Status of Chinese People

About China and Chinese people's living condition

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    1. A China More Just, Gao Zhisheng
    2.Officially Sanctioned Crime in China, He Qinglian
    3.
    Will the Boat Sink the Water? Chen Guidi, Wu Chuntao
    4.
    Losing the New China, Ethan Gutmann
    5.
    Nine Commentaries on The Communist Party, the Epochtimes
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    Reporters Without Borders said in it’s 2005 special report titled “Xinhua: the world’s biggest propaganda agency”, that “Xinhua remains the voice of the sole party”, “particularly during the SARS epidemic, Xinhua has for last few months been putting out news reports embarrassing to the government, but they are designed to fool the international community, since they are not published in Chinese.”
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Archive for the ‘Birth control’ Category

birth control

Obama Should Tell Wen to Stop the ‘Gendercide’, Advocates Say

Posted by Author on September 24, 2010


By Matthew Robertson, Epoch Times Staff, Sep. 24 –

WASHINGTON, D.C.— Before Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao leaves the U.S., human rights activists say President Obama should bring up a topic that is as important as it is underreported: the systematic destruction of tens of millions of unborn babies, overwhelmingly female.

It began on Sept. 25, 1980, almost 30 years ago to the day. After two years of policy formulation, the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party promulgated its plan to launch a one-size-fits-all approach to reproduction, the coercive family planning scheme known as the one-child policy.

The architects of the policy were actually elite scientists in the military establishment—at that time in China almost all science was military science—who applied theories of cybernetics to disputed sociological theories from the West, redefining China’s population problem along the lines of the hard science of complex machine systems. The result was a radical solution to the perceived “overpopulation” problem, led by one of China’s leading strategic weaponeers, according to the extensive research of Dr. Susan Greenhalgh from the Univeristy of California, Irvine…….(more details from The Epochtimes)

Posted in Birth control, China, Health, Life, News, Official, People, Politics, Social, Wen Jiabao, World | Comments Off on Obama Should Tell Wen to Stop the ‘Gendercide’, Advocates Say

Continued Human Rights’ Violations in China

Posted by Author on April 23, 2010


Written by Raven Clabough, Via The New American, 22 April 2010 –

China never fails to top itself when it comes to human rights violations. Even as Michael Moore attempts to defend communist regimes, world-wide media networks continue to report on the harsh practices of the Communist Chinese government, most recently forced sterilizations of Puning County parents and the torture of Falun Gong practitioners.

Times online reports that China intends to sterilize nearly 10,000 parents in Puning County who have violated the one-child rule. Puning County, with a population of 2.2 million, is the most populated county in the country. Jane Macartney of The Times claims that the sterilization campaign was launched on April 7 and is expected to last 20 days.

A Daba village doctor reported that he and his team would be in charge of completing the sterilizations, beginning at 8 am every morning and lasting until approximately 4 a.m. the next day.

Under current regulations, families in Puning County who break the one-child rule are already punished in a variety of ways.  They are not permitted to buy homes, and the “illegal” children are not permitted to receive residency registration, which in turn denies them healthcare and education as well. Macartney writes, “Authorities have discovered, however, that those methods have less success than rounding up relatives.”

Zhang Lizhao knows something about this favored method. He and his wife were forced to rush home to undergo sterilization in order for Lizhao’s brother to be freed from detention. While in detention, detainees are exposed to government rhetoric on the necessity of adhering to family-size laws. Currently, 1,300 people are held in detention as a means to force families to succumb to sterilization. Thousands of Puning County residents have undergone this treatment by authorities.

While Chinese government officials claim to be investigating this matter, asserting that authorities are not permitted to punish families without authorization, or detain residents as pressure tactics, the strict “one couple, one child” government policy has led to a variety of human rights’ violations, though the number of incidents have reputedly decreased in recent years. These include forced late-term abortions, and the murder of newborn babies.

It’s likely that the officials’ promises of investigation are false, as an official from the Puning Population and Family Planning Bureau has admitted to Macartney, “It’s not uncommon for family planning authorities to adopt some tough tactics.”

Until now, Puning was a “refuge” of sorts for families who have more than one child, since it is rural and generally outside of government surveillance. Unfortunately, the increased number of large families in the county has prompted Puning officials to adopt such harsh measures in order to remain eligible for their “bid for promotion to a second-tier county.” One of the measurements for this desirable status is whether the county meets the government limit for family size.

Despite the shocking nature of these abuses, policies like these are reminiscent of American eugenics supporter Margaret Sanger.  Her decision to open Planned Parenthood was motivated by principles similar to that of the Puning authorities. Yet, Sanger’s motivations and the Puning sterilizations have remained relatively unreported in the American mainstream media.

Of course, human rights violations in China are nothing new. For 20 years, the religious group known as the Falun Gong has undergone suppression, even torture, at the hands of the Chinese government, who claim that Falun Gong is a cult in order to justify the government’s crackdown on the organization. (The American mainstream media have taken at least a paragraph from the same playbook, painting the Tea Party movement as extremists, likely with the same intent of silencing the group.)

In truth, the Chinese government is aware that Falun Gong is not a cult, but the governmentis threatened by the large number of Falun Gong practitioners, as it is the only group whose membership outnumbers that of the Communist Party in China, according to a 1999 U.S. News and World Report. In addition to the overwhelming size of the organization, the Communist Chinese government has a reputation for religious intolerance. The Globe and Mail wrote, “Any group that does not come under the control of the Party is a threat”.

To counter this threat, the government resorted to psychiatric torture of Falun Gong members, using nerve-damaging chemicals. They have utilized starvation of imprisoned practitioners, forced abortions, and other physical abuses like burning with irons. The Washington Post, in a 2001 article written by John Pomfret and Philip Pan, exposed torture of Falun Gong members.

The United Nations Human Rights Council and the Falun Gong Human Rights Working Group are working together with the Conscience Foundation to stop the torture of the Falun Gong practitioners. The success of this alliance remains to be seen.

The Chinese government continues to commit human rights abuses regularly. Yet Michael Moore has not been inspired to create a documentary criticizing the Communist Chinese government. He continues to assert “capitalism is evil.”  Go figure!  (From The New American)

Posted in Birth control, China, Falun Gong, Health, Human Rights, Law, Life, News, People, Politics, Social, World | Comments Off on Continued Human Rights’ Violations in China

War on baby girls- Gendercide in China

Posted by Author on March 4, 2010


Mar 4th 2010, From The Economist print edition-

XINRAN XUE, a Chinese writer, describes visiting a peasant family in the Yimeng area of Shandong province. The wife was giving birth. “We had scarcely sat down in the kitchen”, she writes (see article), “when we heard a moan of pain from the bedroom next door…The cries from the inner room grew louder—and abruptly stopped. There was a low sob, and then a man’s gruff voice said accusingly: ‘Useless thing!’

“Suddenly, I thought I heard a slight movement in the slops pail behind me,” Miss Xinran remembers. “To my absolute horror, I saw a tiny foot poking out of the pail. The midwife must have dropped that tiny baby alive into the slops pail! I nearly threw myself at it, but the two policemen [who had accompanied me] held my shoulders in a firm grip. ‘Don’t move, you can’t save it, it’s too late.’

