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Archive for the ‘Luo Gan’ Category

10 Forbidden Stories of 2009 in China (2)

Posted by Author on January 9, 2010


Epoch Times Staff, updated: Jan 7, 2010 – (Cont’d)

<< previous

Arrest warrants issued for crimes against humanity

In two breakthrough cases, one in Spain, one in Argentina, top Chinese officials were indicted for crimes against humanity for their roles in the persecution of the Falun Gong spiritual practice.

The Spanish case was against five Chinese officials, the Argentina case against two: Jiang Zemin and Luo Gan. It was the first time that a court recognized the campaign against the group as legally fitting the definition of genocide. In both cases the officials were called before the court to face the charges.

In the Spanish case, the judge sent the accused officials a series of questions about their roles in the persecution of Falun Gong; their failure to respond could result in arrest warrants being issued. The Argentine judge directly issued arrest warrants in his decision, valid for any country with which Argentina has an extradition treaty. The rulings were hailed for bringing justice closer to the victims of the persecution of Falun Gong. (to be cont’d)

Posted in China, Communist Party, Crime against humanity, Falun Gong, Genocide, Human Rights, Jiang Zemin, Law, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Social, World | Comments Off on 10 Forbidden Stories of 2009 in China (2)

Lawyer Speaks on China’s Former Communist Head’s Genocide Case in Argentine (3)

Posted by Author on December 26, 2009


By Lin Lin, Epoch Times Staff, Dec. 25, 2009- (cont’d)

<< previous

What meaning does this decision have for Argentina, for China and for the international community?

For Argentina, the country is playing the lead role of a most efficient and accurate administration of justice, against the abusive behavior of an authoritarian state, that does not hesitate to commit horrific crimes against its own citizens, for merely exercising their natural freedom of thought, as aligned with their convictions. This places our country in the forefront of the enforcement of international law in the defense of human rights, and as an example of a direction–which the world today needs now more than ever before–to follow. At the very least, it can be said that Judge Aráoz de Lamadrid has attained this level; what is left to be seen is whether the country can come up to the same level as the judge.

For China, or rather the Chinese people, it means that this could be the beginning of the end of a dictatorship that has been in power for 60 years, exercised through a bloody repression that has claimed more than 85 million victims.

And for the international community it is a wake-up call. This judge, through this courageous decision, has faced the representatives of a monstrous power that dominates minds and wills through money obtained from exploitation and oppression of it own people, those who are sick and tired of the ruling regime.

What does this case and this latest decision mean to you personally?

I remember, like it was yesterday, the words of Alexandru Victor Micula, the Ambassador of Romania in Argentina, at the International Seminar ‘Socialist experience and transitions’ (Experiencia socialista y transiciones), organized by CADAL, the Hayek Institute and the Department of History at the University of Belgrano. The event marked the anniversary of the fall of the Berlin Wall, in November 2005. He said, “There isn’t anyone who has not lived under a communist dictatorship that can have any idea what it means.” He was referring to the control by the ruling party from birth to death of people in all aspects of life, and that represented the unbearable oppression for his people.

However, I can state that in these four years spent on this research, the reports and literature that I have read in this connection, the conferences I have attended, the statements of witnesses which I have heard, [these things] have led me to only the crudest understanding of the meaning of those words spoken by Alexandru Micula.

That’s why I do not regret having started and continued until this moment, fighting for the truth that exposes the cruelty of the communist system, a system which represents much more than the appropriation of large properties and the expulsion of multinationals.

It constitutes the maintenance of an oppressive, police-like state, lacking any type of freedom of worship, association, thought, and ultimately of freedom as a whole, as it is understood in free western democracies. (End)

Read the original Spanish article.

Posted in China, Crime against humanity, Falun Gong, Freedom of Belief, Human Rights, Jiang Zemin, Law, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Politics, World | Comments Off on Lawyer Speaks on China’s Former Communist Head’s Genocide Case in Argentine (3)

Lawyer Speaks on China’s Former Communist Head’s Genocide Case in Argentine (2)

Posted by Author on December 26, 2009


By Lin Lin, Epoch Times Staff, Dec. 25, 2009- (cont’d)

<< previous

Are there precedents for a case like this?

In the case of Argentina, at the legal level, it is the first time extraterritoriality has been accepted in the handling of a crime. Globally, the case is also unique in the sense that it brings together the application of universal jurisdiction, the recentness of the crimes, and the first arrest warrant among the many crimes of which the communist dictatorship in China is accused.

There is a very similar case in Spain, in which Judge Ismael Moreno sent, via diplomatic channels, a rogatory letter [letter of request] to those accused, but the arrest warrant is still pending and the deadline for them to respond is not up yet.

In particular, besides the legal precedent, what stands out is the magnitude of the crimes being reported, involving the extreme victimization of at least 100 million innocent people, are in danger of being arrested illegally, tortured and even risk being killed for their organs, as part of an extensive, systematic persecution aimed at uprooting them from their legitimate spiritual belief.

But principally, one has to especially take into consideration the fact that these crimes are not in the past, but are still being committed. At present, most cases of crimes against humanity are crimes committed ten, twenty or even seventy years ago.

Here, it is not about looking for justice to condemn who committed a wrong in the past, which, of course, is very important. In this case, based on conclusive evidence, Judge Araoz de Lamadrid has decided to prosecute those responsible for crimes already committed, and which are still being committed, and this could be the beginning of the end of the persecution, that has about a half million persons missing.

What kind of evidence was admitted to the investigation?

Declarations from dozens of witnesses, who made long distance trips to Argentina from North America, Europe and Oceania, in order to provide a raw and very concrete image of the sinister face and attitude towards human rights maintained by the CCP; other audiovisual evidence, and also numerous research reports published by independent organizations and individuals widely recognized in the area of human rights.

Among the reports presented were: the report of the 62nd session of the Human Rights Commission of the United Nations, prepared by the Special Rapporteur on Torture, Manfred Nowak, the “Report into Allegations of Organ Harvesting of Falun Gong Practitioners in China,” prepared in 2006 by David Kilgour (former MP and former Canadian Secretary of State for the Asia-Pacific Region) and David Matas, a renowned human rights lawyer who has been widely recognized for his human rights work, and his role in organizations like Amnesty International.

The Persecution has been ongoing since 1999, and the principle of universal jurisdiction is not new either, so why is it only now that a decision like this has come out?

Obviously the laws do not function by themselves, and the same is true for legal procedures; ultimately, even with the legal and judicial tools, it is still up to human beings to make decisions.

Confronted by Evil, human beings can: be indifferent, or join in solidarity with the victims, in a way that each considers most appropriate. In the case of a judge like Araoz de Lamadrid, there is no alternative but to investigate: trying to get to the truth and make a judgment, when he is convinced that a crime has been committed—and this is just what he did.

We all have a moral code that obliges us, [it is] so intimate—to discern if something or someone is good or bad. From my personal perspective, the judge decided to try the representatives of a regime, not only by the laws, treaties and the principles correctly cited in the decision, which legitimize and legalize it, but also in accordance with a moral code.

(to be cont’d……)

Posted in China, Crime against humanity, Falun Gong, Jiang Zemin, Law, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Politics, World | 1 Comment »

Lawyer Speaks on China’s Former Communist Head’s Genocide Case in Argentine (1)

Posted by Author on December 26, 2009


By Lin Lin, Epoch Times Staff, Dec. 25, 2009-

Attorney Dr. Alejandro Cowes. (The Epoch Times)

BUENOS AIRES— A recent landmark ruling was made by Dr. Octavio Aráoz de Lamadrid, the judge of the Argentine Federal and Criminal Corrective Court No. 9. The ruling ordered the indictment and international arrests of former Chinese communist leader Jiang Zemin and his right hand man Luo Gan, on charges of genocide and torture against Falun Gong practitioners in China.

The Epoch Times interviewed one of the plaintiff’s attorneys, Dr. Alejandro Cowes.

Can you tell us briefly about this case and the ruling?

In short, in 2006, Judge Araoz de Lamadrid courageously accepted a complaint from the Association of the Study of Falun Dafa in Argentina, which lead to the investigation and substantiation of the terrible crimes of genocide and torture being committed in Mainland China by the ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) against Falun Gong practitioners.

The judge has been faithful to the current trend of international law, in effect, to provide access to the pursuit of justice for victims of crimes against humanity, which is impossible in the country where the victims live and where they suffer such extreme persecution.

Last Friday, after four years of arduous investigation, Judge de Lamadrid ordered the indictments of, and issued arrest warrants for Jiang Zemin and Luo Gan, former leader and former Secretary of the Political and Legal Affairs of the Central Committee of the CCP respectively.

What are the immediate consequences of the resolution?

