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    2.Officially Sanctioned Crime in China, He Qinglian
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    Losing the New China, Ethan Gutmann
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    Nine Commentaries on The Communist Party, the Epochtimes
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    Reporters Without Borders said in it’s 2005 special report titled “Xinhua: the world’s biggest propaganda agency”, that “Xinhua remains the voice of the sole party”, “particularly during the SARS epidemic, Xinhua has for last few months been putting out news reports embarrassing to the government, but they are designed to fool the international community, since they are not published in Chinese.”
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Archive for the ‘Education’ Category

3000 Teachers’ Protest in South China Suppressed

Posted by Author on December 17, 2008


By Wen Zhen, NTDTV Via The Epochtimes, Dec 16, 2008 –

Teachers gather outside the Shaodong County government building asking for their back wages. (The Epochtimes)

Teachers gather outside the Shaodong County government building asking for their back wages. (The Epochtimes)

More than 4000 teachers in Shaodong County, Hunan Province held a sit-in protest in front of the County government offices on December 1, to complain that the teachers have not been paid their performance wages for the past two years.

The County government replied by threatening to fire the teachers or to relocate them to remote areas. The deputy County Party Chief who was in a passing car which hit one of the teachers, said that it would not matter if some teachers were crushed to death.

Chinese ‘Teachers’ Law’ Favors the Teachers

According to Chinese “Teachers’ Law” and the Law of Compulsory Education,” teachers’ average salaries should not be less than the income of civil servants. However, the teachers of Shaodong County, Hunan Province have not received their performance wage since 2007. Without the performance pay, a County’s civil servant salary at the same level is three times what the teachers receive.

Many teachers in Shaodong had already appealed to the Department of Education and County Party Committee by letters or in person. These teachers hoped the government could uphold the law and issue the missing performance wages. However, as of December 1, the local government had not given the teachers a clear answer.

Seeing no other option, on December 1, over 3,000 teachers protested in front of government building.

Some of the protesting teachers had books in their hands, and some were holding lunch boxes and eating lunch. No one shouted slogans or held banners.

Most schools in the towns and villages cancelled classes……. (more details from The Epochtimes)

Posted in China, Education, Hunan, income, Life, News, People, Social, South China, World | Comments Off on 3000 Teachers’ Protest in South China Suppressed

Reality Check: Back to School After Southwest China Earthquake

Posted by Author on September 4, 2008


By Wen Hua, Epoch Times Staff Sep 3, 2008-

September 4 marks 113th day since the devastating Sichuan earthquake. It also marked the back-to-school day in mainland China, and also the day China started to lift its nine-year compulsory education fee. While 11,687 schools are in need of reconstruction and the exact casualties from the collapsed school buildings remain unannounced, Sichuan local schools are required to continue charging tuition fees.

Authorities Hid School Casualties

On Sept. 1, Premier Wen Jiabao attended the opening ceremony of the temporary site of Beichuan Middle School, one of hardest hit schools by the May 12 earthquake. According to the regime’s state run media, this is Wen’s fourth visit to Beichuan Middle School but the exact school casualties due to the earthquake were not mentioned. There were originally 47 classes at the school, with 2793 students and 197 staff members. With more than 50 students a class on average, it was learned that only one or two students survived the earthquake in some classes.

On an Aug. 31 news release, the 44th by local Sichuan authorities about the Wenchuan earthquake, the Director of the Sichuan Provincial Office of Education, Tu Wentao, reported that 4,675 schools were damaged, and 3,339 schools require reconstruction in the hardest hit areas. In Sichuan Province, a total of 13,768 schools were damaged and 11,687 schools are in need of reconstruction, but no earthquake school casualties were mentioned.

School Zone Charges Tuition Despite State Policies

On Sept. 1, Chinese authorities also cancelled the tuition and fees for the nation nine-year compulsory education act that was already in effect for the rural region. An estimated 25,900 urban schools and 28.21 million students should benefit from this move. This means that the Chinese government would fulfill Wen Jiabao’s call for building a “free compulsory education both rural and urban”.

However the same day, the Epoch Times learned from a reader’s letter saying, “Premier Wen visited Mianzhu at around 3 p.m. today. What he did not know is that the Mianzhu Middle School is still charging a tuition fee of 1,100 yuan. Nanxuan Middle School is charging between 550 to 1,100 yuan per student. If the parents rejected this, they would be told to go home and say that no registration is granted without fee.”

Aftermath

According to numerous overseas media reports, a number of earthquake experts have warned the Chinese regime about the earthquake and its geographical locations. The authority hid the forecast to maintain so-called “Pre-Olympic stability.” During the rescue, the Chinese military’s efficiency and their competence were seriously criticized. Many victims died because the regime refused foreign rescue teams during the prime rescue time which is the first 72 hours after the earthquake. The May 12 earthquake claimed more than 69,000 people with nearly 18,000 still missing.

It was also learned that many relief funds went into personal accounts. For instance, Mianzhu City People’s Hospital acquired $25 million for reconstruction. The money went into the contractor’s personal account before the construction team arrived. The money was later luckily retrieved due to an early discovery.

Local governments and the department of education have made a  so-called “self-investigation” to find the responsibility for the huge number of student casualties. This was criticized by local residents that this is not in compliance with a formal investigation procedure, and that the transparency and openness of the investigation are questionable.

– Original: Back to School After Sichuan Earthquake: Reality Check, The Epochtimes

Posted in Children, China, disaster, earthquake, Education, Life, News, People, Politics, Sichuan, Social, Student, SW China, World | Comments Off on Reality Check: Back to School After Southwest China Earthquake

Chinese school children forced to watch Olympics propaganda

Posted by Author on September 2, 2008


More than 170 million Chinese schoolchildren tuned into a compulsory two-hour propaganda broadcast designed to fill them with pride over the Olympics and China’s response to the Sichuan earthquake in May.

By Malcolm Moore in Shanghai, The Telegraph, UK, 01 Sep 2008-

On Monday evening, the first day of the new academic year, the Ministry of Education ordered all primary and middle school children to watch The First Lesson of the New Term, a brightly-lit variety show which skillfully weaved together China’s “Olympic spirit” and its fortitude in the face of disaster.

Parents were required to sign a chit to certify that their child had watched the spectacle.

The state media said the show would teach children practical lessons for “self-protection in such natural disasters as earthquakes, fire, snowstorm or floods”.

However, the effect of the show was rather to mythologise the strength and ingenuity of the Chinese.

Over the course of the show, Yao Ming, the basketball star, played a tug of war against one group of primary school children, while another troop competed with the Chinese weightlifting team to see who could evacuate the quickest through a pretend classroom door.

The children from the Sangzao middle school in Mianyang, close to the quake’s epicentre, won easily. The school was praised for having attained a time of one minute 36 seconds in a real-life evacuation drill.

Both the young girls, Lin Miaoke, 9, and Yang Peiyi, 7, who were involved in the lip-synching controversy during the opening ceremony of the Beijing Games, appeared together on stage to sing.

Several schoolchildren from Sichuan were filmed watching happily from light blue school desks dotted around the studio as the set filled with rainbows and sunflowers. The children who perished in the crumbling middle schools in Dujiangyan were glossed over, however, as were the hundreds of orphans who still have to find a home…….. (more details from The Telegraph)

Posted in Children, China, Education, Media, News, People, Politics, Social, Student, World | 1 Comment »

China: Jailed Activist’s Children Rejected For Admission by Public Schools

Posted by Author on July 6, 2008


By Zhang Min, Radio Free Asia (RFA), via the Epochtimes, Jun 30, 2008-

CHINA—Recently, Human rights defender Guo Feixiong’s daughter and son were rejected for admission by the public schools. Guo’s wife said that in the past, the police had threatened that her children would not be able to attend school.

Guo’s wife Zhang Qing, applied for admission to an elementary school and a middle school for her son Yang Tiance, and daughter Yang Tianjiao, respectively. Yet, both requests were turned down by school administrators. Ms. Zhang is making an urgent appeal to the public to help her children into school.

(Photo: Guo Feixiong, photo taken in 2006, after being beaten up by the police. (photo provided by Guo’s friend)

Zhang Qing said in an RFA interview conducted on June 25, “Yesterday I was shocked to learn that Yang Tianjiao was rejected [by the school authorities]. I was really shocked and this is mind-boggling. I think this requires immediate attention. Last year Yang Tiance was after all still little, so basically I was able to handle him at home. However, Yang Tianjiao cannot stay at home.”

Guo Feixiong (real name Yang Maodong), is a lawyer and human rights defender who participated in the Taishi village protest incident in Guangdong Province and the rescue effort to free rights defense attorney Gao Zhisheng.

