Status of Chinese People

About China and Chinese people's living condition

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    1. A China More Just, Gao Zhisheng
    2.Officially Sanctioned Crime in China, He Qinglian
    3.
    Will the Boat Sink the Water? Chen Guidi, Wu Chuntao
    4.
    Losing the New China, Ethan Gutmann
    5.
    Nine Commentaries on The Communist Party, the Epochtimes
  • Did you know

    Reporters Without Borders said in it’s 2005 special report titled “Xinhua: the world’s biggest propaganda agency”, that “Xinhua remains the voice of the sole party”, “particularly during the SARS epidemic, Xinhua has for last few months been putting out news reports embarrassing to the government, but they are designed to fool the international community, since they are not published in Chinese.”
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Archive for the ‘ethnic’ Category

China jails Tibetan activist for life

Posted by Author on December 22, 2008


The Radio Netherlands, Monday 22 December 2008 –

A court in China has jailed a Tibetan activist working for a non-governmental organisation for life for spreading information about the restless region. The International Campaign for Tibet says Wangdu was sentenced in early November along with six other Tibetans, who also received long prison terms. The group said the sentences were unusually severe, suggesting China is taking a harder line to block news on Tibet.

Anti-Chinese protests erupted in Tibet earlier this year, prompting a violent crack-down by China’s security forces. Hundreds of people are reportedly still detained.

The Radio Netherlands

Posted in Activist, China, ethnic, Human Rights, Lasa, Law, News, People, Politics, Religion, Social, SW China, Tibet, Tibetan, World, Xizang | Comments Off on China jails Tibetan activist for life

Tibetans warn China on thirst for freedom

Posted by Author on November 25, 2008


By Amy Yee in Dharamsala, Financial Times, UK, November 24 2008-

Tibetan leaders have backed the Dalai Lama’s long-standing policy of pursuing autonomy for their homeland under Chinese sovereignty but said they would suspend negotiations with China and consider pushing for independence if the stalemate drags on.

Nearly 600 Tibetans signalled their impatience and frustration at the end of a historic week-long “special meeting” convened at their exile capital in Dharamsala, northern India.

“The majority were for the ‘middle way’. But looking at the [actions] of China in recent times, we’ve decided we will not send our envoys for further contact,” said Dolma Gyari, deputy speaker of the Tibetan parliament-in-exile. “If China doesn’t respond positively to our initiative, there will be no alternative but to . . . pursue complete independence.”

Envoys of the Dalai Lama, Tibet’s spiritual leader, said recently they were “deeply disappointed” with the latest round of talks this month in Beijing. They claimed that Chinese officials requested and then dismissed a memo outlining paths towards Tibetan autonomy.

In Dharamsala, delegates drafted a list of recommendations that could form the basis of a new China policy. The list included general support for the Dalai Lama’s middle way approach but also for independence if no results come in the near future.

The Dalai Lama refused to comment on the special meeting and said yesterday that more concrete conclusions would be reached next month.

“It’s up to the people. Discussions are still going on,” he said, referring to forthcoming talks with international pro-Tibet groups in New Delhi this weekend.

The Nobel laureate did not attend the special meeting so delegates could speak uninhibitedly. But after being briefed, he said he was “satisfied that people expressed themselves freely”.

At a press conference in Dharamsala the Dalai Lama reiterated his frustration over stalled talks with Beijing and said his faith in the Chinese government is “getting thinner and thinner”.

However, he emphasised he “still has faith in Chinese people”, in spite of their nationalist reaction to the unrest that erupted earlier this year in Tibet……. (more details from The Financial Times)

Posted in China, ethnic, Freedom of Belief, Human Rights, News, People, Politics, Religion, Religious, Social, Tibetan, World | Comments Off on Tibetans warn China on thirst for freedom

China: Xinjiang Uyghur Woman Faces Forced Abortion

Posted by Author on November 14, 2008


Radio Free Asia, 2008-11-13

HONG KONG—Arzigul Tursun, six months pregnant with her third child, is under guard in a hospital in China’s northwestern Xinjiang region, scheduled to undergo an abortion against her will because authorities say she is entitled to only two children.

As a member of the predominantly Muslim Uyghur minority, Tursun is legally permitted to more than the one child allowed most people in China. But when word of a third pregnancy reached local authorities, they coerced her into the hospital for an abortion, according to her husband.

