new strategic and conventional missiles, aircraft, warships and other high-tech weapons that the White House deems “provocative.”

Instead, NSC aides are insisting on inserting language into the annual “Military Power of the People’s Republic of China” report to highlight U.S.-China military “cooperation.”

Making U.S.-China military cooperation look good in the report is a tough sell, the officials said. China severed military ties with the United States twice in the past two years, first in October 2008 and again earlier this year, to protest U.S. arms sales to Taiwan.

The officials told Inside the Ring that the report is being revised based on a little-noticed change in last year’s Defense Authorization Act that modified what the Pentagon must include in the report.

China’s government for years issued diplomatic protests on the annual reports to Congress, complaining they unfairly portray the Chinese military buildup as a threat to U.S. and allied interests.

In response, the Obama administration is working to remove significant details from the report, such as declassified intelligence on China’s testing of the DF-21 aircraft carrier-killing, anti-ship ballistic missile.

Instead, those new developments will be included in the classified version. The public version, when it is finally released, is expected to be a watered-down, more diplomatic version of past reports, the defense officials said……. (more details from The Washington Times)

Posted in Asia, China, military, News, Politics, USA, World | Comments Off on White House holds up the release of “provocative” details of China’s military buildup

China-linked Cyberspies hacked government offices on several continents, security researchers say

Posted by Author on April 6, 2010

By JOHN MARKOFF and DAVID BARBOZA, New York Times, April 5, 2010-

TORONTO — Turning the tables on a China-based computer espionage gang, Canadian and United States computer security researchers have monitored a spying operation for the past eight months, observing while the intruders pilfered classified and restricted documents from the highest levels of the Indian Defense Ministry.

In a report issued Monday night, the researchers, based at the Munk School of Global Affairs at the University of Toronto, provide a detailed account of how a spy operation it called the Shadow Network systematically hacked into personal computers in government offices on several continents.

The Toronto spy hunters not only learned what kinds of material had been stolen, but were able to see some of the documents, including classified assessments about security in several Indian states, and confidential embassy documents about India’s relationships in West Africa, Russia and the Middle East. The intruders breached the systems of independent analysts, taking reports on several Indian missile systems. They also obtained a year’s worth of the Dalai Lama’s personal e-mail messages.

The intruders even stole documents related to the travel of NATO forces in Afghanistan, illustrating that even though the Indian government was the primary target of the attacks, one chink in computer security can leave many nations exposed.

“It’s not only that you’re only secure as the weakest link in your network,” said Rafal Rohozinski, a member of the Toronto team. “But in an interconnected world, you’re only as secure as the weakest link in the global chain of information.”

As recently as early March, the Indian communications minister, Sachin Pilot, told reporters that government networks had been attacked by China, but that “not one attempt has been successful.” But on March 24, the Toronto researchers said, they contacted intelligence officials in India and told them of the spy ring they had been tracking. They requested and were given instructions on how to dispose of the classified and restricted documents.

Location of Sichuan, China

On Monday, Sitanshu Kar, a spokesman for the Indian Defense Ministry, said officials were “looking into” the report, but had no official statement.

The attacks look like the work of a criminal gang based in Sichuan Province, but as with all cyberattacks, it is easy to mask the true origin, the researchers said. Given the sophistication of the intruders and the targets of the operation, the researchers said, it is possible that the Chinese government approved of the spying. …… (more details from New York Times)

Posted in Asia, Chengdu, China, India, military, News, People, Politics, Sichuan, spy, SW China, World | Comments Off on China-linked Cyberspies hacked government offices on several continents, security researchers say

Military warns of ‘increasingly active’ cyber-threat from China

Posted by Author on March 27, 2010

By Patrick Thibodeau, The Computer World, March 26, 2010 –

Computerworld –  On the same day that Google  Inc. and the GoDaddy Group Inc. complained about China to a congressional committee, U.S. Navy Admiral Robert Willard appeared before the U.S. House Armed Services Committee with an even stronger warning about cyber-threats posed by China.

Willard’s comments about China received little press attention but were stronger than anything said by either company.

“U.S. military and government networks and computer systems continue to be the target of intrusions that appear to have originated from within the PRC (People’s Republic of China),” said Willard.

He said that most of the intrusions are focused on acquiring data “but the skills being demonstrated would also apply to network attacks.”

Willard testified on the military’s operations in its Pacific command, which he said “faces increasingly active and sophisticated threats to our information and computer infrastructure.”