Held Without Bail

The regime accused Guo of being involved in the publication of a magazine called “Shengyang’s Political Earthquake” five years ago, which exposed the corruption of Shenyang officials.

The case was reopened and he was arrested in September 2006. Before Guo was sentenced, the court had rejected his case twice, asking the police to further investigate due to insufficient evidence. Guo was formally charged in November 2007 with running an “illegal business operation,” (i.e., publishing the aforementioned magazine) and sentenced to five years imprisonment and fined 40,000 yuan (approximately US$ 5,700).

Tortured While in Custody

When his lawyer visited Guo in the detention center, Guo told him that the police brutally tortured him, including shocking his genitals with an electric baton.

Zhang said, “When Guo Feixiong met with his lawyer on November 23, he mentioned that authorities had threatened him five or six times, and some of the threats have already been actualized. One of them is, “We will not let your son attend elementary school, and neither will we let your daughter attend middle school.”

Last year when her son was supposed to attend elementary school, the school authorities firmly rejected their request.

Natural Right

“What I can do now is to write public letters to government leaders and several organizations. Even if it doesn’t work, I will still continue to write [to them].”

Zhang added, “Going to school is a natural right for a child. I hope that people from all circles and just-minded media call for people’s attention on my behalf.”

– From the Epochtimes: Jailed Activist’s Children Rejected by Schools

Posted in Children, China, Education, Family, Guo Feixiong, Human Rights, Law, Lawyer, Life, News, People, Politics, Social, Student, World | Comments Off on China: Jailed Activist’s Children Rejected For Admission by Public Schools

Suspected Rape and Murder of School Girl Cause 20,000 To Protest in Southwest China

Posted by Author on April 19, 2008


Epoch Times Staff, Apr 17, 2008-Around 20,000 people from Yubei District, Chongqing City were standing in front of the local Public Security Bureau

A senior attending Pine Bridge High School in Chongqing City is believed to have been raped and murdered by a school teacher while she was studying at the school over the holiday break. The school deliberately concealed details of the case and hired three men to assault the girl’s family, arousing public indignation.

On April 7, 2008, around 20,000 people gathered at the Lianglu Town industrial park, and the Sanzhi Road and airport area in the city’s Yubei District. They held banners that read, “Severely punish the murderer” and “The high school girl died unjustly.” The protest obstructed traffic for two hours.

(Photos at right: A crowd of nearly 20,000 people from the Yubei District in Chongqing City were standing in front of the local Public Security Bureau, obstructing traffic for two hours. / Photo by a net surfer from mainland China)

According to local media reports, Pine Bridge High School senior Qin Li had decided to stay at school toA crowd of nearly 20,000 people from the Yubei District in Chongqing City were standing in front of the local Public Security Bureau study for the upcoming college entrance exam during the Chingming holiday break. As Zhonglan Shen, Qin Li’s mother, recalled, Qin called on the evening of April 3, the day before she was killed and told her of her plans to study at the school.

Around 7 p.m. on April 4, Zhonglan was working on a farm when she received a call from her daughter’s school saying that Qin Li had suddenly become ill. Zhonglan rushed to the school as soon as she could. Qin’s father and brother, who were working in the Zhucheng district, were also notified and promptly made their way to Pine Bridge High School.

When Qin’s family got to the school late that night the school staff leader and an officer from the Longxi police station informed them that Qin had committed suicide by hanging herself in her dorm room around 4p.m. that day.

Meanwhile, a completely different story of Qin’s death spread rapidly over the Internet. An eyewitness described what he saw of the incident on a popular Chinese BBS, Tianya Club.

The source said the girl was raped by a school teacher (other sources claimed it was the son of the school principal), and was strangled with a belt after she said she would appeal.

The murderer then created the illusion that Qin had committed suicide by hanging her in her dorm room. The school notified the deceased family two days after the incident occurred and deliberately concealed the truth. Qin’s parents requested a forensic analysis, which revealed signs of a struggle and rape before Qin’s death.

When the forensic evidence was revealed, the school teacher and principal offered the family 50,000 yuan to drop the case, but the family refused. Instead, Qin’s family requested that authorities severely punish the murderer. Local government, however, sided with the teacher and covered up for the school, refusing to investigate the case.

Sources on Tianya BBS said the school requested a cremation of the girl’s body, which Qin’s parents refused. The school then hired three men to beat up the parents in the street. The assailants continued to beat Qin’s father even after the mother had been beaten unconscious and sent to the hospital. The father told onlookers the story of his daughter’s murder while he was being beaten. Bystanders quickly grew angry about the news.

Sources said that the local police arrived on the scene as the angered onlookers aimed to retaliate against the assailants. Instead of helping the father, the police formed two lines to help the gangsters escape the scene. Just then, news surfaced that the Qin’s mother died in the hospital, further angering the local onlookers. They started a protest to demand severe punishment for the perpetrators of Qin’s death.

Chongqing Municipal Public Security Bureau brought nearly 1,000 riot police from other districts to beat and arrest protesters. The crowd was then forced to withdraw.

Attempting to refute the so-called rumors of the details behind Qin’s death, the local Yubei television station reported that Qin had committed suicide and failed to provide any motive or reason for it. It also reported that the mob that protested on behalf of the family to demand justice had ulterior motives and deliberately created disorder.

Although the mysterious death of Qin Li and the resulting demonstrations of tens of thousands people did not seem to interest Chongqing authorities, news of the incident spread rapidly on several Chinese websites. Internet users denounced and condemned the authorities and appealed to severely punish the assailants. The users generally lamented about the darkness of their society, and some even appealed for the overthrow of the Chinese Communist Party.

Original report from The Epochtimes: Suspected Rape and Murder of Chongqing Girl Cause Tens of Thousands To Protest

Posted in China, Chongqing, Education, Law, Life, News, People, Sexual assault, Social, Student, SW China, World | 1 Comment »

Flu Outbreak, 3 Children Died, Hong Kong Shuts All Kindergartens And Primary Schools For 2 Weeks

Posted by Author on March 13, 2008


Reuters, March 13, 2008-

HONG KONG, March 13 (Reuters) – More than half a million Hong Kong schoolchildren stayed at home on Thursday after the government shut all kindergartens and primary schools for two weeks to contain an outbreak of flu.

A government-appointed panel of experts is probing the deaths of three children, aged 2, 3 and 7, over the last two weeks. The two older children were infected with seasonal flu, while the cause of illness in the youngest child is unknown.

The health scare has not been linked to H5N1 bird flu but the government’s decision on Wednesday night to close the schools brought back memories of 2003, when an outbreak of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome hit Hong Kong.

Health Secretary York Chow said the government closed the schools because the numbers of young children getting infected seemed higher this year.

“Our main concern is the infection of young children. The percentage of young children getting influenza this season seems to be higher,” he said at a press briefing. “The second is the mortality … if there’re two deaths related to flu even before the peak, then we need to do something to minimise the numbers in the weeks to come,” he said, referring to two of the three children — a girl aged 3 and a boy aged 7.

The government disclosed two new cases on Thursday, a 3-year-old boy WHO was in stable condition in hospital and a 21-month-old boy who died in late February after being admitted to hospital with flu-like symptoms. His cause of illness is unknown.

Mrs Kwan, a mother of a 10-year-old student, was worried.

“You can see that many people in Hong Kong are a bit scared of such viruses. It’s not like before when kids would just have regular cough and fever. Now, you just don’t know how serious any outbreak might be. I am very worried,” she said.

Experts say there was no reason to panic.

“This year, there seem to be slightly more flu cases. But from what I can see, we get a bad flu year every few years. I don’t think it is very unusual or different from previous years,” said Leo Poon, a virologist from the University of Hong Kong. (Reporting by Tan Ee Lyn and James Pomfret; Editing by Nick Macfie)

– Original report from Reuters: Flu outbreak shuts Hong Kong schools for two weeks

Posted in Asia, Children, China, Education, Health, Hong kong, Life, News, People, Student, World | Comments Off on Flu Outbreak, 3 Children Died, Hong Kong Shuts All Kindergartens And Primary Schools For 2 Weeks

Secret Trade in Chinese Bodies

Posted by Author on February 16, 2008


ABC News, USA, Feb. 14, 2008-

The German doctor who invented the process that led to hundreds of human bodies being put on display around the world, says he has stopped using bodies from China because some of them may be those of executed Chinese prisoners.