It was taken into account that both of the accused parties can neither be detained or extradited from China, because the same political apparatus which instigated the persecution persists in enforcing it.

However, when either of the two travel abroad, they can immediately be detained and put in solitary confinement: this order is already set in place with Interpol.

Actual extradition depends on the existence of a treaty with each individual country or, in the absence of such, the willingness of the country to cooperate, where either of these two would happen to be at the time.

And what then: once they would be extradited?

The judge would effect a signed declaration and then would decide on their trial.

(to be cont’d……)

Posted in China, Falun Gong, Genocide, Jiang Zemin, Law, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Politics, World | Comments Off on Lawyer Speaks on China’s Former Communist Head’s Genocide Case in Argentine (1)

China Attempted to Interfere With Argentina’s Genocide Case

Posted by Author on December 26, 2009


By Tang Ying, Sound of Hope Radio Network, Via The Epochtimes, Dec. 25, 2009-

The Chinese Communist regime used a variety of tactics in attempts to block the Argentina Federal court case against Jiang Zemin and Luo Gan for their role in the persecution of Falun Gong, according to Fu Liwei, the plaintiff.

On Dec. 17, arrest warrants were issued by the Argentina Federal Court for Jiang Zemin, former head of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) and Luo Gan, former head of the infamous 610 office which is responsible for carrying out the persecution of Falun Gong. The arrests followed a four-year investigation.

In 2005, Ms. Fu, who is also President of the Argentina Falun Dafa Association, sued Luo Gan during his visit there. At the time, the Chinese Consulate in Argentina argued that Luo Gan had diplomatic immunity. However, because the judicial system in a western democratic country is relatively independent, the CCP’s tactic was in vain.

“Next, the Foreign Minister sent a document to the judge, who, in turn, sent the case to the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court replied: ‘Luo Gan is not in Argentina. He does not have diplomatic immunity,’” Fu said.

Overseas Interference with Legal Procedures

The CCP utilizes and organizes a number of overseas Chinese groups to interfere with lawsuits. They also search for loopholes in the laws of democratic countries.

“Once, a lawyer who represented a chamber of commerce backed by the Chinese regime went to the court and asked to see the document prepared by our lawyer. Usually in Argentina, a lawyer can request to review legal documents. But the judge saw through the ruse and refused his request according to the law,” Fu said.

Fu told of another incident that opened her eyes. “Once, at a book fair, an official from Argentina’s Ministry of Economy and Finance came over to our Falun Gong booth. After chatting for a while, he came to understand the persecution of Falun Gong in China and asked us whether we realized the difficulty we were facing in trying to expose it. He said, ‘Do you know there is a large group of Chinese people in Argentina’s Ministry?’”

Another example of the Chinese regime’s influence in Argentina involves an iron mine. When Luo Gan visited Argentina in 2005, he arranged for a Chinese company to purchase the largest iron mine in Argentina at low cost. However, it was not the iron that interested the Chinese—rather, it was the cobalt in the mine. Now all workers at the iron mine are from mainland China, and everything that comes out of the mine is loaded directly onto a ship that is not even inspected by the Argentine authorities.

Read the original Chinese article

Posted in China, Crime against humanity, Falun Gong, Jiang Zemin, Law, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Politics, World | Tagged: | Comments Off on China Attempted to Interfere With Argentina’s Genocide Case

Media Coverage Overlooking the Crime Evidence in Argentine’s Seeking Arrest of Two High-ranking China Officials Case

Posted by Author on December 25, 2009


Statement from the Falun Dafa Information Center, Dec. 25, 2009-

Last week, an Argentine judge indicted and ordered the local Interpol department to seek the arrest of two high-ranking Chinese Communist Party (CCP) officials, Jiang Zemin and Luo Gan, for their role in crimes against humanity committed against Falun Gong practitioners. Subsequent media coverage of the decision has exhibited a tendency to frame the lawsuit, the judge’s decision, and the CCP’s response in relativistic terms. That is, framing the story as one of allegations being thrown back and forth between Falun Gong (or the judge) and the CCP with little evaluation of the credibility of the source or the evidence presented to support either position. Such coverage is unfortunate and inaccurate.

The Argentinean judge, Octavio Araoz de Lamadrid, conducted extensive and detailed research over a span of four years before reaching his conclusion that crimes against humanity have taken place with Jiang and Luo counted among those responsible. In fact, of the 140+ page decision he issued, over one hundred pages are an account of the evidence he found of such crimes. This includes first-hand accounts from Falun Gong victims whom he personally interviewed and found to be credible, as well as Amnesty International and United Nations reports.

His final conclusion, cited in the decision was: “The genocidal strategy … comprised a broad range of actions arranged in total contempt for life and human dignity. The designated purpose – the eradication of Falun Gong – was used to justify any means used. Therefore, torment, torture, disappearances, deaths, brainwashing, psychological torture were everyday occurrences in the persecution of its practitioners.” Yet this statement fundamental to the understanding of the case has been missing from most news reports.

Judge Lamadrid clearly took his investigative task seriously and has made an independent assessment of the situation – therein lies the importance of what he has done. It is far from spurious ‘false charges’ as a recent Reuters article unquestioningly cites a Chinese government spokesperson stating. It is therefore disappointing that this aspect of the story has been overlooked or even dismissed in coverage of the case, while vilifying and inaccurate CCP propaganda has been given significant attention.

Falun Gong practitioners have not filed this and other lawsuits as a political or public relations effort to make the Chinese authorities lose face. The suffering that is happening in China is very real, well-documented, and ensconced in a climate of impunity. The use of universal jurisdiction to file overseas lawsuits is a last resort. Falun Gong practitioners who tried suing Jiang inside China were themselves arrested, imprisoned, and tortured.

The Falun Dafa Information Center encourages reporters covering this story to examine the decision itself. The Center has also assembled a brief report that cites third-party confirmation of the brutality and scale of the persecution Falun Gong practitioners face: http://faluninfo.net/article/908/?cid=162.

There is little doubt that what the Chinese regime has done—and continues to do—to Falun Gong fits the Rome Statute’s definition of crimes against humanity. The question lies in what the international community should do about it. Judge’s Lamadrid decision is a solid first step and deserves to be covered as such.

The Falun Dafa Information Center

Posted in China, Crime against humanity, Falun Gong, Genocide, Human Rights, Jiang Zemin, Law, Luo Gan, Media, News, Official, People, World | 1 Comment »

Argentine Judge Asks China Arrests Former President Jiang Zemin Over Falun Gong

Posted by Author on December 22, 2009


Reuters, Dec. 22, 2009-

BUENOS AIRES (Reuters) – An Argentine judge has ordered the arrest of China’s former President Jiang Zemin and another top official for “crimes against humanity” in the alleged persecution of the Falun Gong spiritual movement.

Falun Gong hailed it as a historic human rights ruling on Tuesday, although a lawyer for the group acknowledged it is largely symbolic.

Federal Judge Octavio de Lamadrid on December 17 asked Interpol to issue an arrest warrant against Jiang and former security chief Luo Gan after four years of investigating charges of torture and genocide against the Falun Gong group.

The judge ordered the arrest of the two “over crimes against humanity committed in China” including genocide and torture, according to a copy of the ruling. Jiang was president from 1993 to 2003.

De Lamadrid made the ruling based on sections of Argentina’s 1994 constitution that allow Argentine courts to address human rights issues in other countries.

In his ruling, the judge said “if universal jurisdiction is not admitted we would find ourselves allowing impunity, which is what the international community wants to avoid.”

Alejandro Cowes, an Argentine lawyer representing Falun Gong, said: “It’s a historic ruling because for the first time we’re opening a universal jurisdiction to investigate crimes committed abroad.”

However, a second lawyer for the group acknowledged that the ruling was mostly symbolic since it is unlikely that the arrests would be carried out. Falun Gong has pushed for such rulings without results in France, Spain and elsewhere.

Argentine President Cristina Fernandez is scheduled to travel to China in January to discuss bilateral trade and business. Fernandez has pushed for human rights trials in Argentina against former military officers accused of abuses during the 1976-1983 “dirty war” against leftists.

A decade-long government crackdown drove Falun Gong underground in China but it has flourished abroad, where it has moved from a spiritual movement into a vehicle against Chinese Communist Party rule.

Thousands have been jailed since China declared Falun Gong a cult in 1999.

The Falun Dafa Information Center, which documents suspected abuses against practitioners in China, says 104 Falun Gong adherents died of abuse or neglect in custody last year, bringing to 3,242 the number of deaths documented over 10 years.

“I think this lawsuit is such great news because if (people in China) see that somebody is saying that this is wrong, even here in Argentina, they will be able to think that maybe what the government is telling them is not right,” said Liwie Fu, president of the Falun Gong Group in Argentina, who brought the lawsuit.