“‘But that’s…murder…and you’re the police!’ The little foot was still now. The policemen held on to me for a few more minutes. ‘Doing a baby girl is not a big thing around here,’ [an] older woman said comfortingly. ‘That’s a living child,’ I said in a shaking voice, pointing at the slops pail. ‘It’s not a child,’ she corrected me. ‘It’s a girl baby, and we can’t keep it. Around these parts, you can’t get by without a son. Girl babies don’t count.’”

In January 2010 the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) showed what can happen to a country when girl babies don’t count. Within ten years, the academy said, one in five young men would be unable to find a bride because of the dearth of young women—a figure unprecedented in a country at peace.

The number is based on the sexual discrepancy among people aged 19 and below. According to CASS, China in 2020 will have 30m-40m more men of this age than young women. For comparison, there are 23m boys below the age of 20 in Germany, France and Britain combined and around 40m American boys and young men. So within ten years, China faces the prospect of having the equivalent of the whole young male population of America, or almost twice that of Europe’s three largest countries, with little prospect of marriage, untethered to a home of their own and without the stake in society that marriage and children provide.

Gendercide—to borrow the title of a 1985 book by Mary Anne Warren—is often seen as an unintended consequence of China’s one-child policy, or as a product of poverty or ignorance. But that cannot be the whole story. The surplus of bachelors—called in China guanggun, or “bare branches”— seems to have accelerated between 1990 and 2005, in ways not obviously linked to the one-child policy, which was introduced in 1979. And, as is becoming clear, the war against baby girls is not confined to China……. (more details from Economist)

Posted in Birth control, Children, China, Health, Human Rights, Life, News, People, Politics, Social, Women, World | 2 Comments »

Mountains Move Easier Than the Chinese Communist Party

Posted by Author on August 30, 2007


By Frank Ching, Special to The China Post, Taiwan, August 29, 2007-

There’s a Chinese saying that says “It is easier to move a mountain than change a person’s nature.” This is similar to the English expression that a zebra cannot change its stripes.

Time and again, the Chinese authorities through their actions have confirmed the truth of the saying. They just did it again a few days ago when they stopped the wife of a blind activist serving a prison term from leaving the country.

The activist, Chen Guangcheng, who has been blind since childhood and studied law on his own in order to help farmers with grievances to file court cases, is in prison after he documented cases of forced abortions and other abuses by officials in Shandong province.

He was jailed on what appeared to be trumped-up charges of damaging property and organizing a mob to disturb traffic. In recognition of his “irrepressible passion for justice in leading ordinary Chinese citizens to assert their legitimate rights under the law,” Chen was chosen to receive the 2007 Ramon Magsaysay Award for Emergent Leadership.

Since he was behind bars, his wife, Yuan Weijing, decided to go to Manila to receive the award on his behalf. However, before she could board the plane, police apparently barred her passage from Shandong’s Linyi region, removed her baggage from the plane and confiscated her passport.

These officials did not provide any reason for denying her the right to travel. No doubt they did not want her to publicize the case of her husband, which would only further embarrass the provincial authorities.

But they do not seem to realize that by doing so, they will bring international opprobrium down on China — not just Shandong province. By trying to shield themselves, they are hurting the nation, showing the world that China is not a country where the rule of law is respected.

This behavior is consistent with China’s treatment of other individuals in the country who have distinguished themselves. In 2004, the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service was given to Dr. Jiang Yanyong in recognition of “his brave stand for truth in China, spurring life-saving measures to confront and contain the deadly threat of SARS.”

While the SARS virus was spreading in China in late 2002 and 2003, the Chinese government was covering up the severity of the epidemic. It was Dr. Jiang who leaked the information to Western news agencies. When Western countries put pressure on China, Beijing fired the minister of public health and took steps to deal with the epidemic, preventing it from reaching pandemic proportions.

Needless to say, Dr. Jiang was prevented from leaving the country to receive the justly earned award. China did not want the world to be reminded of its cover-up, an act that led to the deaths of hundreds of people outside the mainland.

The elderly physician Gao Yaojie, now 79 years old, has had an even worse experience. She embarrassed authorities in Henan province by exposing how HIV was spread in the province through illegal blood sales. In 2001, she was awarded the Jonathan Mann Award for Global Health and Human Rights, but was put under house arrest and prevented from receiving the award. In 2003, she was honored with the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Public Service and again prevented from receiving it.

This year, she was chosen by Vital Voices Global Partnership, a nonprofit group, to receive its 2007 Global Women’s Leadership Award for Human Rights. Again, the provincial authorities put her under house arrest.

It was only after Senator Hillary Clinton intervened that Beijing allowed Ms. Gao go to leave the country to receive the richly deserved award. At the time, she said that the situation in China was improving, since for the first time she was actually allowed to receive an award.

However, with the latest incident involving the wife of Chen Guangcheng, it would appear that the situation in China has not improved. Local officials are still doing everything possible to keep embarrassing information from coming out, and are willing to go to great lengths to achieve this, embarrassing the country as a result.

In the meantime, the central government is simply sitting on its hands by allowing local officials to abuse their power and punish upright citizens, the cream of Chinese society. This is a sad commentary on China, its ruling Communist party, and on the sense of values (or lack thereof) on the part of the Chinese government.

– original report from China Post: Mountains move easier than China

Posted in Activist, AIDS, Beijing, Birth control, Central China, Chen Guangcheng, China, Commentary, Communist Party, East China, Freedom of Speech, Health, Henan, Human Rights, Law, medical, News, Opinion, People, Politics, Shandong, Social, Spiritual, World | Comments Off on Mountains Move Easier Than the Chinese Communist Party

6 Chinese University Scholars’ Open Letter Demanding Human Rights Before Beijing Olympics

Posted by Author on August 21, 2007


The Epoch Times, Aug 20, 2007-

Six university scholars in China wrote an open letter to the communist regime on Aug. 14, demanding human rights compliance before the 2008 Olympics. Their letter follows:

The spirit of the Olympics is peace, justice, democracy, and the sanctity of human rights. The 2008 Olympics will be held in Beijing. We maintain, however, that the Chinese government must improve human rights conditions in China. A government that cannot safeguard its citizens’ basic human rights has no [moral] right to sponsor the Olympics.

Subsequently, we are presenting an eightfold proposal to the Chinese government for the improvement of human rights in China:

1. Release political and religious prisoners. Cease political and religious persecution.

2. Abolish the labor-camp system in China. The system allows the government to deprive citizens of their human rights without observing due process under the law. Millions of Chinese citizens have been imprisoned in labor camps over the past 50 years.

3. End newspaper censorship. Insure freedom of speech and of the press. Stop blocking and interfering with foreign media. Abolish the policy of prohibiting people from installing satellite TV antennae.

4. Abolish the violent “one-child” policy. This policy gravely violates the human rights of women, infants, and other family members.

5. Review cases of injustice. Many unjust cases in China have not been vindicated. The victims and their family members have endured injustice and suffering for years.

The foremost aberrations of justice should be immediately vindicated, such as those relating to the 1989 Tiananmen Square Democratic Movement, Falun Gong, the Anti-Rightist Movement, violently enforced birth control, and the like.

6. Resolutely implement the Property Rights Law, and stop the barbaric demolition of private property and other abuses of owners’ rights.