“These threats challenge our ability to operate freely in the cyber commons, which in turn challenges our ability to conduct operations during peacetime and in times of crisis,” Willard said in prepared remarks (PDF document). He said the military was responding in near real-time to threats.

It’s not just the military saying that the cyber-threats coming from China are on the rise. Appearing before the Congressional-Executive Commission on China Thursday, Christine Jones, an executive vice president and general counsel at domain registration giant GoDaddy, said that “in the first three months of this year, we have repelled dozens of extremely serious DDoS attacks that appear to have originated in China.”…… (more details from The Computer World)

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China’s increased military power causes south-east Asian countries to step up defence purchases

Posted by Author on March 22, 2010

By Kathrin Hille in Beijing and Tim Johnston in Bangkok, The Financial Times-

Military analysts are warning that China’s increased regional power has caused its south-east Asian neighbours to step up their own defence purchases, raising the prospect that territorial disputes in the South China Sea could turn violent.

Siemon Wezeman, a senior fellow at the arms transfers programme at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (Sipri), said that several south-east Asian countries had “dramatically” stepped up their purchases of submarines, fighter aircraft, and long-range missiles in recent years.

“While south-east Asian governments . . . still don’t openly voice concerns over China, they think about it, and they are making a statement with what they are buying,” he said. “Fifteen years ago, there were the same conflicting claims in the South China Sea but the countries didn’t have the means to enforce their claims. Now, the moment somebody hits oil there, things might look very dangerous.”

Many of south-east Asia’s militaries are trying to catch up on purchases they deferred several years earlier as their countries were reeling from the Asian financial crisis.

They are driven by a mix of domestic, subregional and larger strategic considerations, and most governments have yet directly to name China as a concern.

However, the Chinese navy has recently built a submarine base on Hainan Island, at the top of the disputed waters of the South China Sea, where it has a territorial dispute with the surrounding littoral states – Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam – over the potentially resource-rich Spratly and Paracel archipelagos.

According to data to be released by Sipri today, Indonesia’s arms imports between 2005 and 2009 grew 84 per cent compared with the preceding five years, Singapore’s increased by 146 per cent, and Malaysia’s rocketed by 722 per cent.

Singapore added six frigates and 32 fighter aircraft over the past five years and ordered two submarines and 12 more fighters. Malaysia took delivery of two submarines, six frigates and 26 fighter aircraft. Indonesia imported four frigates and four fighter aircraft and ordered three more.

“Vietnam and Thailand are lagging behind, but both have placed orders recently to be delivered in the coming years,” Mr Wezeman said. This includes six fighter aircraft and one early-warning aircraft for Thailand and six submarines, two frigates and eight fighter aircraft for Vietnam.

Singapore’s concern is over the impact of the shift in the balance of power in the region, said Tim Huxley of the International Institute for Strategic Studies in Singapore. “The real problem is the huge discrepancy in power between China and the south-east Asian nations.” (by The Financial Times)

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China now has better fighter jets than Taiwan, military report says

Posted by Author on March 9, 2010

TAIPEI — China now has better fighter jets than Taiwan, according to a military report by the island’s defence ministry as the air force Monday renewed its bid to obtain new F-16s from the United States.

Of the three types of fighter jets in Taiwan’s air force, only the F-16A/Bs have a slight edge over the Chinese aircraft, the report by the defence ministry found, the Liberty Times newspaper said Monday.

The island’s Indigenous Defensive Fighters (IDF) and French-made Mirage 2000-5s were both inferior to the Russian-made Su-30s deployed by China, it said.

The report came as Taiwan’s air force command renewed its bid to procure more F-16s from the United States.

“As the Chinese communist air force continues with its military buildup and the military balance has gradually tipped towards the other side, the air force will strive to purchase F-16 C/Ds,” it said in a statement.

Analysts have said they doubt Washington would risk angering Beijing by approving the sale of more sensitive items such as the more advanced F-16 C/Ds.

The United States in January approved a 6.4 billion-dollar arms package to Taiwan, prompting Beijing to halt military exchanges and security talks with Washington.

The deal included Patriot missiles, Black Hawk helicopters and equipment for Taiwan’s F-16 fleet, but no submarines or new fighter aircraft that Taipei had requested.

In a report earlier this year, the US government’s Defense Intelligence Agency pointed out the weakness of Taiwan’s air force in the face of China’s fast expanding military buildup.