Reuters

Posted in China, Crime against humanity, Falun Gong, Jiang Zemin, Law, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, World | 1 Comment »

Argentine Judge Issues Arrest Warrants for 2 Top China Officials, Jiang Zemin and Luo Gan, for Genocide

Posted by Author on December 18, 2009


By Matthew Robertson, Epoch Times Staff, Dec. 18, 2009 –

In a historic genocide case, an Argentine judge has issued arrest warrants for top Chinese officials for their role in the persecution of the spiritual practice Falun Gong.

Judge Octavio Araoz de Lamadrid’s decision on Dec. 17 is a precedent for Argentina, and is the first time that extraterritoriality has been used in the country to pursue crimes against humanity.

The case follows a similar decision in Spain last month, where five top communist leaders were indicted for their roles in the persecution of Falun Gong by the Spanish National Court.

Lamadrid has issued arrest warrants for former leader of the Chinese Communist Party Jiang Zemin, who in July 1999 began the campaign to “eradicate Falun Gong,” and Luo Gan, former head of the 610 Office, an extra-constitutional agency that carries out the persecution.

Over 3000 are confirmed tortured to death, according to Falun Gong sources, and the persecution against the group is commonly cited as among the most severe human rights abuses in China.

“This is the true reality of the creation of a Chinese Gestapo with the objective of exterminating thousands of innocent people [including women, the elderly, and children] under the control, direction, supervision, and coordination of Luo Gan, the accused … .” Judge Lamadrid wrote of the 610 Office in his decision.

As in the case of the Spanish National Court’s decision, if the officials travel to a country that has an extradition treaty with Argentina, both officials may be detained, transferred to Argentina, and brought before the court.

From the evidence gathered in four years of investigation, Judge Araoz de Lamadrid expounded in his decision that “the strategy of genocide that has been designed encompassed all range of actions with a total contempt for life and human dignity. The end devised—the eradication of Falun Gong—justified all utilized means. In this way, torment, torture, disappearances, deaths, brainwashing, psychological torture, were the currency of the persecution of its practitioners.”

Falun Gong, also known as Falun Dafa, is a traditional Chinese spiritual discipline that emerged in the early nineties in China. After seven years of rapid growth and popularity it was banned and persecuted by the Communist Party, which does not allow independent social groups outside its control.

The Epochtimes

Posted in China, Crime against humanity, Falun Gong, Genocide, Human Rights, Jiang Zemin, Law, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Torture, World | Comments Off on Argentine Judge Issues Arrest Warrants for 2 Top China Officials, Jiang Zemin and Luo Gan, for Genocide

China’s ex-president sought in Spanish probe: lawyer

Posted by Author on November 21, 2009


The Expatica, Nov. 20, 2009 –

Madrid – A Spanish judge wants to question former Chinese president Jiang Zemin and four other Chinese Communist Party officials over allegations of torture and genocide against the Falun Gong, a lawyer for the spiritual movement said Thursday.

Judge Ismael Moreno of the National Court made the decision after concluding a preliminary inquiry, Falun Gong lawyer Carlos Iglesias said.

The Supreme Court in 2006 ordered Moreno to probe a complaint for genocide filed two years earlier by the Falun Gong and which had initially been rejected.

Iglesias said the Chinese officials will receive a letter requesting information about their alleged involvement in the persecution of the Falun Gong.

If they fail to reply within six weeks, the judge could issue arrest warrants against them, Iglesias said.

Chinese authorities banned Falun Gong, whose Buddhist-inspired teachings focus on exercises and which claims 70 million followers in China, in 1999. Beijing has since branded Falun Gong an “evil cult” and sometimes brutally suppressed its practitioners.

The Spanish case was accepted under the principle of “universal jurisdiction” which Spain has observed since 2005 and which allows judges to open probes into genocide and human rights abuses wherever they occur.

But it has also caused diplomatic headaches for the government, and Spain’s parliament voted in June to limit its scope.

In May, a Spanish judge also issued rogatory letters to China to request information on eight leaders targetted by a suit by a Tibetan rights groups accusing them of repression in Tibet.

AFP / Expatica

Posted in Bo Xilai, China, Europe, Genocide, Human Rights, Jiang Zemin, Law, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Torture, World | Comments Off on China’s ex-president sought in Spanish probe: lawyer

China’s former Communist head Jiang Zemin Indicted for Torture and Genocide of Falun Gong

Posted by Author on November 21, 2009


NTDTV, 2009-11-20 –

Five high-ranking Chinese Communist Party Officials have been indicted in a Spanish court for crimes of torture and genocide against Falun Gong practitioners.

Among them is former head of the Communist Party, Jiang Zemin. He’s responsible for launching the brutal campaign in 1999 to “eradicate” the Falun Gong meditation practice.

The court decision means Jiang and the others have 4 to 6 weeks to reply to the judge’s request for their testimony. Otherwise they could face extradition. They could be arrested if they travel to any of the dozens of countries that have extradition treaties with Spain, including the United States. Theoretically they would then be sent to Spain, where they would stand trial and could face up to 20 years in prison.

Aside from Jiang Zemin, the four other indicted officials are:

Luo Gan who lead the “610 Office,” a nationwide secret police task force;
Bo Xilai, current Party Secretary for Chongqing and former Minister of Commerce;
Jia Qinglin, the fourth-highest member of the Party hierarchy; and
Wu Guanzheng, head of an internal Party disciplinary committee.

On November 13th, Spanish National Court Judge Ismael Moreno notified attorney Carlos Iglesias of the Human Rights Law Foundation that the court had granted a petition to indict the defendants.

[Carlos Iglesias, Attorney, Human Rights Law Foundation]:

“This decision of the Spanish Judge, I sincerely think will open the door for other countries around the world to also start to investigate these crimes—and for justice to be served in the genocide that the Chinese Communist Party is committing against Falun Gong.”

Iglesias says evidence of the genocide is abundant and has been accepted by the judge. That includes oral testimonies of seven Chinese victims of the persecution as well as reports by Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and the U.N. Human Rights Commission.

[Carlos Iglesias, Attorney, Human Rights Law Foundation]:

“The Spanish court has made a historic step forward to stop and bring to justice those responsible of those terrible crimes that the Chinese Communist Party is committing against millions of Falun Gong practitioners. The [five] accused—Jiang Zemin, Luo Gan, Bo Xilai, Jia Qinglin, Wu Guanzheng—and all the other CCP officials who are responsible for the persecution, they should be brought to justice, and before history, appear before the court, and put in jail—for being directly responsible for the millions of Falun Gong practitioners that have been persecuted for their beliefs of simply trying to be good people.”

NTDTV

Posted in Bo Xilai, China, Genocide, Human Rights, Jiang Zemin, Law, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Torture, World | 1 Comment »

China Officials Indicted for Genocide and Torture by Spanish Court

Posted by Author on November 19, 2009


By John Nania, Epoch Times Staff, Nov 18, 2009 –

Five high-ranking Chinese officials have been indicted in Spain for genocide and torture of Falun Gong practitioners.

As reported by The Epoch Times online and in Monday’s print edition, the five officials of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) include Jiang Zemin, the former top man in the Party, and Luo Gan, head of the notorious 610 Office, a nationwide secret police task force that has led the violent campaign against Falun Gong.

Additional details were announced Wednesday in a press release by the Falun Dafa Information Center, on behalf of the Human Rights Law Foundation (HRLF), which is heading the legal effort in Spain. Carlos Iglesias is the HRLF attorney on the case in Spain.

“When one carries out the crime of genocide or torture, it is a crime against the international community as a whole and not only against Chinese citizens,” Iglesias said.

For committing the crime of genocide, the defendants face imprisonment for up to 20 years and may be economically liable to the victims for damages. Based on the magnitude of the crimes committed by the defendants, they are likely to face the maximum 20-year penalty for their crimes.

According to the press release, the defendants have 4-6 weeks to reply and could subsequently face extradition if they travel to a country that has an extradition treaty with Spain. The decision was taken under the legal principle of universal jurisdiction, which allows domestic courts to hear cases of genocide and crimes against humanity regardless of where they occur.

Falun Gong is a traditional Chinese spiritual discipline that was practiced by 100 million people in China before it was banned in July 1999 by the CCP. It was initially supported by the CCP as promoting health and social harmony, but was suddenly declared illegal and subsequently violently persecuted, largely on the decision of Jiang Zemin, one of the defendants in the case in Spain.

The court also took a historic step in being the first to legally recognize the persecution against Falun Gong as amounting to genocide.