7. Stop depriving the Chinese people of the right to legally leave and enter China. At present, many Chinese people are restricted from leaving or entering China, based solely on their political views and their beliefs.

8. Abolish torture. All torture methods existing in China should be banned

9. If the Chinese government does not resolve all the forgoing problems, all law-abiding people in China and throughout the world must boycott the Beijing Olympics.

[signed:]

Shi Ruoping (Shandong University)

Li Changyu (Shandong University)

Sun Wenguang (Shandong University)

Hu Fengdazzle (Jiao Tong University)

Teng Biao (China University of Political Science and Law)

Wang Yi (Chengdu University)

Aug. 14, 2007

– Original report : Chinese Scholars Demand Human Rights Before Olympics

Posted in Beijing, Beijing Olympics, Birth control, censorship, Chengdu, China, East China, Event, Freedom of Belief, Freedom of Speech, Health, Human Rights, intellectual, Labor camp, Law, Media, News, People, Politics, Religion, Shandong, Sichuan, Social, Sports, SW China, World | Comments Off on 6 Chinese University Scholars’ Open Letter Demanding Human Rights Before Beijing Olympics

China Stops Crude Slogans Not The Policy of Birth Control

Posted by Author on August 5, 2007


BBC News, 5 August 2007-

China has decided to tone down some of the slogans used to promote its one-child policy, in a bid to make them sound less threatening.

Some posters used in rural areas will be banned, such as one which read “One more baby means one more tomb.”

A list of 190 acceptable slogans is being issued instead.

Chinese authorities believe the strong language of some slogans is harming the image of the one-child policy, in place since 1979 to limit population growth.

The official Xinhua news agency explained the decision of the National Population and Family Planning Commission as “an effort to win more understanding to the country’s population control policy.”

Largest population

It gave examples of “low quality” slogans posted on rural banners or the internet: “Raise fewer babies but more piggies“, “Houses toppled, cows confiscated, if abortion demand rejected” and “One more baby means one more tomb.”

Among the new slogans recommended are “The mother earth is too tired to sustain more children” and “Both boys and girls are parents’ hearts.”

China’s 28-year-old family planning policy limits most urban couples to just one child and allows some families in the countryside to have a second child if their first is a girl.

Critics say it has led to forced abortions, sterilizations and a dangerously imbalanced sex ratio due to a traditional preference for male heirs, which has prompted some families to abort female foetuses in the hope of getting boys.

China has the largest population in the world – 1.3bn in 2005 – and says its policies have helped limit its growth rate.

– original report from BBC News: China cleans up one-child slogans 

Posted in Birth control, China, Family, Forced Abortion, Health, Human Rights, Law, Life, News, People, Politics, Rural, Social, Women | 2 Comments »

Jailed Blind China Activist Wins Asian Nobel Award

Posted by Author on August 1, 2007


Reuters, Jul 31, 2007- cheng guangcheng 1

MANILA (Reuters) – A blind Chinese activist who is serving a four-year prison term after exposing forced abortions and sterilisation in northern China in 2005 was awarded on Tuesday Asia’s equivalent of the Nobel prize.

The Manila-based Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation named Chen Guangcheng as one of seven winners this year, citing his “irrepressible passion for justice in leading ordinary Chinese citizens to assert their legitimate rights under the law.”

Chen was sentenced to four years and three months’ jail last year for disrupting traffic and damaging property, charges his wife and critics say were concocted by officials angry at his exposure of forced late-term abortions in his hometown in Shandong province.

Chen, blind since childhood, was convicted in a closed-door trial in which even his lawyers were not allowed access.

He is known as a self-taught “barefoot lawyer” for providing legal advice to peasants who say they have been victimised by official abuses.

The Ramon Magsaysay Award Foundation, named for a popular Philippine president killed in a plane crash, was set up in 1957 by the trustees of the New York-based Rockefeller Brothers Fund.

Nearly 250 people and 16 groups, including the U.S. Peace Corps and the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, have been recognized by the awards body since the first awards in 1958.

The awards, based on six categories, are given yearly to individuals and groups in Asia. ( …… more details from Reuters report)

Posted in Activist, Asia, Birth control, Chen Guangcheng, China, East China, Event, Health, Human Rights, Law, News, People, Shandong, Social, World | 2 Comments »

China: 1 Province 2,000 Officials Break Birth-control Rule

Posted by Author on July 11, 2007


By Chris Xia, BBC News, 8 July 2007-

Authorities in the Chinese province of Hunan say that nearly 2,000 officials broke the ban on having more than one child, in the years 2000-2005.

The Chinese government announced earlier this year that fines for breaking the one-child law were to be increased for the rich and the famous.

They have apparently been brazenly flouting the rules, because they are able to pay the financial penalties.

The authorities are aware that for ordinary people this is galling.

They are forced to comply with the law, and this fuels anger at the growing levels of privilege for the select few in modern China.

Now the revelation that so many officials in Hunan have been breaking the rules is likely to heighten resentment against the all-powerful Communist Party.

Some of the breaches of the one-child policy only came to light during corruption investigations.

One legislator had four children by four different mistresses.

The official Xinhua news agency said some officials had not been adequately punished for their birth-control crimes.

It argued that this failure to enforce the law within its own ranks had led to the decrease in the government’s ability to enforce its birth-control policy.

– original report from BBC News: China officials break child rule

Posted in Birth control, Children, China, corruption, Health, Law, Life, News, Official, People, Social | Comments Off on China: 1 Province 2,000 Officials Break Birth-control Rule

Leading Chinese Blind Rights defender Beaten in Prison

Posted by Author on June 22, 2007


Amnesty International, 21 June 2007-

cheng guangcheng 1Jailed human rights defender Chen Guangcheng was severely beaten by other prisoners on the orders of prison guards on 16 June, and denied medical treatment. He has begun a hunger strike in protest, refusing water as well as food. Amnesty International believes his life is in danger, and that he is at risk of further torture and ill-treatment.

His wife visited him at the Linyi City Prison on 19 June. He told her that after he refused to have his head shaved, six other prisoners had pushed him to the floor, encouraged by prison guards, and hit and kicked him hard. He said his ribs hurt and thought one might be broken. He began his hunger strike that day.

He said he was being punished for “being disobedient” due to his insistence on filing an appeal to the provincial higher court.

Since Chen Guangcheng has been blind since birth he requires the assistance of his lawyer or his wife to help him draft his appeal. However the prison authorities have refused to permit either his lawyer or his wife to visit him for longer than 30 minutes per month, making it impossible for Chen Guangcheng to prepare an appeal.

The prison authorities have refused his family’s request to give him medical attention, including an X-ray to check for broken bones.

Chen Guangcheng is a self-taught lawyer. He helped villagers to take legal action against the Linyi city authorities, who had allegedly been forcing women to have abortions so as to meet birth quotas set by central government. He had been under house arrest since September 2005. (See UA 271/05, ASA 17/037/2005, 14 October 2005 and follow-ups.)

In August 2006, after a grossly unfair trial, he was sentenced to four years and three months in prison for “damaging public property and gathering people to block traffic”.

Amnesty International considers him a prisoner of conscience, jailed solely for his peaceful activities in defence of human rights.