The body shows, which have drawn millions of paying customers in more than 30 cities, show human bodies that have been preserved with a liquid plastic process. The bodies are shown skinned and trimmed, in a variety of poses, including throwing a football, playing poker or at a chess board.

In an interview to be aired Friday on the ABC News program “20/20,” Dr. Gunther von Hagens also says an underground black market is providing bodies to Chinese companies that export them to the U.S. and Europe, despite a 2006 Chinese law prohibiting the export of human bodies for commercial purposes.

A spokesperson for the Chinese Foreign Ministry said it was investigating the allegations.

Von Hagens says he had to cremate several bodies he received in China after detecting injuries that led him to suspect they had been executed prisoners. He says those bodies were given to him by a medical school in China to plastinate for teaching models. He said he only used Chinese bodies, all of which he received from the Chinese university, for teaching models, but has never put Chinese bodies on public display.

“There is now no way for me any more to work with specimens in China,” said von Hagens, who says his company in China now only deals with animal specimens.

The German doctor, labeled Dr. Death by some European newspapers, said, “I am concerned that public exhibitions are being hijacked by corporate interests.”

Von Hagens says the bodies he uses in shows currently running in Baltimore, Milwaukee and elsewhere are from European donors who voluntarily consented prior to their deaths to have their bodies put on display.

Von Hagens provided “20/20” with documents of donors to back up his claim.

“The donors know exactly what is the scope of what we are doing,” he said in the interview, conducted at his body factory in the German town of Guben, on the Polish border.

Von Hagens says he invented the “plastination” process initially, in 1975, to prepare body specimens for medical schools.

In 1995, he opened the first public display in Tokyo and has since made millions of dollars with shows around the world that have provoked considerable controversy.

“You’re going to be entertained by looking at dead bodies, by looking at cadavers that have been put in the most atrocious poses for our entertainment,” said Rabbi Louis Feldstein of Atlanta.

Feldstein says it violates a standard of “respect for the life that was lived.”

Earlier this month, the California Assembly passed and sent to the Senate, legislation that would require body shows to have proof that each body had been donated with “informed consent.”

“As a person of Chinese descent, I just don’t believe any family would consent to have their kin shown this way,” said the bill’s author, Assemblywoman Fiona Ma.

“The skin is ripped off; body parts are exposed so that someone else could be making millions of dollars looking at them,” she said.

Dr. von Hagens says he strongly supports the California legislation and says it should be the standard worldwide.

“Especially as a German, with [our country’s] Nazi past, I have to refrain to avoid the tiniest, little strand of any doubt that I am guilty of unethical conduct,” he said.

Original report from ABC News

Posted in Business, China, Education, ethnic, Event, Law, Life, News, People, Social, USA, World | 1 Comment »

Ontario’s Education Minister Says the Chinese Spectacular Is ‘Wonderful’

Posted by Author on January 20, 2008


By Matthew Little, Epoch Times Staff, Jan 19, 2008- Ontario's education minister Kathleen Wynne said she is 'very much enjoying the show.' (The Epoch Times)

Ontario’s education minister took in the Divine Performing Arts Chinese New Year Spectacular on Saturday and said she thoroughly enjoyed the show.

“I’m very much enjoying the show,” said Minister Kathleen Wynne during the intermission. “The color, the athletic ability and the precision of the dancers, it’s very compelling and very beautiful.”

“I love the drummers,” she added. “I think that the drums strike a very deep place in all of us. I think it’s wonderful.”

(photo: Ontario’s education minister Kathleen Wynne)

The minister said she enjoyed learning specific Chinese traditions through the spectacular and that she saw connections between the dance and music in the Spectacular and other cultures. “It’s quite interesting.”

“I really believe that experiencing arts happens on a number of different levels. It happens on an intellectual level, but it’s a physical and emotional one as well. I’ve enjoyed it on everyone of those levels.” The Spectacular, a world-class production performed by the New York-based Divine Performing Arts Company, features an international cast of dancers, singers, and musicians devoted to reviving the authentic traditional culture of China and bringing it to new heights of excellence.

The show’s programs draw content from the myths, legends, and other extraordinary stories of China from ancient to contemporary times, spanning China’s 5,000 years of history.

Integral to the extravaganza of aesthetic beauty and grace are themes of courage and righteousness, loyalty and filial piety, honesty and trustworthiness, compassion and faith—themes that are true to the reverent and divinely inspired traditional culture of China.

“I think its very worthwhile seeing. I’m very glad I’m here. It’s just wonderful, said Wynne, and thanked the organizers and everyone involved in the Spectacular.

The Saturday matinee was the second of five shows in Toronto. After Toronto, the Spectacular will continue on its global tour, which includes an 11-day run at the legendary Radio City Music Hall in New York, called the Chinese New Year Splendor.

The Spectacular returns to Canada in the spring to play in Vancouver, Edmonton, and Calgary. By the end of its tour, it will have played to a total live audience of 650,000 in over 60 cities and 14 countries.

The Epoch Times is a proud sponsor of the Divine Performing Arts shows that will perform in over 60 cities worldwide in 2008. To find a show near you, please visit www.bestchineseshows.com.

Original report from the Epochtimes

Posted in all Hot Topic, Canada, celebration, Chinese Culture, Culture, Dance, Education, Entertainment, Event, Life, Music, News, People, shows, Social, the Chinese Spectacular, World | Comments Off on Ontario’s Education Minister Says the Chinese Spectacular Is ‘Wonderful’

Activist Details Labor Abuses Against Chinese Teachers

Posted by Author on January 17, 2008


By Sean Cavanagh, Education Week News, MD, Jan. 16, 2008-

Washington– As China’s economy surges, many of the workers powering that growth are coping with low wages, scarce legal protections, and poor on-the-job conditions—not just in the nation’s mines and factories, but also in its classrooms, a leading labor advocate contends.

Han Dongfang, who took part in the Tiananmen Square protests and now directs a Chinese labor-rights organization, detailed those concerns about the rights of educators and other workers at a Washington event this week, which coincided with the release of a pair of reports on labor conditions in China.

The reports describe growing concerns about labor abuses that advocates say have occurred with burgeoning privatization in the Asian nation, in both state-owned and newly emergent private industries.

Many teachers, particularly in rural areas, work for little pay and with few resources, and with no opportunity to improve their working conditions through organized labor, Mr. Han said.

China’s changing economy “plays a huge role,” Mr. Segal said. There’s been “a dismantling of the social-welfare net.”

There “are no bargaining rights at all,” he told reporters in Washington Jan.15. “Not only are teachers left behind, children are left behind.”

Mr. Han took part in the 1989 public protests in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square, which were violently suppressed by the Chinese authorities. As a result of his activism, he says, he was later imprisoned for a period of nearly two years. He directs the China Labour Bulletin, a Hong Kong-based labor-rights group founded in 1994.

His appearance was arranged with help from the Albert Shanker Institute, a Washington nonprofit established by the American Federation of Teachers and named in honor of its late president. He spoke at the National Press Club about the release of two new reports: “A Cry for Justice: the Voices of Chinese Workers,” published by the institute, and “Speaking Out: The Workers’ Movement in China,”Requires Adobe Acrobat Reader issued by Mr. Han’s organization.

The reports include the accounts of workers in factories, coal mines, oilfields, and other industries who were interviewed by Mr. Han, institute officials said. From Hong Kong, Mr. Han conducts interviews with workers and peasants in China on a radio program, Radio Free Asia.

Teachers’ Unions Banned

China’s government has made a major push in recent years to expand access to education to rural and underserved populations, such as migrant families pouring into cities in search of work. It has also sought to replace the rote, test-dominated instruction in its schools, which serve an estimated 230 million K-12 students, with lessons that promote creativity and problem-solving.

Despite those pledges from the government, teachers in many areas of China, particularly rural and remote areas, have low wages—in some cases, the equivalent of about $12 U.S. per month, according to one of the reports. Since the economic reforms of the 1980s, the central Communist government in Beijing transferred more authority over education to local governments. But that transformation has spawned other problems, namely corruption, the Shanker Insitute report maintains.

“Teachers have traditionally enjoyed great respect in Chinese society because they belong to a revered group—the intelligentsia,” the institute’s report, “A Cry for Justice,” says. “Yet their elite social status hasn’t brought them economic rewards.”

Teachers in some parts of China have responded with public protests and strikes, the report says, and some have sought to organize teachers’ unions. But the government squelched many of those efforts, it says.

The Chinese government has over the years approved job protections for workers in various professions, including teaching, according to Mr. Han and information from his organization. But there is often no way to enforce those protections for workers because government officials ignore the violations, he said.