The Epoch Times

Posted in Bo Xilai, China, Europe, Falun Gong, Genocide, Human Rights, Jiang Zemin, Law, Li Lanqing, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Religion, Torture, World | Comments Off on China Officials Indicted for Genocide and Torture by Spanish Court

Spanish Court Indicts 5 Top Communist Party Officials for Torture, Genocide of Falun Gong

Posted by Author on November 19, 2009


Falun Dafa Information Center, 18 Nov 2009 –

NEW YORK – In an unprecedented decision, a Spanish judge has indicted five high-ranking Chinese Communist Party (CCP) officials for their role in crimes of torture and genocide committed against Falun Gong practitioners. Among the defendants is former CCP head Jiang Zemin, widely acknowledged as the chief instigator of the campaign to “eradicate” the spiritual practice.

Following a two-year investigation, Spanish National Court Judge Ismael Moreno last week notified attorney Carlos Iglesias of the Human Rights Law Foundation (HRLF) that the court had granted a petition to indict the defendants on charges of torture and genocide. According to the notice, for committing the crime of genocide, the defendants face imprisonment for up to 20 years and may be economically liable to the victims for damages.

The Judge’s notification also stated that the court had granted a petition to send rogatory letters (letter of request) to the five defendants in China with questions relating to each individual’s involvement in the persecution of Falun Gong. The decisions followed a series of submissions to the court by Iglesias and other HRLF staff.

The defendants have 4-6 weeks to reply and could subsequently face extradition if they travel to a country that has an extradition treaty with Spain. The decision was taken under the legal principle of universal jurisdiction, which allows domestic courts to hear cases of genocide and crimes against humanity regardless of where they occur.

“This historic decision by a Spanish judge means that Chinese Communist Party leaders responsible for brutal crimes are now one step closer to being brought to justice,” said Iglesias. “When one carries out the crime of genocide or torture, it is a crime against the international community as a whole and not only against Chinese citizens. Spain is emerging as a defender of human rights and universal justice.”

Among the accused are former CCP leader Jiang Zemin, widely acknowledged as the primary instigator of the campaign launched in 1999 to “eradicate” Falun Gong. Also facing charges is Luo Gan, who oversaw the 610 Office, a nationwide secret police task force that has led the violent campaign. Chinese lawyers have compared the 6-10 Office to Nazi Germany’s Gestapo in its brutality and extra-legal authority.

The other three accused are Bo Xilai, current Party Secretary for Chongqing and former Minister of Commerce; Jia Qinglin, the fourth-highest member of the Party hierarchy; and Wu Guanzheng, head of an internal Party disciplinary committee. The charges against them are based on their proactive advancement of the persecution against Falun Gong when they served as top officials in Liaoning, Beijing, and Shandong respectively. In a Pulitzer prize-winning article, The Wall Street Journal’s Ian Johnson describes how Wu imposed fines on his subordinates if they did not sufficiently crackdown on Falun Gong, leading officials to torture local residents, in some cases, to death. (news)

Other evidence considered by the judge during his investigation included written testimonies from fifteen Falun Gong practitioners and oral testimonies from seven practitioners, including torture victims and relatives of individuals who had been killed in Chinese custody. The judge also relied on reports by Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch and the U.N. Human Rights Commission to reach his decision, HRLF attorney Iglesias said.

To arrange for an interview with attorney Iglesias or one of the witnesses, please contact the Falun Dafa Information Center or the Human Rights Law Foundation.

Falun Dafa Information Center

Posted in Bo Xilai, China, Europe, Falun Gong, Genocide, Human Rights, Jiang Zemin, Law, Li Lanqing, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Religion, Torture, World | 2 Comments »

Canada Court Limits China Intervention in Lawsuit Againsts Former Communist Head

Posted by Author on December 5, 2007


By Jason Loftus, Epoch Times Toronto Staff, Nov 29, 2007-

TORONTO— A China-based lawyers group backed by the communist regime will be allowed to join a torture lawsuit in Ontario against former communist party leader Jiang Zemin, but not without some heavy restrictions.

The All-China Lawyers Association, which earlier said it wanted the case against Jiang dismissed, will be limited to a 20-page submission on the application of Canada’s State Immunity Act.

ACLA was seeking friend-of-the-court status in a lawsuit waged by six Canadian residents who were tortured in China for their belief in Falun Gong, a spiritual practice persecuted by the Chinese regime.

The plaintiffs argued that ACLA is a front for the Chinese Communist Party. They said allowing ACLA to join the suit would permit Jiang, former communist party chairman, to defend the case while protecting him from costs in a losing judgment. (Jiang has not replied to the suit.)

They also warned that ACLA could attempt to derail the case with lengthy submissions.

In a ruling released Friday, Madam Justice Maureen Forestell noted there likely exists a strong relationship between ACLA and the defendants, which includes Jiang and four other high-ranking Chinese officials who have played key roles in the eight-year persecution of Falun Gong.

She said ACLA would be forbidden from submitting evidence or making arguments on the case and that ACLA could be on the hook for costs if it lengthens the proceedings.

But she allowed the organization to argue on immunity, something she said the court would need to assess anyway.

Kate Kempton, the plaintiffs’ Toronto lawyer told The Epoch Times she was pleased with the decision.

“We had obviously hoped to succeed in preventing ACLA to intervene, but the court ordered quite a limited intervention, and we are happy about that,” Kempton said.

The four officials named in the suit together with Jiang include Li Lanqing, Luo Gan, Liu Jing, and Wang Maolin, all top officials who lived at the communist leadership compound in Beijing. They are widely seen as key supporters of Jiang’s persecution of the group, which began in 1999.

The plaintiffs argue that the officials “abused their positions as top officials of the Chinese Communist Party” to carry out a “campaign of terror.”

They argue that the officials acted outside of Chinese and international law and thus are not entitled to immunity.

Among the plaintiffs is Zhang Kunlun, an art professor and Canadian citizen who was imprisoned and tortured with electric shocks when he was caught talking to others about Falun Gong on a return visit to China.

Zhang was rescued with the help of a campaign by Amnesty International and intervention by Irwin Cotler, former Canadian minister of justice. He was featured last week in a CBC documentary on the persecution of Falun Gong in which he described his time in a Chinese labour camp as “being in a den of monsters.”

Zhang said guards told him there were orders from Jiang Zemin that they could torture a Falun Gong practitioner to death and simply burry the body outside, calling it a suicide.

The suit is among at least 50 civil and criminal cases that have been filed in 16 regions worldwide. At least 18 have been filed against Jiang, though Jiang has never responded himself to any of the suits.

Government sources say that Jiang has tried to pressure western governments behind the scenes. In several cases, ACLA has intervened attempting to have cases thrown out.

“The Chinese Communist Party is very nervous about the lawsuits filed against the major perpetrators of the persecution of Falun Gong,” says Terri Marsh, a U.S. attorney who has worked on many of the cases.

“That’s the strategy of those officials involved in the persecution—they don’t reply to the lawsuits; they use a proxy to try to have the case dismissed.”

“This is because they know that the defendants are responsible for these crimes,” adds Marsh. “If they were to come to court to defend themselves, they would be held accountable for their crimes.”

A U.S. court rejected three efforts by ACLA to join a lawsuit against the state-run China Central Television network, which has intensively promoted and justified the regime’s repression of Falun Gong.

The six Canadian plaintiffs are seeking $20 million dollars in damages from the five officials. A decision in July 2006 allowed the case to move forward, saying the plaintiffs had done “everything in their power” to serve the claim and that it would be in the interest of justice for the claim to proceed.

– Original report from the Epochtimes: Ontario Court Limits Chinese Intervention in Lawsuit

Posted in Canada, China, Falun Gong, Human Rights, Jiang Zemin, Law, Li Lanqing, Liu Jing, Luo Gan, Official, People, Politics, World | Comments Off on Canada Court Limits China Intervention in Lawsuit Againsts Former Communist Head

Countdown to Olympics Fails to Stop Killing in China

Posted by Author on August 8, 2007


Press release, Falun Dafa Information Center, 08/07/2007-

NEW YORK – During the month of June the Falun Dafa Information Center has recorded the deaths of 20 Falun Gong adherents as a result of the Chinese Communist Party’s persecution of the practice. Some of the deaths took place as early as January 2007, but only became known in June due to the difficulties and dangers involved in obtaining such sensitive information from inside China.

The deaths took place across ten provinces and cities throughout China, with over three quarters of them occurring in the northeastern part of the country. Fourteen of those killed were women, who also account for 70 percent of the overall confirmed death toll, which now stands at 3,073. Estimates place the actual death toll at over ten times this figure, as many thousands remain missing and earlier killings continue to be uncovered.

Of the deaths reported in June, eight of the victims were over 50. The youngest, Liu Liang from Shandong province’s Jiaozhou city, was 24 years old.