BACKGROUND INFORMATION

Chen Guangcheng is one example of a disturbing pattern of Chinese lawyers and activists being subjected to conviction and imprisonment after unfair trials.

The pattern continues despite promises by the Chinese authorities to improve human rights in the run-up to the Beijing Olympics in August 2008.

Despite several measures introduced to curb the practice, torture and ill-treatment remain widespread in China. Common methods include kicking, beating, electric shocks, suspension by the arms, shackling in painful positions and sleep and food-deprivation.

Amnesty International remains deeply concerned that human rights defenders who attempt to report more widely on violations, challenge policies which are deemed politically sensitive or try to rally others to their cause face serious risk of abuse.

– original from Amnesty International : China: Torture/Medical concern/Prisoner of conscience, Chen Guangcheng (m)

Posted in Activist, Birth control, Chen Guangcheng, China, East China, Human Rights, Law, Lawyer, News, People, Shandong, Social, Torture, Women | 1 Comment »

5 Newborns Found in Stolen Car in Northern China

Posted by Author on June 8, 2007


Reuters, Wed Jun 6, 2007-

BEIJING (Reuters) – Chinese police have found five babies abandoned in the back of a stolen car and have no idea who they are but suspect they may have been kidnapped, state media reported on Wednesday.

Officers in the northern province of Hebei flagged down a “suspicious” black car in the early hours of Sunday and two men inside, brandishing knives, fled the scene.

Police found the babies, three boys and two girls about 10 days old, in the back, newspapers said.

Police later found the car had been stolen in Shanghai but belonged to somebody from the eastern province of Zhejiang, the Beijing Youth Daily said.

At least one of the male babies could have been taken from a hospital in Zhejiang provincial capital Hangzhou, it added, and DNA samples had been sent to Hebei.

The babies were in good health and being looked after in a local hospital, the newspaper said.

The kidnapping for sale of children, and women, is a nationwide problem in China.

Stringent rules on family planning allow most couples to have just one child, at least in cities. The restrictions have bolstered a traditional bias for male offspring, seen as the mainstay for elderly parents, and have resulted in abortions, killings or abandonment of baby girls.

original report from Reuters

Posted in Birth control, Children, China, Family, Hebei, Law, Life, News, North China, People, Social | Comments Off on 5 Newborns Found in Stolen Car in Northern China

Forced Abortion Chinese Victims Can Get Asylum in US

Posted by Author on June 8, 2007


BBC News, Thursday, 7 June 2007-

Women who have been forced to have abortions will be eligible to seek asylum in the US along with their partners, a court has ruled.

The court in California was ruling on the case of Chinese bookkeeper Li Zhen.

It decided she and her partner could stay to apply for asylum as the company they worked for in China forced her to have an abortion.

The judges likened the case to forced sterilisation – already grounds for asylum in the US.

The 9th US Circuit Court of Appeals decided the same protection should be applied to those who have been forced to undergo abortions.

“Both forms of persecution have serious, ongoing effects,” the court in San Francisco said.

“We see no way to distinguish between the victims of forced sterilisation and the victims of forced abortion.”

Overstayed

Li Zhen fell pregnant in 1980 and the company she and her partner, carpenter Tang Zizhi, worked for in China ordered her to have an abortion because they were not married at the time.

Mr Tang testified that Ms Li cried and screamed but the abortion went ahead.

A decade later the couple were sent to work in the US territory of Guam and overstayed their visa.

The US government tried to deport them but they appealed, calling the abortion persecution.

An immigration court disagreed, finding that the abortion was not forced because Ms Li did not try to go into hiding after she was ordered to undergo the procedure.

The appeal judges overruled that decision, saying both forced sterilisation and forced abortion inflicted pain, psychological trauma and shame.

original report from BBC

Posted in Birth control, China, Family, Forced Abortion, Health, Human Rights, Law, News, People, Politics, Social, USA, Women, World | 1 Comment »

Riot Spread To More Townships in South China Over One-child Policy

Posted by Author on May 30, 2007


By VOA News, 30 May 2007-

Enforcement of China’s strict family planning policy has sparked more riots in the southern Guangxi region.

The state-run Xinhua news agency says protests erupted again Tuesday, the second outbreak in the region this month.

More than 100 police were called into the town of Yangmei after residents ransacked the local government headquarters, surrounded the population control office and burned police cars. Violence was also reported in the town of Lingshan where residents protested outside the local government office.

Unrest first erupted two weeks ago in rural parts of Guangxi over what residents say are the brutal methods used by local officials to enforce the “one child” policy.

Residents say the authorities have forced abortions, confiscated property, and imposed heavy fines on families having more children than the policy allows.

Under China’s one-child policy, started in the late 1970s, most families are allowed only one child. Families in rural areas are allowed two, especially if the first child is a girl. Abortions have risen due to the policy.

China has the world’s highest population at 1.3 billion people.

original report from VOA News

Related:
Forced Abortions Under China’s One-child Policy Spurs Riots, May 24th, 2007

Posted in Birth control, China, Forced Abortion, Guangxi, Health, Human Rights, Incident, Law, News, People, Riot, Rural, Social, South China, SW China | Comments Off on Riot Spread To More Townships in South China Over One-child Policy

Forced Abortions Under China’s One-child Policy Spurs Riots

Posted by Author on May 24, 2007


By Ching-Ching Ni, Los Angeles Times Staff Writer, May 24, 2007-

BEIJING — During a recent family planning drive, villagers say, officials chased people down the streets and into the fields of a southern province searching for violators of China’s one-child policy.

Men and women were rounded up for forced sterilizations, the villagers reported. Expectant mothers are said to have faced mandatory abortions.

“I know a young woman who was six or seven months pregnant with twins,” said a woman villager interviewed by phone who was only willing to give her surname, Wang. “She did not have a permit to give birth. So she had to have an abortion. It was such a tragedy.”

Over the weekend, the peasants had finally had enough. As many as 3,000 people in several counties of Guangxi province clashed with police, Chinese state media confirmed Wednesday, some burning government buildings and overturning cars to vent their anger. Twenty-eight people were detained, according to the New China News Agency.

The one-child policy was instituted in the late 1970s to curb the world’s most populous country’s runaway birthrate. It limits most urban families to one child and allows rural couples to have two children, if the first is a girl.

In the early years, the restrictions led to many forced sterilizations and late-term abortions. Resisters could lose their homes. Such coercive measures had become much less common in recent years as the country put on a more humane face.

Both the nation’s rich and poor have been finding ways to skirt the rules: the rich because they could afford to and the poor because of a refusal to give up the traditional quest for a son.

In an effort to level the playing field, the government made an example last week of one businessman in eastern China for ignoring the one-child policy by fining him a whopping $77,000.

For those who are poor, fines are enough to ruin a family.

“They are asking me to pay almost $2,000. Where am I going to get that kind of money?” said Liu Shamei, a 29-year-old mother of a 5-year-old boy and 1-year-old girl who said she saw two truckloads of armed police arrive in her village in Shapi Township, Bobai County, to quell the unrest. “They are destroying our families and killing our children. How can we not revolt?”

The rioting makes it clear that local officials are still under pressure to meet birth control quotas. But their motivations to act often are selfish, critics say.