The Chinese Embassy in Washington did not respond to a request for comment about the reports or Mr. Han’s conclusions.

While it is sometimes difficult to gauge the exact motivations behind public demonstrations in China, there have been credible institute reports that the number has increased in recent years, with workplace conditions acting as a likely spark, said Adam Segal, a senior fellow in China studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, in New York City.

Mr. Segal agreed with the report’s finding that free-market forces have contributed to instability, as workers have moved from state-controlled jobs to those with fewer government protections. The needs of China’s new industries, and the massive migration of workers, including teachers, from the countryside into cities have fueled those conditions, he added.

For teachers, “the issue is going to be pay and whether they’re being paid” at all, he said.

Original report from Education Week

Posted in Asia, China, Economy, Education, employment, Human Rights, income, Life, News, People, Politics, Rural, Social, World | Comments Off on Activist Details Labor Abuses Against Chinese Teachers

For China’s Journalism Students, Censorship Is a Core Concept

Posted by Author on January 2, 2008


By Edward Cody, Washington Post Foreign Service, U.S. Monday, December 31, 2007-

BEIJING — About 200 Tsinghua University journalism students filled a classroom one recent Friday evening for a two-hour lecture on the political history of Tibet.

The mountainous territory has always been an inalienable part of China, they were told, and the Dalai Lama is a sly traitor hiding behind his Buddhist religion to promote secession. The lecture, a rendition of China’s standard government line, put some students to sleep, but most listened patiently.

The guest professor, Zhou Xiaoming, a Tibet specialist and government consultant, was providing the students with their latest class in “Marxist journalism.” The course, required for graduates and undergraduates, was brought to the elite university by its recently founded Research Center on Marxist Journalism and Journalistic Education Reform.

The center has in its first year of operation become a vivid example of the tension between China’s rush toward modernization and the Communist Party’s insistence on retaining control over the flow of information. Journalism students at Tsinghua are taught not only about Watergate and the rise of the Internet, but also about the restricted role reporters are expected to play under a Marxist government such as China’s.

In China, that role traditionally has been to support the government by spreading propaganda and suppressing news that contradicts policy or puts officials in a bad light. But as the country has opened to the world in the last three decades, many journalists — and journalism students and their professors–have acquired new ambitions for their craft, such as investigative reporting on official corruption.

Against that background, the party’s Central Committee in 2001 urged Chinese media and journalism schools to adopt the concept of “Marxist journalism.” The term was broadly interpreted to mean journalism that the government views as improving society and taking account of Chinese realities, including censorship under one-party rule.

Fan Jingyi, a former editor of People’s Daily, the Communist Party’s official newspaper, set out at about the same time as the Central Committee edict to supply Tsinghua journalism students with a framework of proper Marxist theory for their studies. Fan, 76, came to Tsinghua and began teaching his course, mostly by inviting editors and government officials to be guest lecturers. Named dean of the journalism department, he started the research center at the beginning of 2007 and serves as its director. All journalism professors at the university are automatically members of the center.

“It is really significant to strengthen the Marxist concept of journalism in education,” Fan explained in an academic journalism review, adding that the Communist Party’s Propaganda Department and the Education Ministry encouraged him to pursue the issue.

“Reviewing the reality of journalistic education, one finds many inclinations that need attention,” he continued. “One is out-of-date textbooks. One is the Westernized concept of journalism. And another is the abstract research approach in which theory and practice do not match. These problems can only be solved by strengthening the Marxist concept of journalism.”

Tsinghua University, one of China’s most renowned institutions of learning, would not explain further the center’s purpose or mission.

Fan, who is convalescing from a serious illness, declined to be interviewed, as did Li Xiguang, executive dean of the journalism department, and Li Bin, associate dean and co-editor with Fan of the course’s main textbook, “Fifteen Lectures on the Marxist Concept of Journalism.”

Interviews with students and others associated with the center suggested unease at what the Marxist journalism courses were supposed to impart. Some students said they could not remember what they were taught, or that they paid little attention because they were concentrating on other subjects. None seemed eager to discuss the course……. (more details from Washington Post)

Posted in Beijing, censorship, China, Education, Freedom of Speech, history, Human Rights, Media, News, People, Politics, Social, Student, World | 1 Comment »

Confucius say … universities at risk in link-up with Chinese Government

Posted by Author on November 22, 2007


Tom Hyland, The Age, Australia, November 18, 2007- 

AUSTRALIAN universities risk jeopardising their academic freedom by accepting Chinese Government money to set up new institutes, a former senior Australian diplomat has warned.

Melbourne University is one of four Australian universities that have set up, or are about to open, Confucius institutes.

The institutes are partly funded by the Chinese Government as part of a co-ordinated official campaign to win international influence by projecting “soft” power.

The institutes risk “dumbing down” research and producing propaganda, says Jocelyn Chey, a former China specialist in the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade.

Professor Chey was posted three times to China and Hong Kong, including a stint as consul-general in Hong Kong. She warned that universities need to approach the institutes with their eyes open, and “vigilantly guard their autonomy and academic freedom”.

Confucius institutes may have some value in their aims to teach Chinese language and culture, said Professor Chey, a visiting professor at the University of Sydney.

But she said universities needed to understand the political and strategic motives behind them, and that any move by the institutes to promote academic research was “fundamentally flawed” because of their close association with the Chinese Communist Party (CCP).

“At best, it will result in a dumbing-down of research; at worst, it will produce propaganda,” she said.

Professor Chey has outlined her concerns in an interview with The Sunday Age, and in a paper to be delivered tomorrow at the Sydney Institute, a think tank.

More than 120 Confucius institutes have been set up around the world, almost all attached to universities.

They are promoted by the National Office for Teaching Chinese as a Foreign Language, commonly known as Hanban, attached to the Chinese Ministry of Education.

Hanban’s English-language website is open about the political and strategic thinking behind the institutes. The website carries a report on a “study session” attended by all CCP members of Hanban’s staff in February 2005, in which they were informed of the “positive significance” of the institutes in improving China’s “soft power”.

As a result of the session, party members gained a better understanding of the need to “enhance the party’s ability to exercise state power”.

Confucius institutes are operating at the universities of Western Australia, Adelaide and Melbourne. Sydney University is about to set one up……. ( more details from The Age)

Posted in Australia, Business, China, Chinese Culture, Culture, Education, News, Politics, Social, World | Comments Off on Confucius say … universities at risk in link-up with Chinese Government

China: University Graduate Committed Suicide When Could Not Find a Job

Posted by Author on November 19, 2007


ChinaScope Magazine, Sun, 11/18/2007-

At 9:40 on October 31, 2006, a young man jumped to his death from the 7th floor of a student dormitory building at Zhongying College, Quanzhou, Fujian Province. The police found a suicide note. The deceased said he committed suicide because he could not find a satisfactory job and did not want to be a burden to his parents. His relatives said that he was depressed before he committed suicide. [1]

The student, Hong Qiankun, 26 years old, was a third year graduate student in the department of chemical engineering at Tsinghua University, Beijing. He was born in Jingjiang, Fujian.

Hong’s father said sadly that Hong was going to graduate this year. His entire family was proud when he became an undergraduate student at Tsinghua University 7 years ago. Hong had previously been quite outgoing, but became introverted more recently and did not like to talk. He had been on vacation at his aunt’s home in Quanzhou (Fujian) since September because of depression.

In his note, Hong said: “I am sorry, I could not find a job… Dad and Mom, I am not a dutiful son and I do not want to become a burden for all of you. This is my choice.”

Hong’s aunt said Hong chose to go to graduate school after undergraduate because he could not find a good job. However, even as a graduate student, he could find a job. He felt great pressure and was often in a bad mood or sat by himself in a trance-like state. [1]

According to an official study by the Chinese Ministry of Personnel, nearly 60% of the graduate students studied regretted entering graduate school because of frustration in seeking a job [2]. In fact, it is more and more difficult for undergraduate students to find jobs [3]. The employment rate for undergraduate students was 80% for 2002, 75% for 2003, 73% for 2004, and 72.6% for 2005. More and more undergraduate students choose to work rather than to continue their education. [4]

In Liaoning Province, the employment rate in 2005 was 63.6% for undergraduate students and 82.9% for graduate students. [5]

Note:

Please check original report from Chinascope

Posted in China, Education, employment, Life, News, People, Social, Student, World | Comments Off on China: University Graduate Committed Suicide When Could Not Find a Job

Video: Part 8, Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party

Posted by Author on November 5, 2007


This is the 8th of Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party, by The Epoch Times, Dec 09, 2004, Video by NTDTV

On How the Chinese Communist Party Is an Evil Cult

Foreword

The collapse of the socialist bloc headed by the Soviet Union in the early 1990s marked the failure of communism after almost a century. However, the CCP unexpectedly survived and still controls China, a nation with one fifth of the world’s population. An unavoidable question arises: Is the CCP today still truly communist?