According to several media reports, including a 2005 article by Intelligence Online, Deputy Public Security Minister Liu Jing has been assigned the responsibility of eradicating Falun Gong before the 2008 Beijing Olympics. (news)

The orders presumably came from top leaders, like politburo member Luo Gan, who remain committed to Jiang Zemin’s anti-Falun Gong policy. Sources in China corroborate these reports, saying Liu has issued orders to police departments throughout the country, demanding concerted efforts to achieve the goal of making Falun Gong disappear before the Summer Games almost exactly a year away.

Among the 20 death cases recorded in June is Wang Minli; back in 2003 United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture Theo van Boven had expressed concern over her arrest and torture. In a 2006 document authored by his successor, Special Rapporteur Manfred Nowak, 66 percent of the reported victims of torture in custody were Falun Gong practitioners.

Common torture methods include shocks administered by electric batons, beatings, sexual torture including rape, hanging by handcuffs from the ceilings, being tied spread eagle for days, and sleep deprivation for weeks, along with forced labor of as many as 20 hours a day and brainwashing sessions known euphemistically as “re-education.” All are for the purpose of forcing Falun Gong adherents to renounce their belief and disclose information about other practitioners.

Moreover, there is evidence of large-scale harvesting of kidneys, hearts, livers and other body parts from Falun Gong practitioners; the organs are then sold for profit, as documented in the independent Kilgour-Matas report (link).

“Today, Falun Gong adherents continue to suffer extreme human rights abuses by the Chinese regime. It is not over and it is crucial that western media continue to shine light on these atrocities,” says Joel Chipkar, Canadian spokesperson for the Falun Dafa Information Center.

“Every report published puts pressure on the regime to stop killing for fear of being held responsible. Otherwise, our silence inevitably aids in the deaths of more human beings.”( …… more details death cases from FalunInfo.net)

Posted in Asia, Beijing Olympics, China, Communist Party, Falun Gong, Freedom of Belief, Human Rights, Killing, Labor camp, Law, Liu Jing, Luo Gan, NE China, News, Official, People, Politics, Religion, Report, Social, Sports, Torture, Women, World | Comments Off on Countdown to Olympics Fails to Stop Killing in China

Historic Hong Kong Lawsuit Filed Against High-ranking China Officials

Posted by Author on July 6, 2007


By Christine Moon-Counts, Special to The Epoch Times, Jul 04, 2007-

Hong Kong permanent residents Mr. Chu O Ming and Ms. Fu Xueying made history last Thursday when they filed a civil action in the High Court of Hong Kong SAR against three high-ranking Chinese communist officials for torture, illegal imprisonment, and persecuting Falun Gong.

This is the first time that high officials of the People’s Republic of China (P.R.C.) have been sued in Hong Kong, the area outside Mainland China housing the largest Chinese population, and which is within the jurisdiction of the P.R.C.

Theresa Chu, an international human rights attorney and Asia Director for Human Rights Law Foundation, believes this lawsuit is critical: “whether Hong Kong truly wants to uphold human rights and the rule of law and whether its courts truly want to maintain independence will be further tested and confirmed with this lawsuit against Jiang.”

Defendant Jiang Zemin is the former Chairman of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP), and initiated and directed the campaign to eradicate Falun Gong since 1999, using the resources of the Party.

Defendant Li Lanqing is the former Premier of the P.R.C. who implemented and micromanaged the persecution.

Defendant Luo Gan is a Standing Committee Member of the CCP Politburo and personally inspected the labor camps across China to ensure that all levels of government implemented Jiang’s directive to destroy Falun Gong practitioners.

Mr. Chu, an entrepreneur from China now residing in Hong Kong, was arrested and imprisoned for five years after a secret trial in 2000 for filing a lawsuit with the Supreme People’s Court against then head of state Jiang Zemin and Luo Gan. While in custody, Chu says he was shocked with an electric baton and tortured severely. His appeals to the prison chief and the P.R.C. went unanswered.

In 2003, Ms. Fu was arrested without charge and sentenced secretly to three years in Shenzhen Detention Center and the Women’s Prison of Guangdong Province for distributing VCDs exposing the CCP’s persecution of Falun Gong. While imprisoned, Fu says she was beaten, tortured, and forced to attend brainwashing sessions. To this day she suffers from a skin disease and cannot sit for extended periods of time.

She hopes her lawsuit will bring positive changes: “In order to put an end to the crimes against humanity, in order to safeguard our right to live, and our dignity as human beings, I sincerely hope … every peace-loving individual will participate in this effort, for our own benefit and for the benefit of the … world we live in.”

Owning to the agreement that Hong Kong would be governed according to the principle of “one country, two systems,” local Falun Gong practitioners can engage in lawful activities, which include taking legal action in accordance with the law, something unavailable on the Mainland.

Mr. Chu and Ms. Fu have applied for a writ and leave. The court issued the writ of summons on June 28, which allows the plaintiffs to directly serve process on the three defendants should they travel to Hong Kong. Should the court issue the leave, it would allow the Hong Kong court to send legal documents to Chinese courts to deliver to the three defendants outside of Hong Kong by means of international judicial assistance.

Since 2002, 18 lawsuits have been initiated against these three defendants in 17 countries and territories, making this, as Teresa Chu puts it, “arguably the largest series of international human rights cases in the 21st century.”

– original report from the Epochtimes: Historic Hong Kong Lawsuit Filed Against CCP Officials

Posted in Asia, China, City resident, Falun Gong, Hong kong, Human Rights, Jiang Zemin, Law, Li Lanqing, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Religious, Social, Torture, World | Comments Off on Historic Hong Kong Lawsuit Filed Against High-ranking China Officials

Beijing’s Rule of Law Retreat

Posted by Author on July 4, 2007


By Nicholas Bequelin, Human Rights Watch, Published in The Wall Street Journal

The recent discovery of hundreds of slave laborers working in feudal conditions in brick kilns prompted a national outcry in China — and an unusually forceful reaction from the central government. The Communist Party immediately dispatched tens of thousands of police to break up the ring, arrested hundreds, and inspired strongly worded editorials in such state organs as the People’s Daily denouncing local officials’ lapses. President Hu Jintao and Premier Wen Jiabao also weighed in, giving highly publicized orders to launch a “nationwide campaign” to eradicate slave labor.

But this campaign mostly misses the point. Chinese officials and editorial writers may rail about local corruption and the evils of forced labor, but the root of the problem is something they are unlikely to do anything about: a woefully inadequate legal system that lacks true independence from the government, cannot address citizen concerns and exacerbates rather than alleviates local corruption.

Over the past two decades, China’s Communist Party has progressively embraced the rule of law as its principal method to rule the country. Importing entire chunks of Western-style legal institutions, the party established a modern court system, enacted thousands of laws and regulations, and formed hundreds of law schools to train legal professionals. It publicized through constant propaganda campaigns the idea that common citizens have basic rights, and elevated the concept of the “rule of law” to constitutional prominence in the mid-1990s.

In a one-party system hostile to carrying out the slightest political reforms — and in the absence of other checks on power such as a free press or an independent civil society — this formidable legal effort was meant to provide some stability and predictability to a rapidly modernizing society, as well as to impart legitimacy to the ruling order.

Yet huge numbers of Chinese citizens are still unable to use the system to seek justice. Predatory officials rob farmers of their land, forcibly evict residents from their homes, and cover up extravagant abuses of power — typically embezzlement, but also rape and murder. These officials close their eyes to labor exploitation and condone or profit from criminal rackets, human trafficking and illegal mining. There is even a term in Chinese for local officials’ collusion with criminal gangs: “black umbrellas,” which refers to officials who give protection to illegal activities in exchange for bribes.

With no avenues to seek redress, China’s citizens are abused and exploited on a shocking scale. The problems are not confined to small towns or rural areas: Recent prominent corruption cases include the police chief of Shenyang in Liaoning province, the party secretary of Shanghai and the head of the national food and drug administration.

The critical obstacle to reform remains the judicial system’s enslavement by the party. At every level, China’s key legal institutions — the police and the courts — are under the authority of the party’s political and legal committees. Through these institutions, local power holders can easily instruct the police to abandon investigations, foreclose legal challenges, dictate the outcome of particular cases to judges, or frame protesters and activists on vague charges of threatening state security and social stability. Granted, when the party’s interests and justice align, China’s courts function reasonably well. But the overwhelming powers of party officials over the judiciary are an open invitation to abuse them.

The growing “mafia-ization” of local governments and spiraling social unrest attest to the urgent need for a functioning legal system. Reports of riots and other episodes of disorder are increasingly frequent. Last month, no less than eight riots and large-scale demonstrations were reported in different parts of the country, arising from issues as diverse as Guangxi’s family planning policies, the construction of a Xiamen chemical factory, the beating of a Chongqing street hawker, impunity for a police-connected murderer in Sichuan, and even a protest by retired Guangzhou soldiers for their pensions. The government’s recent claim that social unrest was on the decline now has to be called into question.