“Arzigul is being kept in bed number three,” a nurse in the women’s section at Gulja’s Water Gate Hospital said in a telephone interview. “We will give an injection first. Then she will experience abdominal pain, and the baby will come out by itself. But we haven’t given her any injection yet—we are waiting for instructions from the doctors.”

China’s one-child-per-family policy applies mainly to majority Han Chinese but allows ethnic minorities, including Uyghurs, to have additional children, with peasants permitted to have three children and city-dwellers two.

But while Tursun is a peasant, her husband, Nurmemet Tohtasin, is from the city of Gulja [in Chinese, Yining] so their status is unclear. The couple live with their two children in Bulaq village, Dadamtu township, in Gulja.

Their experience sheds rare light on how China’s one-child policy is enforced in remote parts of the country, through fines, financial incentives, and heavy-handed coercion by zealous local officials eager to meet population targets set by cadres higher up……. (more details from Radio Free Asia)

Posted in China, ethnic, Human Rights, Law, Life, News, NW China, People, Politics, Social, Women, World, Xinjiang | 1 Comment »

With China’s crackdown, Muslim religion could be disappeared in 10 years

Posted by Author on November 8, 2008


Ryan Anson, Foreign Service, San Francisco Chronicle, USA, Friday, November 7, 2008-

(11-07) 04:00 PST Hotan, China – Following a spate of political violence, security has been so tight around here that a 25-year-old Muslim jade dealer agreed to talk to a reporter only if they met 20 miles outside this historic Silk Road town in remote northwestern China.

“I wanted to study teachings like the Hadith,” said the man who identified himself only as Hussein, referring to a collection of the prophet Muhammad’s sayings. “I’m too old now. It makes me sad.”

As children, Hussein and millions of other young Uighurs never attended the religious schools known as madrassas or prayed at mosques because of a government ban on Islamic education for those under 18. Since Hussein never learned about religious laws governing marriage and family, he feels unprepared to have children, and he wonders whether future generations will be able to practice their faith before adulthood.

“Maybe in 10 years, there will be no more religion in Xinjiang” (province), said Hussein.

Human rights groups and Uighur exile organizations echo such concern.

Since the end of the Olympic Games in late August, the Chinese government’s crackdown on Uighurs with alleged separatist ties in this oil-rich province has escalated, according to Alim Seytoff, general secretary of the Uighur American Association, based in Washington, D.C.

History of tension

Friction between Beijing and China’s largest Muslim minority community is hardly new. Uighurs have long chafed at restrictions on Islam, which include studying Arabic only at government schools, banning government workers from practicing Islam and barring imams from teaching religion in private.

But the latest round of unrest is the worst since an uprising in the town of Yining 11 years ago killed scores of people, observers and residents say. Since August, at least 33 people have been killed in a series of attacks and bombings……. (more details from San Francisco Chronicle)

Posted in China, ethnic, Human Rights, Law, News, NW China, People, Politics, Religious, Social, World, Xinjiang, Yining | 1 Comment »

China: Repression continues in Tibet, foreign media still unable to investigate

Posted by Author on November 7, 2008


Reporters Without Borders, Nov.7, 2008-

Reporters Without Borders deplores the Chinese government’s lack of goodwill towards foreign journalists trying to visit Tibet and its repressions of Tibetans who dare to talk about what has happened to them. A Tibetan monk, for example, was arrested three days ago after speaking openly in a video and answering a foreign journalist’s questions about the torture he underwent in prison.

“The simple fact that the freedom of movement and freedom to interview granted to foreign journalists are not been applied in Tibet shows that a state of exception still exists in the province,” Reporters Without Borders said. “The foreign journalists who have managed to get into Tibet confirm that a heavy military and police presence has imposed a climate of fear for most Tibetans. The news blackout is designed to prevent journalists from carrying out an independent evaluation of the toll from last March’s unrest.”

The press freedom organisation added: “We above all urge the Chinese government to allow foreign journalists to travel freely to Tibet. The government must also, as a matter of urgency, release all Tibetans held for expressing their views or for providing information about the situation in the province.”

Jigme Guri, a Buddhist monk at Labrang monastery (in Gansu province) was arrested by about 50 police and soldiers on 4 November after recording a video in which he spoke openly about the torture to which he was submitted after being arrested in March. He also answered an Associated Press reporter’s questions in September, explaining how he was hung by his arms and beaten to make him confess to leading the March protests in Labrang. The authorities have not provided any information about him since his second arrest.