No one in today’s China, including Party members, believes in communism. After fifty years of socialism, the CCP has now adopted private ownership and even has a stock market. It seeks foreign investment to establish new ventures, while exploiting workers and peasants as much as it can. This is completely opposite to the ideals of communism. Despite compromising with capitalism, the CCP maintains autocratic control of the people of China. The Constitution, as revised in 2004, still rigidly states “Chinese people of various ethnicities will continue adhering to the people’s democratic dictatorship and socialist path under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party and the guidance of Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong’s ideology, Deng Xiaoping’s theory and the important thought of the ‘Three Represents’…”

“The leopard has died, but its skin is still left” [1]. Today’s CCP only has “its skin” left. The CCP inherited this skin and uses it to maintain its rule over China.

What is the nature of the skin inherited by the CCP, i.e., the very organization of the CCP?

******************I. The Cultish Traits of the CCP

The Communist Party is essentially an evil cult that harms mankind.

Although the Communist Party has never called itself a religion, it matches every single trait of a religion (Table 1). At the beginning of its establishment, it regarded Marxism as the absolute truth in the world. It piously worshipped Marx as its spiritual God, and exhorted people to engage in a life-long struggle for the goal of building a “communist heaven on earth.”

Table 1. Religious Traits of the CCP.

The Basic Forms of a Religion The Corresponding Forms of the CCP
1 Church or platform (podium) All levels of the Party committee; the platform ranges from Party meetings to all media controlled by the CCP
2 Doctrines Marxism-Leninism, Mao Zedong’s Ideology, Deng Xiaoping’s Theory, Jiang Zemin’s “Three Represents”, and Party Constitution
3 Initiation rites Ceremony in which oaths are taken to be loyal to the CCP forever
4 Commitment to one religion A member may only believe in the communist party
5 Priests Party Secretaries and staff in charge of party affairs on all levels
6 Worshiping God Slandering all Gods, and then establishing itself as an unnamed “God”
7 Death is called “ascending to heaven or descending to hell” Death is called “going to see Marx”
8 Scriptures The theory and writings of the Communist Party leaders
9 Preaching All sorts of meetings; leaders’ speeches
10 Chanting scriptures; study or cross-examination of scriptures Political studies; routine group meetings or activities for the Party members
11 Hymn (religious songs) Songs to eulogize the Party
12 Donations Compulsory membership fees; mandatory allocation of governmental budget, which is money from people’s sweat and blood, for the Party’s use
13 Disciplinary punishment Party disciplines ranging from “house arrest and investigation” and “expulsion from the Party” to deadly tortures and even punishments of relatives and friends

The Communist Party is significantly different from any righteous religion. All orthodox religions believe in God and benevolence, and have as their purpose instructing humanity about morality and saving souls. The Communist Party does not believe in God and opposes traditional morality.

What the Communist Party has done proves itself to be an evil cult. The Communist Party’s doctrines are based upon class struggle, violent revolution and the dictatorship of the proletariat and have resulted in the so-called “communist revolution” full of blood and violence. The red terror under communism has lasted for about a century, bringing disasters to dozens of countries in the world and costing tens of millions of lives. The communist belief, one that created a hell on earth, is nothing but the vilest cult in the world……. ( more details from On How the Chinese Communist Party Is an Evil Cult— Part 8, Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party)

Related:
Video: Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party
Official website of Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party

Posted in China, Communist Party, Education, history, News, Nine Commentaries, Politics, Religion, Report, Social, Spiritual, Video, World | Comments Off on Video: Part 8, Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party

China Universities’ Major Problems is Bureaucracy, Says Professor

Posted by Author on October 26, 2007


ChinaScope Magazine, Mon, 10/22/2007-

“China’s universities look more and more like a bureaucracy,” said Chen Pingyuan, a renowned Beijing University professor. During the Guangzhou University School Culture Building Forum on October 9, 2007, the humanities scholar offered his observations on four major problems facing today’s Chinese universities. Jinan University Party Committee Secretary, Jiang Shuzhuo, and the Dean of Zhongshan University’s School of Humanities, Chen Chunsheng, also attended the Forum. [1]

Chen pointed out that many retired officials from the Ministry of Education and other administrative departments have taken leadership positions in institutions of higher learning. While this has brought in resources and facilitated “getting things done,” (an expression used among mainlanders to imply going through the back door to “get things done), it has made university administration increasingly powerful, “to the point of interfering with the universities’ development.”

Requirements from the government, the media and the people in universities have been overly demanding and have disrupted the pace of universities’ development, according to Chen. “There has been a kind of upwelling of Great-Leap-Forward [2] ideology in universities. Everyone hopes for rapid development.” He proposed that professors and students should be given the time and room to think and to express themselves.

Chen also stated his personal belief that second-class rather than first-class scholars should be university presidents. He explained, “When a person reaches the zenith of his profession, he will have a blind spot.” Such a person may easily be self-willed and prejudiced, and it will be very difficult for him/her to support other fields of studies.

Chen also expressed that over secularization is another major problem. He cited a loss of school culture. “Today, there are few ways for faculty and students to participate together in activities on campus. A disconnect between the faculty and students is a major problem.”

Zhongshan University’s Dean of the School of Humanities, Chen Chunsheng, predicted that five years from now, no one will be talking about sinology. “Sinology is no longer studied in current academic and social disciplines,” said the dean. “There is also no one who can do sinological research.”

Note:

[1] Yangcheng Evening News, October 12, 2007
http://www.ycwb.com/xkb/2007-10/12/content_1644609.htm
[2] The Great Leap Forward (大跃进) was an economic and social plan implemented from 1958 to 1960. It aimed to use China’s vast population to rapidly transform mainland China from a primarily agrarian economy dominated by peasant farmers into a modern, industrialized communist society. Mao Zedong based this program on the Theory of Productive Forces. The Great Leap Forward is now widely seen, both within China and outside, as a major economic disaster. An estimated 20 million (possibly as many as 40 million) people died as result of Mao’s efforts.

– Original report from chinascope.org : Professor Discusses Chinese Universities’ Major Problems

Posted in China, Education, News, Official, People, Politics, World | 1 Comment »

China Official Shuts School to Honour the Anniversary of His Mother’s Death

Posted by Author on October 25, 2007


Reuters, Thu Oct 25, 2007-

BEIJING (Reuters) – A village official in northern China cancelled classes at a local school for several days to honour the anniversary of his mother’s death with on-campus performances of traditional opera.

Last week, the local primary school in Baodian, a village in Shanxi province, became a de facto theatre, with local residents watching traditional opera performed on a “towering” stage set up on campus grounds, according to a local newspaper report that was carried in Thursday’s Beijing News.

“Some of the school’s classrooms were locked, while others had been converted into living quarters for a troupe of actors,” the report said.

“Because of the opera, students could not go to classes, so the school arranged a holiday,” the paper added, citing students.

The official was tight-lipped when tracked down, the report said, telling the paper: “This is my private family business. You have no right to interfere.”

Once denounced as “feudal” in Mao-era China, Confucian notions of filial piety and honouring dead family members have made a comeback in recent decades, and are particularly strong in remote rural areas.

In April, local authorities in Changyuan county in central China announced they would vet officials’ filial piety and family values when deciding on promotions.

Original report from Reuters

Posted in Central China, China, Education, Event, memorial, News, Official, People, Politics, Shanxi, Social, World | Comments Off on China Official Shuts School to Honour the Anniversary of His Mother’s Death

2,000 Former Soldiers Rioted in 3 China Cities Over Poor Living Conditions

Posted by Author on September 13, 2007


Reuters, Via Toronto Star, Canada, Sep 12, 2007 –

BEIJING–About 2,000 former soldiers rioted in three Chinese cities last week over poor conditions in railway vocational schools where they were retraining, a rights group said.

Nearly 1,000 smashed equipment and set fires in their school in Baotou in Inner Mongolia and clashed with hundreds of police. At least 20 people were injured and five were arrested, the Hong Kong-based Information Centre for Human Rights and Democracy said yesterday.

Similar riots occurred in Baoji, in the northwestern province of Shaanxi, and Wuhan, capital of Hubei province in central China, on the same day, Sept. 3, the centre said in a faxed statement.

“Food in the schools is bad and expensive. The dormitories have no electrical outlets and the students need to pay to recharge their cellphones,” it said.