“Although Taiwan has nearly 400 combat aircraft in service, far fewer of these are operationally capable,” said the unclassified report, which was published in January but has only now been leaked to the press.

Taiwan’s air force consists of some 60 ageing F-5s, 126 IDFs, 146 F-16A/Bs and 56 Mirages……. (more details from AFP)

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Statements by China military officials raises threat concerns

Posted by Author on March 5, 2010

By Bill Gertz, The Washington Times, Mar. 5, 2010-

Recent statements by Chinese military officials are raising concerns among U.S. analysts that the communist government in Beijing is shifting its oft-stated “peaceful rise” policy toward an aggressive, anti-U.S. posture.

The most recent sign appeared with the publication of a government-approved book by Senior Col. Liu Mingfu that urges China to “sprint” toward becoming the world’s most powerful state.

“Although this book is one of many by a senior colonel, it certainly challenges the thesis of many U.S. China-watchers that the People’s Liberation Army’s rapid military growth is not designed to challenge the United States as a global power or the U.S. military,” said Larry M. Wortzel, a China affairs specialist who until recently was co-chairman of the congressional U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission.

A Reuters report on Col. Liu’s book, “The China Dream,” appeared Tuesday in the Communist Party newspaper People’s Daily. It quoted the book as stating China and the United States are in “competition to be the leading country, a conflict over who rises and falls to dominate the world.”

Mr. Wortzel said the statements in the book contradict those of former President Jiang Zemin and other Chinese leaders who said China’s rise to prominence in the 21st century would be peaceful. They also carry political weight because the book was published by the Chinese military.

The book was released after calls by other Chinese military officials to punish the United States for policies toward Taiwan, U.S. criticism of China’s lack of Internet freedom and U.S. support for the exiled Tibetan leader Dalai Lama.

One official, Maj. Gen. Luo Yuan, called for using economic warfare against the U.S. over arms sales to Taiwan and urged selling off some of China’s $750 billion in holdings of U.S. debt securities.

China’s military also recently cut off military exchanges with the Pentagon after the announcement of a $6.4 billion sale of helicopters and missiles to Taiwan.

Asked about Col. Liu’s book, State Department spokesman P.J. Crowley said it would be wrong for China to view itself as a U.S. competitor. For the 21st century, U.S.-China relations are the most important ties in the world and “it is a mistake to see the relationship in zero-sum terms,” Mr. Crowley said.

The Washington Times

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Senior Army Officer Says China Should Topple the U.S. As the Global “Champion”

Posted by Author on February 28, 2010

Chris Buckley (BEIJING), Reuters, Sun Feb 28, 2010 –

BEIJING (Reuters) – China should build the world’s strongest military and move swiftly to topple the United States as the global “champion,” a senior Chinese PLA officer says in a new book reflecting swelling nationalist ambitions.

The call for China to abandon modesty about its global goals and “sprint to become world number one” comes from a People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Senior Colonel, Liu Mingfu, who warns that his nation’s ascent will alarm Washington, risking war despite Beijing’s hopes for a “peaceful rise.”

“China’s big goal in the 21st century is to become world number one, the top power,” Liu writes in his newly published Chinese-language book, “The China Dream.”

“If China in the 21st century cannot become world number one, cannot become the top power, then inevitably it will become a straggler that is cast aside,” writes Liu, a professor at the elite National Defense University, which trains rising officers.

His 303-page book stands out for its boldness even in a recent chorus of strident Chinese voices demanding a hard shove back against Washington over trade, Tibet, human rights, and arms sales to Taiwan, the self-ruled island Beijing claims as its own.

“As long as China seeks to rise to become world number one … then even if China is even more capitalist than the U.S., the U.S. will still be determined to contain it,” writes Liu.

Rivalry between the two powers is a “competition to be the leading country, a conflict over who rises and falls to dominate the world,” says Liu. “To save itself, to save the world, China must prepare to become the (world’s) helmsman.”…… (Reuters)

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Google Attacks Came From One China University and One School With Close Ties to Military

Posted by Author on February 18, 2010

By JOHN MARKOFF and DAVID BARBOZA, The New York Times, February 18, 2010 –

— A series of online attacks on Google and dozens of other American corporations have been traced to computers at two educational institutions in China, including one with close ties to the Chinese military, say people involved in the investigation.

They also said the attacks, aimed at stealing trade secrets and computer codes and capturing e-mail of Chinese human rights activists, may have begun as early as April, months earlier than previously believed. Google announced on Jan. 12 that it and other companies had been subjected to sophisticated attacks that probably came from China.