“They want to protect their political futures, and they can make a lot of money while they are at it,” said Li Jinsong, a lawyer who represented a blind activist arrested for exposing excesses in the carrying out of family planning in eastern China. “It is easy for them to abuse their power and act against the best interest of poor peasants.”

Villagers in Bobai County talk of a reign of terror that has forced many into hiding to avoid forced abortions or sterilization.

“A woman working in the sugarcane fields got caught and was told to get her tubes tied, even though her husband had already been sterilized,” said a 50-year-old middle school teacher surnamed Peng. “Another woman I know was six months pregnant. But they forced her to have an abortion because it was her second child and she already had a son. She was so sad she cried for a long time.”

Villagers say almost every family has more than one child. Some who had already paid fines have been asked for more money, they say.

Wang, the woman who told of the aborted twins, said she has two sons, 15 and 7. When her second son was born, she said, she paid a fine of about $50. Last week, officials came back and told her to pay an additional $1,900, she said.

“There’s a family down the street who didn’t have the money to pay,” Wang said. “They took whatever they wanted, even the scallions in the kitchen, and they tossed out the food that was being prepared for the kids.

“We are not happy to burn down the government building. But how could they treat us that way?”

In some cases, officials reportedly have frozen the bank accounts of alleged violators and given them an ultimatum to pay up or have their life savings confiscated.

“I heard a lot of people are taking their money out of the banks,” said Shen Haidong, 16, youngest of four children, “because they are scared that they’d never be able to get it out again.”

original report from Los Angeles Times

Related:
Thousands of Villagers Riot As China Enforces Birth Limit, May 22, 2007, The Guardian

Posted in Birth control, China, Family, Forced Abortion, Guangxi, Health, Human Rights, Incident, Law, Life, News, People, Politics, Riot, Rural, Social, South China, SW China, Women | 2 Comments »

Thousands of Villagers Riot As China Enforces Birth Limit

Posted by Author on May 22, 2007


– Officials beaten by crowd in south-western province
– Large fines and seizing of property spark violence

Jonathan Watts in Beijing, May 22, 2007, The Guardian

Thousands of villagers in south-west China have attacked family planning officials,Riot in Bobai, Guangxi, China overturned cars and set fire to government buildings in a riot sparked by the state’s one-child policy.

(Picture at right is picked up from the Internet)

Riot police have been sent to at least four townships in the Guangxi autonomous region after disturbances that led to multiple injuries and unconfirmed reports of two fatalities, witnesses and Hong Kong media reported yesterday.

The unrest comes in the wake of a new crackdown by the Bobai county government against families that break birth control regulations. Financial penalties have increased and parents who fail to pay are being punished by having their property confiscated or destroyed.

At the height of the demonstrations on Saturday, a crowd of several thousand stormed the Shapi municipal office, pulled down a wall and chased and beat officials from the family planning department. This followed demonstrations in towns across Bobai county.

Under state policies dating back to the late 1970s, most urban couples can only have one child. Families from rural areas and ethnic minorities can often have two children, especially if the first is a girl. The aim of the policy is to slow the growth of the world’s biggest population, which is seen as a drain on resources.

In Bobai, the rules were weakly enforced for many years, but this spring the local government established “family planning work squads” to collect penalties retrospectively.

A student who gave only his surname, Zhou, told the Guardian his family were fined 2,000 yuan (£132) because they had three sons in the 1980s. His uncle, who has five children, was fined 20,000 yuan. “He only earns 1,200 yuan per month … But if you cannot pay, the officials come to your home and confiscate the contents. If you refuse, then smash, smash, smash.”

On internet chatrooms and in telephone conversations, locals said the work teams had confiscated cattle, DVD players, crockery and other household goods in lieu of unpaid fines.

Officials from other government departments were mobilised for the campaign. One woman, Mrs Luo, said she was recruited to make up the numbers of the “work squads”. “Usually we went to a house and asked them to pay the fine,” she said. “If no one answered, some men in our group used hammers to break in and take away property. If there was not enough to confiscate, they smashed the walls. Before we used to force women to have abortions but now the target seems to have changed to raising money. I hate this job, but I have no choice.”

Another local man, Mr Lu of Yulin village, said the riot started after the work teams bulldozed the house of a poor farmer who could not afford the fine. The farmer reportedly went to the municipal office to protest and returned with broken fingers, stirring up anger in his community.

Local governments and police refused to comment. The state-run media has been forbidden to report the incident.

A doctor at the Shabei hospital told Reuters that several injured people had been treated there. Online photographs of protests showed smashed cars, burning buildings and a rioter stealing a computer monitor. There were also images of work squads in army fatigues carrying sledgehammers.

The one-child policy has become a symbol of the wealth gap in China. Earlier this month, government officials admitted that many rich families violated the rules because they could afford the fines.

Inequality, land grabs and pollution fears have prompted a wave of unrest. According to the ministry of public security, there were 87,000 “mass incidents” reported in 2005, up 6.6% on 2004 and 50% on 2003. ( – Additional reporting by Chen Shi)

original report from The Guardian

Posted in Birth control, China, Family, Forced Abortion, Guangxi, Health, Human Rights, Incident, Law, Life, News, People, Politics, Riot, Rural, Social, SW China | Comments Off on Thousands of Villagers Riot As China Enforces Birth Limit

61 Christian Women Forced to Have Abortions in China

Posted by Author on April 21, 2007


According to China Aid Association (CAA), a massive forced abortion campaign is ongoing in China’s Guangxi Province targeting Christian pregnant women. It’s reported that 61 Christian women were forced to have abortions in 2 days on April 17 and 18. Here’s China Aid Association’s reports.

41 forced abortion on April 17:

Midland, Texas (April 17, 2007)- CAA has learned that a massive forced abortion campaign is ongoing in China’s Guangxi Province(Autonomous Region).

One Christian lady, Ms. Linrong Wei, 7 months preganent, was dragged into the hospital from her home on April 17 at 8:45 AM (Beijing time) by 10 officials from the Population and Family Planning Commsssion in Baise City, Guangxi. Her husband Yage “James” Liang was formerly a pastor in the government-sanctioned TSPM church before he became a House church pastor a year ago.

According to eyewitnesses’ reports to CAA, 40 other preganant women was forcefully moved to the Youjiang District People’s Hospital of Baise City on the same day to perform forced abortion.

Eyewitnesses told CAA that pastor Liang’s wife was pregenant accidentally and they wanted to keep this baby because of Christian principles. Ms. Wei was injected with medicine to induce birth at 11 AM on April 17. Ms. Wei’s hospital bed number is No. 39.

Eyewitnesses report that another woman, 9 months preganent, on bed number 38 was also injected at 12 PM.

One Church leader in that area who has visited Ms. Wei told CAA that these so-called ‘illegal pregnant women” were treated so bad that they were just forced to lay down on the very simple beds in the hospital corridor before the injections were done.

The family planning officials told relatives of the women that their babies will be born and most likely die within 24 hours.

20 more forced abortion on April 18:

Midland, Texas (April 18, 2007)- The Massive forced abortion campaign continues in Guangxi province. After 41 women were forced to have abortions on April 17, CAA has learned that the Youjiang District People’s Hospital of Baise City performed forced abortions for at least 20 more pregnant women on April 18.