The Chinese authorities announced on 17 October that rules allowing foreign journalists freedom of movement and freedom to interview would remain in force. But these rules do not apply to the Tibetan region, which the press can only visit after obtaining the agreement of the local authorities. Very few of such permits are given to foreign reporters.

In August, Agence France-Presse reporters tried to visit the Tibetan region of Garze, in Sichuan province, where soldiers had opened fire on demonstrators a short while before. They managed to get as far as Kangding, but it proved impossible to continue to Garze. On the instructions of the authorities, all drivers were refusing to take foreigners there. The reporters saw a significant military presence in both the cities and the countryside, and strict police control around Buddhist temples.

There are many police controls around Tibet and provinces with a Tibetan population, as well as around the Tibetan capital of Lhasa, where a permit has to be obtained in order to travel to Shigatse or Gyantse.

No foreign journalist has been able to cover the trials of Tibetans accused of participating in the March riots. According to a recent statement by a Chinese official, at least 55 people have been given prison sentences.

Several foreign journalists have told Reporters Without Borders it has become much harder to work in Tibet since the riots. “Far fewer people dare to talk now,” said a European journalist who went to Tibet in August.” “And investigating what happened in March is an ordeal. You can read the fear on their faces.” Like the other journalists, she travelled to Tibet on tourist visa…… (more details)

– Reporters Without Borders

Posted in censorship, China, ethnic, Freedom of Speech, Human Rights, Journalist, Law, Media, News, People, Politics, Press freedom, Social, SW China, Tibet, World, Xizang | Comments Off on China: Repression continues in Tibet, foreign media still unable to investigate

Tibetan monk who spoke openly against China police, is arrested

Posted by Author on November 6, 2008


Jane Macartney in Beijing, Times Online, November 4, 2008-

A Tibetan monk who is one of a very few to speak openly of his mistreatment by Chinese police after demonstrations against Beijing in March was arrested today when he emerged from two months in hiding.

More than 70 police, including members of the paramilitary People’s Armed Police, raided the dormitory of the Labrang monastery in western China that was Jigme’s home, sources told The Times.

Police vehicles, their sirens wailing, drew up outside the monastery just after midday. Armed officers poured out and entered Jigme’s cell near the front of the ancient edifice that sprawls up a hillside in Gansu province.

A source said: “We don’t believe they gave any reason for his arrest. They came at lunchtime when most of the monks were in their rooms and there were fewer people around.”

Jigme, who only uses one name, had been in hiding, moving from safe house to safe house on the vast Tibetan plateau, ever since he made a video in late August – later posted on Youtube – in which he described two months of interrogation and abuse by police.

Friends told The Times that he decided to return to his monastery after police, who had visited his family, said he would be safe from arrest if he returned to his monastery. With the onset of winter, he decided to believe the authorities.

He is one of the few Tibetans to speak openly of his experiences at the hands of the security forces since 22 people were killed in violent anti-Chinese demonstrations in the Tibetan capital, Lhasa, in early March. The demonstration quickly spread to other Tibetan regions of China.

In his video, in which he shows his face, Jigme described how he had been dragged off the street while waiting for his shoes to be mended by four uniformed guards who pulled him into a white van. He was driven to a guest-house run by local paramilitary police and held even though he insists he took no part in the anti-Chinese unrest that swept Tibetan regions of China in March.

He was taken to a prison in a town near the monastery. He told the Associated Press: “They demanded to know if I was a leader of the protest and what contact I had with the Dalai Lama. They hung me up by my hands and beat my hard all over with their fists.” He said similar treatment was meted out to other Tibetan prisoners, and family members were refused permission to bring them additional food and warm clothing.

He was twice taken to hospital. The second time, after lying unconscious for six days, he was handed over to his family who took him to another hospital where he recovered after 20 days of treatment and a rest. He returned in May to the monastery where he his a member of the Gyuto Dratsang, or Upper Tantric College, one of its six institutes of learning.

He told one interviewer: “I’m not afraid of being taken in. I have no regrets. I am not guilty of anything.”