Unfortunately, there are no signs that Beijing intends to empower the legal system to operate in an effective and independent manner. In fact under President Hu, the party has abandoned its rule-of-law rhetoric to talk more about a “socialist” rule of law — implying that the party, not the law itself, remains supreme.

Top law officials like Luo Gan, head of the Political and Legal Committee of the Central Committee, have recently issued an order to purge the legal system of “negative Western legal concepts,” including fundamentals such as judicial independence. But nowhere is the authorities’ attitude towards an autonomous legal system clearer than in the wave of repression it has unleashed since last year on China’s nascent civil-rights movement, sentencing for subversion the country’s top human-rights lawyer Gao Zhisheng, jailing countless rights activists, using house arrest to silence many critics, and tightening control over the legal profession.

The brick kiln case is emblematic of these wider problems. Legal reforms take time, and it would be unreasonable to expect China’s courts to solve every social ill faced by such a large, developing country. But it is a mistake to think that the Chinese legal system can heal itself while the party refuses to relinquish any power.

It’s an even greater mistake to think that China can remain stable if it denies access to justice to its citizens, and continues to hide from the cleansing sunlight of a free press. Until it does, social unrest, slave labor and the shadow of black umbrellas will continue to grow.

Mr. Bequelin is a researcher at the Asia division of Human Rights Watch in Hong Kong.

original report from Human Rights Watch

Posted in Asia, China, Commentary, Human Rights, Law, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Politics, Social | 2 Comments »

Death of China Ministerial-Level Official: Suicide or Homicide?

Posted by Author on June 16, 2007


By Zhang Jielian, Special to Epoch Times, Jun 14, 2007-

The sudden death of 62 year-old Song Pingshun, chairman of the Tianjin Municipal Political Consultative Committee in his office has caused numerous rumors regarding the actual circumstances of his death.

The Chinese communist regime has reacted by withdrawing news reports and deleting a large number of internet articles regarding the background of Song’s death.

Conflicting Reports

There are various reports regarding the cause of Song’s death. The earliest overseas report claimed he died by murder when his throat was cut. Radio Free Asia (RFA) reported that he died of a gunshot wound according to a Tianjin resident. Some said he died from falling off a building. Others said he hung himself after taking medication. Reuters indicated that he died from an overdose of sleeping pills, according to sources.

There are sources that indicate that on the evening of June 4, Song had a two hour meeting with Wu Guanzheng, the incumbent Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection. Soon after Wu left, Song was found dead in his office.

Song Pingshun was very aggressive, during Jiang Zeming’s campaign, in persecuting Falun Gong when he was appointed the Secretary of the Committee of Politics and Law in Tianjin. Even though the topic of the conversation between Song and Wu remained unknown, Song’s immediate death suggests the involvement of political forces and concealed circumstances far beyond a typical corruption issue.

Analysts believe that the cause of an official’s death during “discipline auditing” are one of the following: 1. Suicide was committed because one could not bear the torture during the investigation. 2. Suicide was committed to protect friends and relatives. 3. Suicide was claimed for those who are tortured to death. 4. Murder was committed to protect higher ranking officials.

The Official Response

Amidst all the speculation, the regime’s mouthpiece Xinhua News Agency set the tone on the evening of June 8 by publishing an official confirmation of Song Pingshun’s death.

Xinhua reported that the police had conducted an investigation and laboratory examination and concluded that Song died of suicide. Xinhua also suggested Song committed suicide because of pressure of a criminal investigation on him saying that other related government departments have received several reports regarding Song’s crime on curruption, and have also initiated investigations.

Xinhua has made a fundamental mistake by concluding the death of a ministerial-level official as suicide without providing a single word of detail. It shows the regime does not care too much about Song’s death and wants to put an end to it as soon as possible.

Also, people should pay attention to another point in the Xinhua report. It claimed the investigation of Song’s crime has been initiated, but dead people can’t defend themselves. The purported investigation only serves to support the official answer for Song’s death. This could indicate that Song’s “suicide” was planned before hand.

However, to collaborate such claims, many reports of “Song’s suicide under the pressure of a criminal investigation” emerged on many overseas Chinese media, which were filled with topics such as corruption, mistresses, an illegitimate child, and so forth. Those reports also hint that there is an abnormal relationship between Song and the retired, former Politburo Standing Committee member Li Ruihuan, who is a political enemy of Jiang Zemin and distanced himself from Jiang because of the persecution of Falun Gong. Those reports attack Li and also provide more support for the conclusion —Song’s suicide was caused while under pressure, and the political agenda is very obvious.

The hidden facts surrounding Song’s death have become even more prominent. On June 9, Xinhua suddenly deleted its June 4 report regarding the incident. The regime has also deleted all other reports on the internet.

Judging from the regime’s past corruption cases, in a normal anti-corruption investigation, suicide should not have been the only escape for Song according to his political position and roots.

People should also pay attention to the fact that Song had not been officially put under a “discipline audit.” This means the official investigation against him had not started before his “suicide.” Whether it’s a suicide or homicide, Song’s death only signals the scandal involved the protection of the high authority.

Song’s Boss

Song had worked in the Political and Legal Affairs office of the Tianjin Public Security Bureau for over 20 years. He had superior performance ratings after the persecution of Falun Gong was initiated. Luo Gan, chief of the Central Political and Legal Affairs Committee, was his boss, who later became the head of the infamous 610 Office for the extermination of Falun Gong.

Song Pingshun was promoted from the public security system. He had profound influence upon Tianjin’s political and legal system. Starting in the 1990s, Song dominated the Tianjin Public Security Bureau (PSB). He was promoted to Secretary of City Committee of Politics and Law in 1993 with full responsibility for law enforcement, while serving as the leader of the Public Security Bureau.

From 2003 to 2006, Song was both the chairman of Tianjin Municipal Political Consultative Committee and the Secretary of the Committee of Politics and Law. Which provide him direct influence in the decision making process, as well as the law enforcement process..

Some Background—Cause of the Zhongnanhai Incident

On April 25, 1999, over ten thousand Falun Gong practitioners visited Zhongnanhai, where the regime’s central authority is located in Beijing. This incident led to the persecution of the Falun Gong. However, the real cause of this incident was the violent arrest of Falun Gong practitioners by the Tianjin Public Security Bureau.

The persecution of Falun Gong, the biggest repression in the regime’s history, was started by the Tianjin Public Security Bureau’s actions while Song was in charge. Song naturally became the direct manipulator of the incident. Reviewing this history, we can examine Song’s real mental burden, and find out the events that subjected him to death or psychological collapse.

Former Beijing Police Political Safety Section chief, Zhong Guichun commented about the arrest of Falun Gong practitioner in Tianjin city, saying that it was obvious that Tianjin police wanted to make the incident bigger than it was. Initially, people like He Zuoxiu published articles defaming Falun Gong to test practitioners’ responses, when they went to the publisher to clarify the issues,

The authority intentionally overlooked their request to clarify the issues, especially the Tianjin police, which arrested nearly fifty practitioners. The police director also lied to the public saying, “Tianjin police did not arrest one person.” He also hinted “this problem cannot be solved in Tianjin, you should go to Beijing to approach the upper lever authority.” This directly triggered the 10,000 plus Falun Gong practitioners’ group appeal at Zhongnanhai in Beijing on April 25, 1999.

The appeal in Beijing was then described by the authority as a “siege,” and became “evidence” to justify its crackdown on Falun Gong.

It is obvious to people who understand the regime’s law enforcement system that the cooperation between Song Pingsun (head of the Politics and Legal Committee in Tianjin) and Luo Gan (Song’s boss and head of the Politics and Legal Committee in Beijing) is crucial to understanding the above appeal incident.

As a result of the incident, the nationwide persecution of Falun Gong was launched. Luo Gan was promoted to the highest leadership group of the regime—the Political Bureau because of former regime leader Jiang Zemin’s favor towards him; and this is when Song gained his political capital.

From the above analysis, it is not difficult to deduce that Song knew a lot of secrets regarding the appeal at Zhongnanhai on April 25, 1999, and he was a key person capable of unveiling the incident.

During Song’s rule, there were 73 Falun Gong practitioners in Tianjin who were confirmed tortured to death by human rights groups. There were tens of thousands of practitioners in Tianjin who were brutally persecuted.

According to a current investigation, all military hospitals in Tianjin are involved in the harvesting of organ from live Falun Gong practitioners. Judging from the above information, Song, as a hard core supporter of Jiang Zemin and Luo Gan, was very possibly directly involved in the organ harvesting operation.

Knew Too Much

Song knew too much. If Song was investigated or looking for another boss, he would become a lethal weapon to Luo Gan and Jiang Zemin.