Eyewitnesses report to CAA that at around 5:00pm on April 18, more than 20 more pregnant women were transported into the same hospital by the Family Planning officials. Within 30 minutes, about 10 of them were injected forcefully for an abortion.

This means within last 24 hours, at least 61 babies were killed with forced abortions.

At Bed number 37, Ms. He Caigan was 9 months pregnant. Officials injected her baby’s head and 20 minutes later, her baby stopped moving and died.

About 6am on April 18(BJ time), pastor James Liang’s wife Ms Wei Linrong gave birth to a boy, but he was dead because of the injection. She received three doses of injection-one is to induce the birth and the other two to kill the baby in the womb.

After China Aid reported the forced abortion, many PSB were seen surrounding the section of the hospital where these women are held.

Posted in Birth control, China, Christianity, Family, Forced Abortion, Guangxi, Health, Human Rights, Law, Life, medical, News, People, Politics, Religion, Religious, Social, South China, Women | 29 Comments »

China ‘to punish’ two-child rich

Posted by Author on March 2, 2007


BBC News, 1 March 2007-

China is to introduce steps to punish famous and wealthy violators of its one-child policy, senior officials say.

The move came in response to complaints from ordinary people that the rich were having more children because they could afford the fines, officials said.

Measures could include recording violators’ names and making them ineligible for citizenship awards.

China established its one-child policy in the late 1970s in a bid to control its soaring population.

Mu Weiyong of Liaoning’s family planning commission said that the number of rich people violating the policy was increasing.

“The majority of the 700 cases we investigated since 2000 are wealthy private business owners, while in the decade before 2000, we only had 76 cases related to rich people”, Xinhua news agency quoted him as saying.

Measures were in place to punish government workers who broke the law, Xinhua said, but it was harder to penalise those with no government affiliation.

Yu Xuejun of the National Population and Family Planning Commission said that one way was to target people’s reputations by registering their names and preventing them from receiving awards.

“We found out that most celebrities and rich people have two children, and 10% of them have three,” he told the Beijing News. “The phenomenon must be stopped.”

Gender imbalance

The move came a day after a report by the National Bureau of Statistics highlighted the growing gender imbalance which has been widely blamed on the policy.

By the end of 2006, China’s population stood at 1,314,480,000, the bureau said, with males accounting for 51.5% of the population.

But the ratio of newborn males to females was 119.25 to 100. The average for industrialised countries is between 104 and 107 baby boys to 100 baby girls.

China’s imbalance has been attributed to a traditional preference for boys which, experts say, has led to abortion of female foetuses and female infanticide, as well as under-reporting of female births.

State media reported last month that there could be 30 million more men of marriageable age than women in as little as 15 years.

original report from BBC News

Posted in Birth control, Businessman, Celebrity, China, Family, Health, Law, Life, News, People, Politics, Social | Comments Off on China ‘to punish’ two-child rich

Hong Kong’s Draw for Pregnant Women from China

Posted by Author on January 31, 2007


By Vaudine England, in Hong Kong, BBC News, Wednesday, 31 January 2007-

Mrs Huang chose to give birth to her second child, a girl, in Hong Kong, even though she comes from Guangdong province, across the Chinese border.

If she had given birth at home, she would have faced penalties of about $10,000 (£5,000) for breaking China’s One Child policy.

“It all depends, there’s no standard. If you have money then the penalty will be much heavier,” she said.

So the $2,500 she paid for three days and two nights in a Hong Kong hospital was a good deal.

Ward Manager Nancy Chan, at Hong Kong’s Queen Elizabeth Hospital maternity ward, said 35 new patients had arrived in the past 24 hours – a rate that is now normal.

It did not use to be like this. Ms Chan remembers when there were more nurses and fewer mothers, allowing for more personal care.

But in 2001, Hong Kong’s highest court ruled that a child born in Hong Kong to parents who came from China had the right to residency in Hong Kong.

At first glance, that seems an insignificant perk for babies who are already citizens of China.

But Hong Kong’s history as British colony and now special administrative region of China means it is much richer, and has a reliable welfare system. Gaining the right of abode in Hong Kong guarantees rights to virtually free healthcare, education and housing.

It also means a range of complexities.

Mrs Huang, for example, will be leaving hospital as soon as her paid-for package expires. But her baby girl is still under paediatric care so will stay in the hospital.

Mrs Huang is not a Hong Kong citizen but her new baby is, so the baby gets virtually free mothering at the hands of Queen Elizabeth Hospital’s nurses until it is time for Mrs Huang to come to take her away.

Mrs Huang is lucky because she has relatives in Hong Kong who help her with accommodation.

She can get a three-month visitor’s pass to Hong Kong quite easily so while she intends to bring up her baby in China, she can pop back to Hong Kong whenever she feels the need.

Border checks

But from 1 February, new rules mean women like Mrs Huang will find it more difficult to come to Hong Kong to give birth.

After an influx of about 20,000 non-local women to Hong Kong’s hospitals last year, the government has taken a series of measures to help stem the flow.

Mainland mothers who look heavily pregnant will have to show immigration officers a hospital booking confirmation alongside their visitor’s visa. If they do not have the booking, they will not be allowed in.

The government has also raised the charges for delivery in Hong Kong, and plans to beef up nursing numbers with fresh funding and training.

The key is to require women to have a medical history in Hong Kong before allowing them in to give birth.

The higher costs may deter some women. But Mrs Huang said the increased charges are still less than the penalties she would have faced for having a second child in China. ( more details from BBC News)

Posted in Birth control, China, Family, Health, Hong kong, Human Rights, Law, Life, medical, News, People, Politics, Social, travel, Women | Comments Off on Hong Kong’s Draw for Pregnant Women from China

Speech: The Single Most Important Thing About China

Posted by Author on January 15, 2007


from The Single Most Important Thing You Need To Know About China, A speech by Don Feder to The Awakening Conference, January 7, 2007 — The Cloister. Sea Island, Georgia

By Don Feder, Human Events, DC, USA, 01-11-07-

(Extract)

……

But neither China’s booming economy nor its alarming military growth is the root of the problem. In any discussion of China, the place to start is with an understanding of the reality of political power on the Mainland.

The People’s Republic of China remains what it was at its inception in 1949, at the end of the civil war — a ruthless, totalitarian state. As the name implies, a totalitarian regime attempts to exert near- absolute control over the lives of its subjects.

China is controlled by the Communist Party. Ostensibly, political power resides in the 3,000-member National People’s Congress. But the Congress is a rubber stamp. In reality, power is exercised by a 9-member standing committee of the CCP politburo. In other words, 9 individuals decide the fate of 1.2 billion people.

The New York Times — never known for hard-line foreign-policy positions — says of China’s current leader, Hu Jintao, that he “governs sternly and secretly, almost never grants interviews, and has overseen an unrelenting crackdown on journalists, lawyers, and religious leaders who defy one-party rule.”