An official at the Baoji school refused to confirm details, saying only that “everything has returned to normal.

“It was not a big deal, and things like that happen on campus a lot. But it was exaggerated by some people,” he said. “I do not want to say anything more about it, because it would not be good for our school’s reputation.”

The Wuhan school would not comment. Phones at the Baotou school were disconnected.

An official at the Railway Ministry declined to comment.

The simultaneous incidents, in which school property was smashed or set on fire, were organized by some of the former soldiers, the centre said.

The rioters were among 6,000 discharged troops the ministry recruited in July to be trained at 12 railway vocational schools across the country, it said.

Troops discharged from the People’s Liberation Army used to be offered good posts in the government or the police, but reforms in recent years have meant most of them have been left on their own after being demobilized, fuelling discontent.

It is rare in China for co-ordinated protests to hit several cities simultaneously, demonstrating the power of cellphones and the Internet, the Hong Kong-based group added.

– Report from Toronto Star: 2,000 retired soldiers riot over poor living conditions

Posted in Central China, China, Education, Food, Hubei, Incident, Inner Mongolia, Life, military, News, North China, NW China, People, Riot, Shaanxi, Social, Soldier, World, Wuhan | Comments Off on 2,000 Former Soldiers Rioted in 3 China Cities Over Poor Living Conditions

For China’s Censors, Electronic Offenders Are the New Frontier

Posted by Author on September 11, 2007


By Edward Cody, Washington Post Foreign Service, Monday, September 10, 2007-

DANZHOU, China — Li Hua was outraged. The public high school where he had been teaching civics for six years was about to be swallowed up by a fancy private institution. The merger had been ordered by local officials, Li suspected, because they had a financial stake in the big new school and wanted to see it flourish.

Following the literary traditions of this little farm town in the center of Hainan Island, just off China’s southern rim, Li gave voice to his anger with a bawdy folk song in the distinctive local dialect. Among other things, it said merrily that Danzhou’s leaders “sold us like pigs, sold our flesh and sold our doo-doo.” One verse took things a step further: It named as main culprits the Danzhou Communist Party secretary, Zhao Zhongshe; the deputy mayor, Wang Yuehua; and the school superintendent, Li Shenghua.

Li’s irreverent ditty was folk art of a kind Danzhou officials did not appreciate. On July 27, five days after the lyrics were posted on various Web sites — including the school system’s — Li was thrown in jail. He was interrogated twice, he recalled, and forced to translate the song into Mandarin Chinese so his jailers could understand it. At noon on the seventh day, he was released, but only after writing a self-criticism about how naughty it was to compose ribald lyrics describing the actions of party officials.

“I felt the sky was broken and the earth was cracked,” Li said, still appearing shaken and dejected as he described his experience six weeks later. “When I made up that folk song, I could never have imagined it would bring me such trouble.”

Li, 31, a short, slight native of the nearby countryside who has big, round eyes, fell victim to the Communist Party’s enduring determination to decide what Chinese people can read or hear, sing or say, write or perform. His travails were not unusual for modern China, even in a backwater town far from the center of power in Beijing. More than a quarter-century after Deng Xiaoping launched the country on a course of drastic reforms, the party at all levels has clung to rigid censorship over information and art — including folk songs in a dialect only the locals understand.

But party censors are now turning to China’s booming Internet and cellphone networks with particular vigor. Given the easy access to technologies such as text messaging, censors have found it difficult to keep a grip on information.

It hasn’t been for lack of trying. The Public Security Ministry, which monitors the Internet under guidance from the Central Propaganda Department, has recruited an estimated 30,000 people to snoop on electronic communications. The ministry recently introduced two cartoon characters — a male and female in police uniforms — that it said would pop up on computer screens occasionally to remind people that their activity is being tracked.

Traditionally, the censors’ main concern has been keeping political expression in check. That has become particularly urgent, officials say, as the country prepares for the 17th Communist Party Congress in October, during which President Hu Jintao is to solidify his leadership and move a successor into place. But because transmitting information of all kinds through the Internet and cellphone messages is relatively easy, the party’s censorship bureaucrats also have been fighting new battles. As Li Hua’s case showed, the enemy is not always political……. ( more details from the Washington Post)

Posted in Business, China, corruption, Economy, Education, Freedom of Speech, Hainan, Human Rights, Internet, Law, News, Official, People, Politics, Social, South China, website, World | 1 Comment »

Report: Failings of China’s School System is The Root of Child Labour

Posted by Author on September 4, 2007


Press release, China Labour Bulletin

Small Hands: A survey report on Child Labour in China provides a timely, detailed and insightful analysis of the growing problem of child labour in China. Based on research carried out on the ground in 2005, the report explores both the demand for child labour in China and the supply of child labour stemming from serious failings in the rural school system.

Our researchers talked to government labour officials, school teachers and administrators, factory owners, child workers and their parents to build up a picture of the living and working conditions of child labourers and explore the reasons why these children drop out of school early and go into work.

Because child workers have no ability to protect themselves, they are generally paid less, work longer hours and live in poorer conditions than adult workers. Moreover, because child labour is illegal, very often workers and their employers will develop covert alliances to avoid detection by government and law enforcement agencies, thus driving the problem further underground.

While poverty is clearly an important factor in the creation of child labour, the report identifies the failings of China’s school system as the root cause of the problem. China’s investment in education is only 2.7 per cent of its GDP, less than half the United Nations’ recommended level of funding. Primary and secondary schools in poor rural counties receive minimal, if any, government funding, and students’ parents have for many years provided the bulk of the funding through the payment of various “miscellaneous fees.” This forces parents to make a cost/benefit analysis between the cost of their child’s education, the potential benefits of further education and the immediate benefits of dropping out of school early finding work. Our researchers discovered the drop out rate for middle school students in some areas was around 40 per cent or even higher.

The problem is exacerbated by a school curriculum at both primary and secondary levels that emphasizes academic excellence over broad-based vocational training. Many students drop out simply because they cannot keep-up; while others are weeded out by schools anxious to show off high examination pass rates. And even if rural students do make it all the way to university, they now have very little chance of a good job on graduation, making the benefits of continuing education even more questionable and remote.

In the final section of the report, China Labour Bulletin recommends that the laws on child labour be simplified and clarified and that officials are both equipped and encouraged to effectively implement the law. In order to limit and eventually eliminate the supply of child labour, CLB recommends that the government provide sufficient funding to ensure that the compulsory stages of education in China are genuinely free to all, and that a much greater role be given to non-governmental organizations and social groups in tackling and eroding the socio-economic foundations of child labour supply.

To read the report in full click here (in .PDF).

Original report from China Labour Bulletin

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China: Beijing Police Patrol 10 University Campuses 24/7 to Prevent Demonstration

Posted by Author on August 23, 2007


ChinaScope, 08/21/2007 –

Beijing authorities have established police stations at 10 universities. Police will be on patrol 24/7 on campus. Rights activists view it as a move to re-enforce control over college students because students have been demonstrating lately. [1]

Student demonstrations have been on the rise at Chinese universities. This is unprecedented since the June 4th student movement and has involved participants from several hundred to several thousand. [2]

Last July, students at the University of Electronic Science and Technology of the China Zhongshan Institute held a demonstration refusing to change dormitory rooms.

On June 12, Sichuan University authorities cut off electricity at midnight to prevent students from watching a broadcast of the World Cup, leading to several thousand students protesting on campus. Another student demonstration occurred in June at Henan Zhengzhou University when students protested over diploma issues.

Last December, over 3,000 students at Dongran protested on campus over high tuition and the university’s refusal to issue diplomas.

Because of the students’ role in the June 4, 1989, demonstration on Tiananmen Square, that led to the authorities’ brutal massacre, China treats any student demonstrations with extreme caution.

Notes:
[1]~[2] details from original report by ChinaScope.org : Beijing Police Patrol University Campuses 24/7

Posted in Beijing, China, Education, Human Rights, Law, News, People, Politics, Protest, Social, Student, World | 3 Comments »

Changing HIV / Aids trends in China

Posted by Author on August 23, 2007


BBC News, 22 August 2007-

Unsafe sex has, for the first time, become the main means of transmission of HIV/Aids in China, overtaking injecting drug use. The BBC’s Jill McGivering looks at some of the issues this will raise.

In many ways, the pattern of spread of HIV/Aids in China was predictable.

It mirrors similar patterns in many other countries.

Initial clusters of cases in the 1980s and 1990s were attributed to specific causes.

Many infections came from contaminated blood transfusions, a product of poor screening and the then badly-regulated practice of buying and selling blood.