Recently, in the regime’s internal power struggle, Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabo won a landslide victory over Jiang Zemin’s faction. According to insider information, secret investigations into the persecution of Falun Gong from different political and security systems have started, including the truth of the April 25 Zhongnanhai Appeal, the Tiananmen Square Self-Immolation, etc. The persecution of Falun Gong is an issue that Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao could not live with, it is logical that they want to clean themselves from this crime — although they did not start the persecution, the persecution is still being carried on during their watch.

On the contrary, it is also logical for Jiang’s faction to destroy any evidence now, because they are losing control on the political battlefield. Luo Gan is facing retirement at the upcoming Seventeenth Party Congress. He must be planning how to prevent his own liquidation by Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao. After having lost his power, he must destroy witnesses as an important preventative measure. Besides, the Central Discipline Committee is already paying attention to the Song affair.

Media Cover-up

Although there is much speculation regarding the reason for Song’s “suicide,” which include Song blackmailed a foreign investor and his purported many lovers. I think all these are just a smokescreen to divert people’s focus.

Song once bluntly told people, “The paintings hanging in my home could easily be worth several hundred million. Do I need to get money through bribery?” As a veteran communist official exercised in the political battle field for 40 years, it is unreasonable for Song to commit suicide for a corruption issue just after meeting with the Central Discipline Committee. People familiar with communist politics know that power, money laundering and a villainous private life are the character of a communist official.

Besides, since former Shangdong Provincial Party Chief Zhang Gaoli had been appointed to Tianjin City, Song had demonstrated his intention to get close to Hu Jintao. Just recently on May 31, Song made a speech to praise and show his full support to Hu Jintao and Zhang Gaoli.

Is it possible that Hu would turn down Song’s defection and refuse a weapon against his political enemy Jiang Zemin and Luo Gan, just to snare Song for corruption and affairs related to his private life that are typical for party officials?

A Warning

Song’s death, whether a suicide or homicide, is a gain for Luo Gan and Jiang. Hu Jintao and Wen Jiabao should also see the impact of striking from the angle of Falun Gong’s persecution.

The political battle surrounding the persecution of Falun Gong will continue. The truth won’t be able to hide long. Song’s death is a warning to others who know of and have evidence incriminating Luo and Jiang. The best protection they have is to make public the evidence they have before they encounter similar circumstances.

original article from the Epoch Time

Posted in China, Commentary, corruption, East China, Falun Gong, Law, Luo Gan, Official, Opinion, People, Politics, Social, Tianjin | Comments Off on Death of China Ministerial-Level Official: Suicide or Homicide?

China Reviews “re-education through labour” Law

Posted by Author on March 2, 2007


By Clifford Coonan, Independent, UK, 1 Mar 2007-

China’s infamous “re-education through labour” system, which allows the police to jail everyone from political dissidents to drug addicts and prostitutes for up to four years without going through the courts, may be scrapped soon as part of the country’s efforts to reform its legal system.

“Initially a relatively mild suppression of counter-revolutionary activities, “laojiao” (re-education through labour) served as a useful way to punish dissent,” the China Daily reported.

The system gives police the power to sentence a person guilty of minor offences such as petty theft or prostitution to up to four years’ in jail without trial. There are 310 “re-education centres” around the country and around 400,000 people have been imprisoned in the 50 years since the rules were introduced.

Sentences are typically one or two years and detainees are required to carry out penal labour.

The proposal is the latest in a series of efforts to reform China’s legal system. China is aware that next year’s Olympic Games will bring the attention of the world to bear on its human rights record and the government is also keen to stop the potentially destabilising effects of calls for judicial reform.

Central to the debate is the issue about who decides on China’s judicial system – the courts or the public security apparatus.

Under the current “lanjiao” system, there is no judicial review at all until the punishment has been imposed. The police say it is a useful way of controlling petty crime and rehabilitating drug addicts, and also simplifies the process of investigative detention.

The reform is a limited one. While Beijing may abolish re-education through labour, it retains a labour camp system known as “reform through labour”, or laogai, where political activists have also been imprisoned.

The proposal is one of 20 laws and amendments to be discussed at China’s annual parliament, the National People’s Congress (NPC), which starts its meeting next week.

Critics within China say the system undermines the rule of law. Human rights campaigners, including the United Nations’ special rapporteur on torture, Manfred Nowak, have argued for years that re-education through labour should be abolished, saying it targets political activists, ethnic minorities and religious believers and allows for the inhuman and degrading treatment of political prisoners.

Others say that dissidents are much less harshly treated in the re-education through labour centres than in full prisons and the sentences are generally shorter.

The plan would rename the re-education centres as correctional centres, and bars and gates will be taken away. The new centres will be more school-like, the reformers say, and the incarceration period will also be shortened to less than 18 months, depending on the offence.

Wang Gongyi, vice-director of a judicial research insistute attached to the Ministry of Justice, is one of the legal experts trying to draft the new law abolishing re-education through labour.

China’s Supreme People’s Court backs making detention decisions a matter for the courts and legal experts describe the proposed rule change as “a concrete step to protect human rights as endowed by the Constitution”.

The Ministry of Public Security wants to keep the current proposes to maintain the current practice.

Earlier this year, China’s most senior security official, Luo Gan, wrote in the Communist Party’s leading journal that the system should be advanced, not scrapped.

original report from the Independent

Posted in Activist, China, Dissident, Journalist, Labor camp, Law, Luo Gan, News, Official, People, Politics, Religious, Social | 1 Comment »

610 Office: China’s Modern Gestapo (8)- An Illegitimate Entity

Posted by Author on October 19, 2006


World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG), Last Updated 06 April 2006– (cont’d)

6. The “610 Office” Is An Illegitimate Entity

The State Council issued “The Notification on the Structure of the Government” (State Council [2003] number 8) on March 21st, 2003. It states that, “The Office of Preventing and Handling the Evil Cult Problem of the State Council” and “The Office of Leadership Team to Deal with Falun Gong Problem of the CCP Central Committee” are the same organization with two different public names. It is directly controlled and run by the CCP Central Committee. (38) The government at all levels has formed the corresponding “Office of Preventing and Handling the Evil Cult Problem.” Those government offices still share the same offices with the CCP’s “610 Offices” and are controlled by the Political and Judiciary Committee of the CCP local branches. (14)

“The Office of Preventing and Handling the Evil Cult Problem “of the State Council was established in September 2000, (30) almost one year after the establishment of the “610 Office” of CCP Central Committee.

The first report of this office was February 26, 2002. On that day, this office co-organized an “Anti Falun Gong Advanced Deeds Report Conference” with the Central Human Resource Bureau, the Central Propaganda Bureau, Ministry of Public Security, Ministry of Civil Affairs and Ministry of Personnel of PRC (State Council). The next day, February 27, 2001, the Press office of the State Council held a press conference. (30)(Fig.3)

This government organization is not well known to the public. The major public event it held is co-organizing the “Anti-cult, promoting civilization” exhibition in July, 2001. (21, 39)

More recently, Wang Xiaoxiang, the deputy director of this office, attended “The Beijing Anti Falun Gong Working Conference” on January 9, 2003. (40) “The Notification on the Structure of the Government” (State Council [2003] number 8) was issued by the State Council on March 21st, 2003. In this notification, this organization’s setting was still mentioned. (38)

This means that “The Office of Preventing and Handling the Evil Cult Problem” of the State Council (the government version of “610 Office” was active from at least September 2000 to March 2003. However, the CCP authorized propaganda media People’s Net database, which was updated in April 2003, does not show either “The Office of Preventing and Handling the Evil Cult Problem” of the State Council or the “Leadership Team to Deal with Falun Gong Problem” of the CCP Central Committee on the State Council’s list (41) or the Central CCP’s list. (42)

There are only two subcommittees that can be related to Luo Gan on the CCP Central Committee’s directly controlled subcommittees. They are “Political and Judiciary Committee of the CCP Central Committee” and “Comprehensive Administration Office of the CCP Central Committee.” Both of these are headed by Luo Gan. Luo Gan’s personal information linked to these two subcommittees was updated on November 15, 2002.

Since “610 Office,” which has two other public names, was very active at that time, but both names couldn’t be found on any of the central government and the CCP Central Committee’s list, we consider it to be a secret, illegal organization. ( END )

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<< 610 Office: China’s Modern Gestapo (7) – Human Resources and Funding

– Original report from  WOIPFG : General Report on the “610 Office”

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China arrests dissident lawyer for subversion

Posted by Author on October 15, 2006


Reuters, Oct 12, 2006-

BEIJING (Reuters) – China has arrested outspoken human rights lawyer Gao ZhishengGao Zhisheng on charges of inciting subversion, his lawyer said on Thursday, following two months of uncertainty over the activist’s detention and fate.