  • In its latest report, Freedom House observes, “The Chinese government continued to restrict political rights and repress critics of the regime in 2005. Restrictions on communications became more severe.” Also, Freedom House notes, “The Chinese state closely monitors political activity and uses vaguely worded national security regulations to justify detainment or imprisonment of those who are politically active without party approval.”
  • In 2003, Amnesty International reported that in Chinese prisons, “Torture and ill treatment remained widespread … . Common methods included kicking, beating, electric shocks, suspension by the arms, shackling in painful positions, and sleep and food deprivation. Women in detention were vulnerable to rape and sexual abuse.”
  • In China, there are over 1,000 “re-education-through-labor” camps scattered about the country.
  • There are credible reports of organ harvesting from executed prisoners.
  • In the People’s Republic, no fewer than 65 offenses carry the death penalty.
  • China’s one-child-per-family policy has led to forced abortions, infanticide and a booming sex industry.
  • Former CIA Director James Woolsey describes China as “the worst of the worst” dictatorships.

The communist regime has a morbid fear of opposition to its authority and the independent institutions from which such opposition could arise.

In China, all media are state-owned. There are no independent labor unions. The judiciary is a handmaiden of the regime. In politically sensitive cases, verdicts are directed by the Party. Religions not controlled by the regime are harassed or suppressed — witness the home-church movement and the Falun Gong.

Beijing regularly blocks websites it deems subversive. In 2005, the government shut down over a quarter of the nation’s 573,755 websites.

The same mentality that sent tanks rolling over demonstrators in Tiananmen Square 18 years ago (killing more than 3,000) continues to guide policy toward dissent.

According to Beijing, there were over 87,000 incidents which it terms “public order disturbances” in 2005, up 6.6% from the previous year. These range from scuffles with police to mass protests over land confiscation.

  • In a demonstration last July, in a suburb of Hangzhou, riot police used electric batons to break-up a crowd of 3,000 Christians protesting the demolition of a home church.
  • Last January, as many as 10,000 riot police were deployed in the village of Panlong in Guagdong province to counter a protest over the confiscation of land for a factory. At least 60 villagers were wounded and a 13-year-old girl was killed.
  • In December, 2005 as many as 30 were killed in the village of Donzhou, when security forces fired into a crowd protesting the decision to locate a coal-fired power plant in their midst.
  • In China, you can go to jail for taking part in a demonstration, for applying for a permit to hold a demonstration, for reporting on a demonstration, for posting information about a demonstration on the Internet and — if you’re an attorney — for representing someone arrested at a demonstration.
  • Last year, a former garment worker at a plant in Shandong province was sentenced to 5 years in prison for trying to collect wages owed to him by a bankrupt state company. You can imagine the punishment for those who really get out of line.

Now, multiply all of this by hundreds of thousands and you begin to have an idea of the status of human rights in the People Republic.

The shimmering skyscrapers of Shanghai, the Western hotels in Beijing and the myriad products rolling off Chinese assembly lines to eventually find their way into American homes often obscure this grim reality.

In 1949, political power was seized with a gun. (Was it not Mao who said power comes from the barrel of a gun?) In China today, political power is literally maintained at gun-point.

America has a government. Britain has a government. Taiwan has a government. China has a regime. The only difference between the Chinese Communist Party and the Mafia is that the former is more successful at what it does, while the latter lacks an ideological rationale for its crimes.

Ergo, totalitarianism must be the starting point in any discussion of China. This is so because totalitarian regimes are inherently unstable. Totalitarian regimes are paranoid. Totalitarian regimes are expansionist. And totalitarian regimes require external enemies. (Extract)

( Look at the whole speech here; About Don Feder )

Posted in Birth control, China, Communist Party, Dongzhou, East China, Economy, Guangdong, Health, Hu Jintao, Human Rights, Incident, Journalist, Killing, Law, military, News, Official, Opinion, People, Politics, Protest, Religious, Riot, Rural, SE China, Shandong, Social, Speech, Torture, USA, World | 1 Comment »

China Upholds Jail Term of Peasants’ Advocate Chen Guangcheng

Posted by Author on January 13, 2007


By JOSEPH KAHN, New York Times, US –

BEIJING, Jan. 12 — A Chinese court on Friday upheld the conviction of and lengthy jailcheng guangcheng 1 sentence for a leading advocate for peasants’ rights despite widespread criticism that he was unjustly made a target by corrupt local officials.

The ruling, by the Linyi Intermediate Court in Shandong Province, rejected the final appeal of Chen Guangcheng, known in legal circles as China’s “barefoot lawyer.”

Mr. Chen, blind since a childhood illness, led a campaign to stop the authorities in the city of Linyi from forcing peasants to have abortions to meet population-control quotas. Local officials put him under house arrest for 10 months, then charged him on criminal counts of destroying property and organizing a mob to disrupt traffic.

He was sentenced to four years and three months in prison.

The same Linyi appeals court in December overturned the conviction of Mr. Chen, citing insufficient evidence. But after a hasty second trial, Mr. Chen was convicted on the identical charges and given an identical sentence by a lower court in Yinan County, Shandong.

Officials of the ruling Communist Party tightly control the country’s legal system, and political considerations tend to outweigh legal ones when deciding delicate cases, including human rights cases, although officials do not acknowledge it.

The roller-coaster-like reversals in Mr. Chen’s case raised suspicions that the local and central authorities at least initially disagreed about how to handle Mr. Chen’s case, with local officials eventually prevailing.

Mr. Chen’s advocacy work on behalf of peasants in Shandong and his high-profile effort to stop abuses in the country’s population-control policies attracted attention from Chinese and international legal experts. National population planning officials in Beijing verified some of his complaints about forced abortions and sterilizations and in 2005 ordered Linyi to stop using violent methods to reach population control targets.

But local officials in Linyi retaliated against him and his family, relatives, friends and defense lawyers said. His home village was put under constant guard.

Mr. Chen’s lawyers and several leading international legal experts contend that the case against him made a mockery of China’s claim that it is developing an impartial legal system.

The court ignored defense claims that testimony against Mr. Chen was a result of forced confessions by villagers taken into custody. The judges declined to postpone the trial when one witness, who Mr. Chen’s lawyers say was prepared to testify that he had been forced to provide evidence against Mr. Chen, was arrested by the local police on the eve of Mr. Chen’s trial.

The court also proceeded with the case despite repeated physical harassment of Mr. Chen’s Beijing-based defense lawyers, among a variety of other violations.

“It is obviously a disappointing result, but at this point it was not unexpected,” said Li Jinsong, Mr. Chen’s lead lawyer, who was himself badly beaten by thugs when traveling to Linyi to visit Mr. Chen late last month.

“We will continue to appeal to higher authorities to reconsider this matter,” he said.

He said he would also seek a medical parole for Mr. Chen, who is legally blind.

original New York Times’ reportChinese Court Upholds Conviction of Peasants’ Advocate

Posted in Activist, Birth control, Chen Guangcheng, China, East China, Health, Human Rights, Law, News, People, Politics, Shandong, Social | Comments Off on China Upholds Jail Term of Peasants’ Advocate Chen Guangcheng

China: Skewed Sex -ratio Could Mean Instability

Posted by Author on January 12, 2007


Reuters, Fri 12 Jan 2007-

BEIJING, Jan 11 (Reuters) – China will be home to 30 million more men of marriageable age than women by 2020, state media said on Thursday, warning the gender imbalance, along with an ageing population and rapid urbanisation, could be destabilising.