Computer security experts, including investigators from the National Security Agency, have been working since then to pinpoint the source of the attacks. Until recently, the trail had led only to servers in Taiwan.

If supported by further investigation, the findings raise as many questions as they answer, including the possibility that some of the attacks came from China but not necessarily from the Chinese government, or even from Chinese sources.

Tracing the attacks further back, to an elite Chinese university and a vocational school, is a breakthrough in a difficult task. Evidence acquired by a United States military contractor that faced the same attacks as Google has even led investigators to suspect a link to a specific computer science class, taught by a Ukrainian professor at the vocational school.

The revelations were shared by the contractor at a meeting of computer security specialists.

The Chinese schools involved are Shanghai Jiaotong University and the Lanxiang Vocational School, according to several people with knowledge of the investigation who asked for anonymity because they were not authorized to discuss the inquiry.

Jiaotong has one of China’s top computer science programs. Just a few weeks ago its students won an international computer programming competition organized by I.B.M. — the “Battle of the Brains” — beating out Stanford and other top-flight universities.

Lanxiang, in east China’s Shandong Province, is a huge vocational school that was established with military support and trains some computer scientists for the military. The school’s computer network is operated by a company with close ties to Baidu, the dominant search engine in China and a competitor of Google……. (more details from The New York Times)

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China see U.S. debt as weapon in Taiwan dispute

Posted by Author on February 11, 2010

By Bill Gertz, via Washington Times, Feb. 10, 2010-

China’s military stepped up pressure on the United States on Monday by calling for a government sell-off of U.S. debt securities in retaliation for recent arms sales to Taiwan.

A group of senior Chinese military officers also said in state-controlled media interviews that Beijing’s leaders should boost defense spending and expand force deployments in the wake of the Pentagon’s announcement last month of a new $6.4 million arms package for the island state claimed by Beijing.

Senior officers from the Chinese National Defense University and Academy of Military Sciences made what some view as an economic warfare threat, something outlined in past military writings.

The comments by Maj. Gen. Zhu Chenghu and Maj. Gen. Luo Yuan and Senior Col. Ke Chunqiao appeared in the state-run Outlook Weekly magazine, part of the Xinhua News Agency, published in Beijing on Monday.

Gen. Luo warned that China could attack the U.S. “by oblique means and stealthy feints,” and he called for retaliation for the arms sale.

“For example, we could sanction them using economic means, such as dumping some U.S. government bonds,” Gen. Luo said.

“Our retaliation should not be restricted to merely military matters, and we should adopt a strategic package of counterpunches covering politics, military affairs, diplomacy and economics to treat both the symptoms and root cause of this disease,” said Gen. Luo, a researcher at the Academy of Military Sciences.

China holds nearly $800 billion worth of Treasury debt securities. It is not clear what impact selling off some of the securities would have on the struggling U.S. economy. However, analysts say that selling off some bonds could drive up interest rates and disrupt U.S. economic recovery efforts.

At the State Department, spokesman P.J. Crowley dismissed the economic threat as potentially self-defeating. “That would be biting the nose to spite the face,” Mr. Crowley said. “The economies of the United States and China are intertwined.”

The Chinese military comments, however, reflect the contents of a 1999 book by two Chinese colonels called “Unrestricted Warfare,” which called on the Chinese military to adopt unconventional methods and strategy in waging war, specifically both “financial” and “trade” war along with other forms of warfare.

The second officer, Gen. Zhu, said Monday that proposed U.S. arms sales to Taiwan threatens Chinese military bases along the southern coast across the 100-mile Taiwan Strait. “This gives us no choice but to increase defense spending and adjust [military] deployments,” said Gen. Zhu, who is with the National Defense University in Beijing.

Gen. Zhu made headlines in 2005 when he told reporters that China would use nuclear weapons to attack U.S. cities if the United States struck China with precision-guided conventional missiles.

The statement raised questions at the time among Pentagon officials over whether China had abandoned its stated policy of not being the first to use nuclear weapons in a conflict.

After the remarks, China’s government sought to play down the incident by quietly putting out word to Western journalists that Gen. Zhu had been demoted, a claim accepted by many U.S. China hands but one that was called into question by his comments in the magazine this week.

The military leaders’ comments are unusual because tightly controlled state-run media in China normally do not permit such provocative comments directly criticizing the United States to be published……. (more details from the Washington Times)

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