Gao was arrested on September 21 “on suspicion of inciting subversion of state power”, lawyer Mo Shaoping said, adding that he had only now learned of the decision from prosecutors.

“In fact, it should be the public security bureau that notifies us. But I asked them repeatedly and got no reply, and only then went to the prosecutors,” Mo told Reuters.

Gao, in his early 40s, is a famously combative rights lawyer who has taken up the causes of dispossessed oil investors, labor activists and — most controversially — members of Falun Gong, an outlawed spiritual sect.

His arrest marked another step in the ruling Chinese Communist Party’s drive to stifle an expanding “rights defense” network across the country that seeks to expand citizens’ rights through courts and publicity campaigns, said activists.

“In the government’s eyes, Gao is the worst case. He’s a lawyer who has spoken up for Falun Gong and refused to back down, even after they suspended his office license,” Hu Jia, a Beijing-based dissident who knows Gao, told Reuters.

“Right now, the government’s number one enemy is the rights defense movement, and Gao Zhisheng has been one of its leading figures.”

Gao was detained by Beijing police in August, one of several prominent rights lawyers and activists who have been jailed, detained or put under house arrest in past months.

Earlier this year, Gao organized a rolling hunger-strike to protest police harassment of political activists.

He also helped campaign to seek the release of Chen Guangcheng, a blind activist sentenced to over four years jail in August on charges that critics said were trumped up by angry local officials.

Mo said he was not told of the specific accusations against Gao. Under Chinese law, those convicted of inciting subversion can be jailed for up to five years — longer in serious cases.

The crime has often been directed at dissidents who publish criticisms of the government in print or on the internet. Gao had issued a public letter criticizing the Chinese government’s crackdown on Falun Gong.

China’s top security official, Luo Gan, warned in June that the “rights defense” movement harbored forces dedicated to overturning the Communist Party.

Mo said that up to now police had refused to let him visit his client.

“The public security bureau said that because it involved state secrets, we couldn’t visit him. But inciting subversion is a public matter, you can’t do it in secret, so we’ll apply again to see him,” he said.

Police now have months to continue investigating Gao before deciding whether to press for a trial, said the lawyer.

Gao’s family is under house arrest in Beijing, according to Hu and other family friends, and could not be contacted by Reuters.

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610 Office: China’s Modern Gestapo (4)- The Structure

Posted by Author on October 2, 2006


World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG), Last Updated 06 April 2006– (cont’d)

2. The Structure of the “610 Office”

Under Jiang’s direct order, the CCP Central Committee formally created the “Leadership Team to Deal with the Falun Gong Problem. Li Lanqing, Ding Guangen and Luo Gan were put in charge of the team, with Li Lanqing as the team leader. (2)(Fig.1)

610

Fig.1. Beijing Spring 2001(6): A speech at the meeting of the CCP Politburo on how to swiftly handle and solve the “Falun Gong problem.” by Jiang XX. (June 7, 1999)

On June 10, 1999, this leadership team formed an office and called it the “610 Office.”

Liu Jing (7) and Wang Maolin (8) each served as directors of the central “610 Office.” The existence of the Central Committee “610 Office” can be validated by the official documents from the Chinese State Council, other Ministries and local governments as well as Chinese media reports (9).

Following the establishment of the Central Committee “610 Office,” each province, city, county and township quickly formed a corresponding organization, and each of them is called “610 Office.”

After Jiang began to suppress Falun Gong on July 20, 1999, the Central Committee “610 Office” became a permanent organization within the CCP, and was elevated to the level of a Ministry.

The head of each “610 Office” also received an official rank. For example, in Yangquan City, Shanxi Province, the head of the local “610 Office” had the same rank as the head of a county. In the county of Penglai, Shandong Province, the head of the local “610 Office” has the same rank as the director of a Section. (10)

In addition, each university, government organization, and major corporation also formed its own “610 Office.” (11) In one official government document, all central, provincial and city “610 Offices” were mentioned. (12) It is evident that various “610 Offices” were established under the direct order of the CCP Central Committee. The regional commissioner at Simao, Yunnan Province said, “Certain organizations outside the original structure, such as the ‘610 Office,’ must be formed because they were required by the CCP Central Committee and the provincial Committee.”(13)

In China, the Central Committee has all the power. Local governments don’t have any power to make their own decisions or to pass their own laws regarding major policies. The order of the Central Committee is carried out throughout the country, and there is basically no distinction on how the orders are implemented in different regions. (to be cont’d…)

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<< 610 Office: China’s Modern Gestapo (3) – The Establishment (cont’d)
>> 610 Office: China’s Modern Gestapo (5) – Naming and Reporting Relationships

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610 Office: China’s Modern Gestapo (2) – The Establishment

Posted by Author on September 27, 2006


World Organization to Investigate the Persecution of Falun Gong (WOIPFG), Last Updated 06 April 2006- (cont’d)

On April 25, 1999, more than ten thousand Falun Gong practitioners held a peaceful appeal in Beijing. That same evening, Jiang Zemin wrote a letter to the members of the CCP Standing Committee and other Chinese top leaders. In the letter, Jiang first made the statement, “The Communist Party must vanquish Falun Gong.” In the letter, he said, “How could it be possible that the Marxist theory that we Communists endorse and the materialism and atheism that we believe in can’t vanquish what Falun Gong propagates? If it were true, wouldn’t we become laughing stocks?”(1)

On June 7, Jiang held a meeting among the Politburo members of the CCP to discuss how to swiftly handle and solve the “Falun Gong problem.” During the meeting, Jiang gave a speech saying, “We must take this issue seriously, do more in-depth research, and take effective countermeasures. The Central Leadership has already agreed to let Comrade Li Lanqing form a leadership team whose sole mission is to deal with the “Falun Gong problem.” Comrade Li Lanqing will be the team leader. Comrades Ding Guangen, Luo Gan and will be the assistant team leaders. Other comrades who are in charge of relevant departments will be members of the team. They will work together to choose and implement procedures, methods and measures to solve the “Falun Gong problem.” The Central Leadership, all the ministries in the government, and all the provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government must closely cooperate with the team.”(2)

Three days later, on June 10, 1999, the CCP Central Committee formed the “Leadership Team to Deal with the Falun Gong Problem.” Li Lanqing, Luo Gan and others led the team, and the “610 Office” was formed under them. Even though the organization was formed on June 10, 1999, the CCP central leadership and government didn’t officially begin suppressing Falun Gong until more than a month later. (to be cont’d…)

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<< 610 Office: China’s Modern Gestapo – Preface
>> 610 Office: China’s Modern Gestapo – The Establishment (2)

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Chinese rights activists put the law on trial(2)

Posted by Author on August 26, 2006


By Chris Buckley, BEIJING (Reuters), Aug 24, 2006–
(cont’d) Since then, a fluid nationwide tag-team of dozens, sometimes hundreds, of lawyers and activists has taken up other test cases for citizens’ rights: the oil investors stripped of their assets, hepatitis B sufferers excluded from university and government jobs, and prisoners sentenced to death in questionable trials.

“We stress rule of law but don’t oppose the Communist Party or seek to overthrown the political system,” Xu said. “This is step-by-step change through legal channels”.

This movement had helped to spread ideas about human rights and government accountability deep into China’s hinterland, said Keith Hand, a researcher at Yale University’s China Law Center.

“You definitely see a rights consciousness flowing to different levels of society through these cases,” said Hand. “To the extent they’ve been able to adopt a more de-politicized strategy, they have had some room to operate”.

But participants faced regular detentions and tightening litigation restrictions, even before the latest detentions, he said. That pressure is likely to intensify as the party leadership prepares to usher in key personnel changes at a national congress next year, said activists.

China’s top security official, Luo Gan, recently warned the “rights protection” movement harbored forces dedicated to overturning the Communist Party.

“We must adopt vigorous measures to effectively prevent hostile forces and people with ulterior motives exploiting conflicts within the people to create incidents and engaging in sabotage under the disguise of ‘rights protection’,” Luo said in a June issue of a party journal.

Yet campaigners and dissidents said legal skirmishes offered more hope than outright political warfare with China’s rulers.

“Using the law to promote rights can only have a limited impact when the judiciary is not independent,” said Liu Xiaobo, a veteran dissident now under house arrest in Beijing.

“But street politics is even more restricted. If you want rule of law, you can’t get it without lawyers”.  (end)

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Related:

Chinese Police Detain Prominent Human Rights Lawyer, Aug 18, 2006
Well-known lawyer Beaten and Detained in Beijing, July 31, 2006
AI report 2006- China overview(4) , Amnesty International
Lawyer’s 3rd open letter urge to stop the Brutality , Gao Zhisheng

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