China has about 119 boys born for every 100 girls, an imbalance that has grown since it introduced a one-child policy more than 25 years ago to curb population growth — a restriction that bolstered a traditional preference for boys.

“The resulting confusion in the social order will become a serious hidden problem influencing social stability,” Xinhua news agency said of the gender imbalance, citing a national report on demographics.

Researchers have warned that large sex-ratio imbalances could lead to instability as more men remain unmarried, raising the risks of anti-social and violent behaviour.

China’s rapidly ageing population would also strain social services and the social welfare system, affecting relations between generations and social harmony, the report said.

Already the combination of an ageing population and single-child families mean that only-children face the prospect of looking after two parents and four grandparents, a potentially huge financial burden in the absence of a comprehensive pension system.

China is home to more than half the elderly in Asia, and by 2020 the number of those over 60 will reach 234 million, the report said.

Demographic changes are also affecting the work force in China, where a huge pool of cheap labour is one of its key competitive advantages.

But the report said the size of the labour force would peak in 2016 and that “structural shortages of labour” would persist.

original report

Posted in Birth control, China, employment, Family, Health, Life, News, People, Social, Women, Worker | Comments Off on China: Skewed Sex -ratio Could Mean Instability

One-only child policy fuelling divorce boom in China

Posted by Author on December 7, 2006


DailyIndia.com, Dec 7, 2006-

New Delhi, Dec 7 (ANI): China enforced a one child only policy in the early 1980’s to tide over its burgeoning population problem, and now its giving rise to a new problem.

A recent study by the Liaoning Academy of Social Sciences has revealed that couples, who are only children are more likely to divorce than others, and the reason for divorce is primarily parental interference.

Zhang Sining, a researcher at the academy said a survey of 162 couples under 30 showed a divorce ratio of 24.5 percent when both were only children, 8.4 percent when one was an only-child, and 11.7 percent for those from families with more than one child.

According to Zhang, the overprotective manner in which the single child was brought up made them intolerant and uncompromising.

“Parents and grandparents doted on and spoiled the single child – dubbed “little emperors” and “empresses”. Their intolerance and parental interference now threaten the stability of their marriages,” the official Xinhua News Agency quoted Zhang as saying.

“About 87 percent of only children felt pressured to find a spouse to satisfy their parents, 58 percent acknowledged their parents were a factor in the break-up, and 55 percent said their parents interfered in their marriages,” he said.

“We are on the edge of divorce because our parents are already waging war over the ‘dinner issue’. His mother drops in every day to check whether I have cooked her son’s favourite dishes, while my father often asks us to dinner to pull me out of housekeeping, and he quizzes my husband on whether he is taking good care of me,” said Hu Jia, 25, in Xining City in northwest China’s Gansu Province.

The survey further showed that 92 percent of only children wanted a home away from their parents, in order to cope up with their problems on their own.

“Over-protective parents undermine the relationships of young couples by “protecting” their offspring against their spouses rather than teach them how to cooperate,” said Zhang Dasheng, director of a psychological counselling centre in Harbin, capital of Heilongjiang Province.

“On the other hand, over-indulged only children are accustomed to seeking parental care – boys from their mothers and girls from their fathers. The dissatisfaction with the care from their spouses often leads to disappointment or doubts,” Zhang Sining added. (ANI)

original report

Posted in Birth control, China, City resident, Family, Health, Law, Life, NE China, News, NW China, People, Politics, Qinghai, Social, Xining | 1 Comment »

China: Wife of Rights Activist Dropped by Police, Sobbing, Near Home

Posted by Author on November 29, 2006


By Maureen Fan, Washington Post, November 29, 2006-

BEIJING, Nov. 28 — The wife of a blind legal activist was detained by police for eight hours Tuesday, then dragged out of a police minivan and dropped on the ground at the entrance to her home village, sobbing uncontrollably, lawyers and a relative said.

Yuan Weijing was held a day after her husband was retried in a case closely watched by human rights activists. Attorneys for her husband, Chen Guangcheng, suggested that she had been detained so she could not travel to Beijing to complain about mistreatment of her family by officials.

Chen embarrassed authorities in eastern Shandong province last year by helping villagers prepare a class-action lawsuit against abuses, including forced abortions and sterilizations, meant to implement China’s one-child-only policy.

He was later sentenced to more than four years in prison for disrupting traffic and damaging public property, charges his attorneys said were trumped up to punish him for his activism.

Chen appealed and on Monday was given a retrial, which is rare in China. No verdict was announced. While signing court documents Tuesday, he and his wife were permitted to speak to each other briefly, for the first time in eight months, lawyers said. Then Yinan County police presented a summons to Chen’s attorneys and took Yuan away.

About 8:30 p.m., a shop owner at the entrance to the couple’s village saw more than 10 police officers drag Yuan out of a small white van and drop her onto the ground crying, said Chen’s older brother, Chen Guangfu.

She appeared to be in pain, Chen said, but it was unclear Tuesday night whether Yuan had been beaten. She was taken to a nearby hospital to be examined.

Yuan has been detained three times before but has never returned home this distressed, Chen said, adding, “She just won’t stop crying.”

A man on duty at the criminal police battalion of the Yinan County police station said he did not know whether Yuan had been detained. “I’ve never heard of it. I don’t know,” he said.

At the hospital, Yuan later declared, “The police are bandits,” Chen Guangfu said.

Yuan has spoken out publicly against local authorities and criticized the conduct of her husband’s trial.

In an opinion column last month in The Washington Post, she said she was being watched constantly by guards.

“I want to send a message to my husband: One day the truth will come to light,” she wrote. “Even though they put you in jail, they cannot imprison your thoughts and spirit. You must take good care of yourself so that you can continue your unfinished work.”

–  from Washington Post‘s report

Posted in Activist, Birth control, Chen Guangcheng, China, East China, Human Rights, Law, News, People, Police, Politics, Social, Women | Comments Off on China: Wife of Rights Activist Dropped by Police, Sobbing, Near Home

China in rural birth control bid

Posted by Author on October 19, 2006


BBC, 16 October 2006-

China is to bring in new financial incentives to encourage people in rural areas to have fewer children in another bid to control its rising population.

From next year, parents in the countryside will get an annual payment when they reach the age of 60, provided they have only one child, or two girls.

A lack of social security in rural areas has encouraged some families to break China’s one-child policy.

China’s population is now 1.3bn, making it the most populous nation on earth.

Gender imbalance

From next year, parents aged over 60 who have only one child, or two girls, will receive 600 yuan ($76) – around a fifth of an average farmer’s income – the China Daily reports.

The aim is to ease the burden on single children looking after elderly parents, the newspaper added.

It highlighted a survey in three rural provinces that found smaller families had reported financial problems.

Since 1979, families in China have been allowed to have just one child, or two in the countryside if the first is a girl.

Many people in the countryside traditionally only want a son, who they believe will carry on the family name and care for them in old age.

Critics of the one-child policy say it has encouraged the abandonment and infanticide of baby girls, and has led to a gender imbalance in Chinese society.

The number of men is thought to outnumber women in China by more than 60 million.

Posted in Birth control, Children, China, Family, Health, Law, Life, News, People, Politics, Rural, Social, Women | 1 Comment »