Most other cases were amongst injecting drug users and, until now, drug use was the main means of transmission nationally.

So news from Chinese officials that sex has now overtaken drug use as the main cause of HIV/Aids suggests confirmation of a new phase. It confirms that HIV is more fully entrenched in the mainstream population.

The news will also force the Chinese authorities to grasp a very painful nettle and pursue more aggressive mainstream education campaigns to prevent the further spread of HIV.

That is challenging for almost every society. For China, it will be particularly difficult.

Changing attitudes

Fear about a more rapid spread of HIV through sex comes just as China is starting to change its sexual behaviour.

In the recent past, it has been a conservative society – both in its attitudes and its practices.

That is changing. China’s process of opening up to the outside world has exposed its population to more liberal ideas – from fashion to sex.

Greater freedom of movement has allowed millions of migrant workers to swap the watchful, generally repressive, eyes of their families and communities for the anonymity of the city.

Male workers, away from their wives and parents, have more opportunity, at lower social risk, to expand their sexual horizons.

Some surveys, cited in the state media, suggest one in 10 sexually active men has bought sex from a prostitute. The real number may be higher.

Punitive official attitudes towards sex workers, who operate in a grey area legally, make it difficult to target them in education and health programmes.

Even if sex workers know about HIV/Aids, it can be difficult for them to insist that clients use condoms.

Premarital sex is also becoming more acceptable.

One recent survey of sexual attitudes found that more than half of the people questioned thought pre-marital sex was acceptable.

The percentage was highest amongst the young.

Embarrassment and horror

But when it comes to talking, sex is still a taboo subject.

Last year, I visited Ruili in Yunnan Province. The town, close to the border with Burma, is sometimes dubbed the HIV capital of China.

Some of the country’s first cases appeared here and the infection rate is one of the highest in the country.

It is also one of the most progressive in addressing HIV education. But even here, there was embarrassment and denial when we talked to officials about the sex workers who were clearly visible on the town’s streets.

When I went to see a pioneering sex education class for teenagers – a controversial concept in China – the teenagers collapsed in embarrassed giggles and hoots of laughter when asked basic questions about puberty and dating.

When I asked some of them later if their parents had ever talked to them about sex, they looked horrified at the very idea.

Acute embarrassment, censorious attitudes from figures of authority – from officials to parents – and a lack of medical confidentiality; these all mean that sexual behaviour is difficult to assess and sexual health hard to track.

Many people with sexual transmitted infections are reluctant to seek help at all.

But the warning signs are there. A recent report on syphilis suggested rates are rising at an alarming speed. That is a concern in itself – but it is also a frightening indicator.

As one doctor described it, the spread of syphilis is a metaphor for the spread of other sexually transmitted infections – and untreated syphilis will amplify the spread of HIV as well.

Original report from BBC News

Posted in AIDS, China, Economy, Education, Family, Health, News, People, Politics, Social, South China, teenager, World | 1 Comment »

Suicides in China: 2.3 Times the Global Rate

Posted by Author on August 20, 2007


China Scope, 08/19/2007-

According to an official study done in 2002 in China, 287,000 people commit suicide every year. Suicide is the highest ranking cause of death in the age group of 15 to 34. It is the fifth largest for the general population. [1]

The rate of suicide in China is 2.3 times the global average. Suicides in China make up 30% of all suicides in the world (1 million each year). In addition, there are 2 million unsuccessful attempted suicides in China every year. [2, 3]

The No. 1 reason for up to 90% of suicides in other countries is mental problems [2, 3]. In China, however, suicide is often an immediate escape from an intense personal conflict rather than the result of mental problems.

More women than men commit suicide in China, which is in sharp contrast to the other parts of the world.

In rural areas, the suicide rate is 3 times that in cities. Seventy percent of those who commit suicide or attempt suicide never seek help with their problems. [4]

More college students committing suicide

In China, entering Beijing University is a great honor for students and their families. However, from April to July 2005, 3 Beijing University students committed suicide. From February to September, 14 university students in Beijing committed suicide [5].

According to a 2003 study, the rate of suicide among college students was 2 in every 10,000 [6]. A poll in 2004 indicated that 26% of all college students have thought of suicide, while 7% think about it often. [7]

The reasons for suicide include negative family influences, the pressure from studying and from life on campus, employment stresses in relationships with people, the student’s fragile mentality, diseases and negative media influences. [8]

Many of these students are the only child in their families. Their parents commonly have great expectations for them, tend to dote on them excessively and do too much for them. Thus when these students go out on their own, they are often mentally fragile, have difficulty enduring hardships and negative environmental impact, tend to be cowardly, feel inferior and have anxiety and other psychological problems.

In Guangzhou, a student committed suicide only because he “did not like the food at college, could not wash his clothes and could not get used to college life.” Many parents hire a babysitter near the campus for their children, or even rent a room nearby so that they can take care of their children themselves. [9]

The lack of religious or spiritual beliefs and China’s deteriorating moral values are other possible reasons [10, 11]. Suicide is considered a crime according to traditional Chinese culture and religions. However, the Chinese Communist Party has destroyed those traditions [12]. Today, religions, spiritual beliefs, and even large-scale Qigong practices in China are still under strict control or are prohibited. [13]

Notes:
[1]~[13], please check the original report from ChinaScope.org

Posted in Beijing, China, Education, Family, News, People, Report, Rural, Social, Student, World, Youth | 1 Comment »

Raped By Teachers in China: Nightmares for Young Girls

Posted by Author on August 15, 2007


ChinaScope, 08/12/2007-

In China, teaching has always been regarded as a highly respectable and honorable profession. However, in recent years, the number of teachers who rape and harass young students has increased, thus tarnishing that image.

On Jan 1, 2005, the New York Times reported that an elementary school teacher, Li Guang in Xinji, Gansu raped 26 students, the oldest of them being 14.

In 2003, the Chinese Ministry of Education reported 10 cases in which treachers in multiple provinces raped students.

In June 2007, a middle school teacher in Tongwei, Gansu was executed for raping 18 female students. These cases reflect the shift in moral values from traditional Chinese culture to Chinese Communist Party culture.

13-year-old girl Na Li’s Cases:

On March 10, 2005, 13-year-old Na Li’s life changed dramatically. Na was a student at the Puliqiao middle school in Lengshuitan district, Yongzhou City, Hunan. She had been living with her grandmother since her father’s death and her mother’s re-marriage. [1]

While she was doing math, her chief class teacher Junwei Wang took her to the hall and said, “The principals are not satisfied with your grades. You need my help to get good grades.”

Wang asked her which courses she did not pass last semester. Na answered, “English and Biology.”

Wang then asked her to bring her Biology and English books to his room. He took her to the bedroom, opened the Biology book to the chapter on female physiology and asked whether she knew where her body part was located. Na flushed, but Wang told her, “Don’t be shy in front of your teacher. Let me point to where it is.” He then stripped off her pants and raped her, warning her not to tell anyone.

On March 14, while in the physical education class, Wang told her that she was appointed the commissary for the PE class, and asked her to go to his room to write down her duties. Once in his room, he raped her again.

Na was under extreme fear. She went to her mother’s house and cried for days, but would not tell her mother what happened. Her mother persuade her to go back to school, where Wang attempted to rape her a few more times, but she refused to go to his room again. She became silent, sluggish, was in a trance state, and declined physically until she was very sick.

Wang also raped or harassed 7 other students. On December 25, 2005, several of them left school and home, which led Wang’s crimes surfacing. However, he was only sentenced to 5 years with the excuse that “the crimes were not so bad,” because he “did not rape them many times.” [1]

“A Nightmare for 26 Pupils”

On Jan 1, 2005, an article titled “Rape in China: A Nightmare for 26 Pupils” appeared in the New York Times. An elementary school teacher, Guang Li, raped 26 female students in his class. “The teacher always sent a girl to buy his cigarettes. He left the class unsupervised and waited in his office. When the girl returned to class with flushed cheeks and tousled hair, the other students said nothing.” [2]

“School is where our children learn,” said Cheng Junyin, the mother of a 14-year-old victim. “We thought it was the safest place for them.”

Quite a few similar cases have been exposed recently.

From Year 1998 to 2002
In 2002, a teacher, Daqing Ren, from Huiyao elementary school in Jiuquan City, Gansu was sentenced to death for raping 7 and harassing 6 female students. Of them 7 were under the age of 14. His death sentence was suspended. [3]

From 1999 to 2002, an elementary school teacher, Feng Su, raped and harassed 19 female students under 14 in the classroom, the water house of the school and his home. He told them, “I will kill you if you let others know.” He was executed in March 2003. His father, a district representative of China’s National People’s Congress, was also sentenced to two years for hiding his criminal son.

Su often gave the pupils extra lessons until 6-7 p.m. free of charge, visited students at home, appeared very polite and smiled sweetly. Therefore the parents had a good impresson of him and felt he was “diligent and responsible.”

When the children swore at him and hid from him when he visited, the parents thought their children were “ignorant” and scolded or beat them. [4]

In 2003, the Chinese Ministry of Education published a notifice that teachers had raped students in multiple provinces during the years from 1998 to 2002. [5]

The notifice mentioned 10 cases of theachers raping students in Liaoning, Jilin and other Provinces. Two of the criminals were executed. In addition, the principals of the schools and the education department officials were fired; the Party secretaries of the education department and the town were expelled from the Party and fired.

Year 2004

In January 2004, an elementary school teacher Guan Lin in Beiliu, Guangxi was sentenced to death for raping 4 female students. Those girls were only 9 to 12 years old. [7]

On June 8, 2004, in Linxia County in Gansu Province, a teacher from the Lujia elementary school, Huisheng Zhao, was arrested for raping and harassing 9 female students in his class. The oldest of them was under 15; the others were only 9 to 10 years old. One of them was raped about 100 times, as often as once a week. [6]

Year 2005

In December 2005, an elementary school teacher, Hongxian Liang, in Nanning City, Guangxi was executed for raping and harassing 14 students from 2003 to 2005. Most of them were only 7 to 8 years old. [8]

Year 2007

In January 2007, a teacher, Wu, in an elementary school in Luzai City, Guangxi was arrested for raping two 8-year-old female students. The teacher had been awarded “model” teacher 4 times and in 2006 had been promoted to advanced teacher. [9]

A middle school teacher, Laifu Cheng, in Changhe Town, Dingxi City, Gansu raped 18 students more than 70 times from 2001 to 2005. [10]

Sensitive Topic

According to the New York Times, the Chinese authorities are very sensitive to negative publicity and have limited the media from reporting these rapes [2]. Especially before the 17th National People’s Congress of the Chinese Communist Party, they have tinghtened control of the media. The guideline is to post “positive” reports as the mainstream and limit negative reports so as to create an impression of a “harmonious society.” [11-16]

A result of the Chinese Communist Party’s effort

According to the values of traditional Chinese culture, “promiscuous sex is number one of 10,000 evils.” Throughout China’s long history, there are no records of young students being raped or harassed.

Since 1949, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has launched numerous campaigns, including the Cultural Revolution, whose purpose was to destroy traditional Chinese culture and replace it with its own. It has promoted hatred, fighting and class struggle (for more details, refer to the sixth of the Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party [17]). China has become more and more erotic, and CCP officials appear to be leaders in the spread of pornography.

According to one study, 95% of the high-ranking officials had a second wife. Porn websites have proliferated and even wife swapping has become common [18-19].

Notes:
[1]~[19] Please check Original report from ChinaScope.Org : Nightmares for Young Girls in China: Increasing Cases of Elementary and Middle School Teachers Raping Students

Posted in Asia, Children, China, Education, Family, Gansu, Guangxi, Health, Hunan, Jilin, Law, Liaoning, Life, Nanning, NE China, News, NW China, People, Report, Social, South China, Student, World | Comments Off on Raped By Teachers in China: Nightmares for Young Girls

China Human Traffickers Used Malta As Base in Europe

Posted by Author on August 7, 2007


by Karl Schembri, Malta Today, 05 August 2007-

Malta has served as a logistical base and launching pad for at least two Chinese underground gangs, illegally trafficking hundreds of co-nationals to Sicily by powerboats on trips that have proved fatal in stormy seas.

The evidence emerges in the wake of the arrest of five Chinese traffickers in Italy, one in Spain, and the naming of two wanted suspects currently serving sentences in the Maltese prison after being found guilty in other cases of human trafficking.

Early last Friday, Italian police arrested five Chinese traffickers in the investigation called ‘Operazione Marco Polo’ that has involved the cooperation of Malta’s police since the fatal landing of Chinese immigrants in Sicily two years ago.

In the early hours of 24 March 2005, nine Chinese irregular immigrants drowned after being forcibly thrown into the cold sea some 15 miles off the Ragusa coast from a speedboat loaded with 15 immigrants, which had left Malta at around 1am. Three of the bodies were never found.

Last Friday’s arrested suspects were wanted by Interpol for at least 11 landings in which they carried 200 immigrants, including several who died on the shores of Sicily.

They were involved in the arrival of hundreds of Chinese from the regions of Zhejiang and Fujian through normal student visas issued by the Maltese embassy in Beijing between 2004 and 2005. Once here, the “students” would enrol in English language classes, but Malta was only a stepping stone into Europe for them as they would disappear after a few days, some of them forever.

The suspects arrested in Rome, Palermo, Catania, Avellino, Rovigo and Barcelona are directly connected to other fatal trips including that of 29 November 2004, when a Chinese woman in her 20s was found dead on a beach in Siracusa. Her trousers dirtied with sand, she was hit on her head a few hours before she was found, according to the autopsy.

A week later, the body of another woman was found drifting 40km off Siracusa. According to the inquiring magistrates, she was probably killed on the same day as the previous victim and carried away by the currents.

On 8 December 2004, the corpse of another woman in her twenties with a broken neck and a maimed face was found in Vizzini, Catania.

Also in December, another two Chinese nationals were found dead on the shores of Donnalucata, Ragusa.

One of the gang leaders masterminding the clandestine China-Malta-Italy route is Mulian Jiang, 37, who was arrested in Spain from where he operated a chain of around 15 restaurants.

According to police investigators, Jiang was responsible for the organisation and the arrival of Chinese nationals to Malta – a logistical base for the entire operations that was exposed in the March 2005 tragedy, fuelling an acerbic diplomatic dispute as Italy accused Malta of turning a blind eye to the trafficking of Asian immigrants.

The incident had also led to a clean sweep at the Maltese embassy in Beijing amid Opposition charges that one of the Maltese diplomats posted there was favouring a tourism agency specialising in language student travel by granting visas irregularly to its clients.

Although a police investigation ordered by Foreign Minister Michael Frendo found “no irregularities or criminal intent”, Ambassador Saviour Gauci, Consul Joe Pirotta and Jonathan Galea were removed from their China assignment as, according to the Foreign Office, visa administrative procedures “could have been followed more strictly”.

“What we did was to examine the administrative procedures adopted by the embassy, which were not strictly adhered to,” Frendo had said. “In the circumstances the credibility of the embassy has been irreversibly prejudiced.”

Denying accusations of “lack of cooperation” with Italy, Malta extradited two suspects accused in the March 2005 case; Carmelo Borg, 28, of St Paul’s Bay and Chinese national Wei Wang, 31. They are charged of conspiring with a Maltese criminal organisation and ferrying the illegal immigrants on that ill-fated journey.

In their testimony, the six Chinese survivors confirmed that the suspects took a total of 15 Chinese people on the speedboat. They were forced to jump out of the boat in the middle of the night into the cold sea.

They testified that they were forced to jump after being beaten on the head with oars. Those who did not know how to swim never reached the shore and drowned.

Another Chinese man resident in Malta, Lin Yi, 24, who is also wanted by the Italian authorities on this case, is currently serving a nine-year prison sentence and was fined Lm10,000 by a Maltese court after admitting to human trafficking and forging a stamp on his passport.

Survivors’ accounts and autopsies on the corpses of several Chinese immigrants found on Sicilian shores shed a light on the Chinese and Maltese traffickers’ ruthlessness and blatant disregard towards human life.

Armed with firearms, they forced immigrants to jump off their boats miles away from the Sicilian shores to avert the Italians’ surveillance. Those who disobeyed were brutally beaten with pistols or rifle butts, some even to death: “an example” to all those still on board of the fate that awaits protestors.

The other persons to end behind bars last week are Baizhen Jiang, 52; Yinkai Jian, 39; Jianyn Xu, 34; Wenhui Chen, 32 and Jiantong Zhang, 34.

Another seven international arrest warrants have been issued through Interpol.

Charlot Zahra contributed to this report.

Original report from MaltaToday.com.mt

Related:
Italian Police Disrupt Chinese Human Trafficking Ring, 5 Arrested in 5 Cities

Posted in Asia, China, East China, Education, Europe, Fujian, Health, Law, Life, News, People, SE China, Social, Student, Women, World, Zhejiang | Comments Off on China Human Traffickers Used Malta As Base in Europe