– The Times Online:
Jigme, the Tibetan monk who spoke against Chinese police, is arrested

Posted in China, ethnic, Freedom of Speech, Human Rights, Law, News, People, Politics, Religion, Religious, Social, SW China, Tibet, Tibetan, World | Comments Off on Tibetan monk who spoke openly against China police, is arrested

Tortured in prison for helping make Tibet documentary in China, says Buddhist monk

Posted by Author on October 20, 2008


Reporters Without Borders, 20 October 2008-

Reporters Without Borders is relieved to learn that Jigme Gyatso, a Buddhist monk who was arrested for helping to make a documentary about Tibet, was released last week but the organisation is outraged that he was tortured during the seven months he was held.

“Yet again we have evidence that torture is still being used in Tibetan prisons,” Reporters Without Borders said. “The Chinese authorities must provide an explanation for this disgraceful affair. Since the events of March, the government has prevented the dissemination of any reports about the situation in Tibet and many dissidents have been arrested. A climate of fear has taken hold in the towns and around the monasteries.”

Jigme Gyatso assisted Dhondup Wangchen as a cameraman in making the documentary. They were arrested in March, shortly after they finished filming. Jigme Gyatso was released conditionally on 15 October from a prison in the city of Kachu, in Ganzu province.

According to Filming For Tibet, the Swiss-based company that produced the documentary, Jigme Gyatso has returned to Labrang Tashikyil monastery in Gansu province, but it is not yet clear if the charges against have been dropped. “He was told by the authorities that he will remain under observation and that his probation will last one year,” the production company said.

The Swiss producers also passed on his account of the brutal interrogations to which he was subjected after being arrested. “The interrogators beat him continuously and hanged him by his feet from the ceiling for hours and kept him tied for days on the interrogation chair,” they said.

Called Leaving Fear Behind (www.leavingfearbehind.com), the 25-minute documentary consists of a series of interview with Tibetans in the Amdo region in which they express their views on the Dalai Lama, the Olympic Games and Chinese legislation.

The maker of the documentary, Dhondup Wangchen, is still detained in Ershilipu prison in Xining province.

Reporters Without Borders

Posted in China, ethnic, Human Rights, Law, News, People, Politics, Religious, Social, SW China, Tibet, Torture, World, Xizang | Comments Off on Tortured in prison for helping make Tibet documentary in China, says Buddhist monk

Fake Attack Exposes Communist China’s Links to Terrorism

Posted by Author on October 8, 2008


By D.J. McGuire, Via The Epochtimes, Oct. 6, 2008-

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is desperate to have the free world—especially the American people—believe that it, too, is battling radical Islamic terrorists. So when a report of a machete attack in Kashgar, East Turkestan (called “Xinjiang” by the cadres) made the news just before the Olympics, the Communists played it up for all it was worth.

Only now, after the Olympics have long since ended, are contradictory details coming out. According to witnesses, as reported by the International Herald Tribune, the actual incident involved a car crash and paramilitary officers playing the “terrorist” role—a situation eerily similar to a staged anti-terror raid in Urumqi earlier this year.

For the cadres, this couldn’t have come at a worse time. Candy in Great Britain, pork products in Japan, coffee in the United States, cereal in Hong Kong, all are the latest of imports and nations ensnared by Communist China’s melamine scandal. The cadres responded with nearly two dozen arrests, but reports of arrests and actual catching of guilty parties rarely go hand in hand where the CCP is concerned.

Of course, the Korean colony is doing its best to distract everyone, and there is the space walk to celebrate—now that it’s really happened, but these distractions are hardly making a dent with the avalanche of melamine outrages out there.

Even worse for the CCP, the traditional concerns of the democratic world about its internal practices (such as the treatment of dissidents) have now spread to its external actions, such as the aforementioned exports issue, the tightening grip on Africa, the Long Arm of CCP Lawlessness reaching into Western countries, and its overall military objectives.

Even with all of this, the cadres would normally feel confident in their ability to ride out the storm; after all, the world believes they’re battling al-Qaedists in East Turkestan. That’s why the International Herald Tribune story is so damaging.

As I’ve mentioned ad infinitum, Communist China’s ties to Islamic terrorism run long and deep. Whether it’s al Qaeda, Iran, Syria, Saddam Hussein, or the Taliban, if it’s a terrorist group or regime looking to strike America, it has a friend in the Chinese Communist Party.  For the Communist regime, it’s the perfect win-win: it gets allies willing to strike against the U.S. in ways it could never do, and said allies—for their own reasons—are more than willing, even eager, to take all the credit for themselves, leaving the cadres apparently blameless.

This truth, if it were ever to become widely known, would start the countdown to the end of the Communist regime. Washington would want nothing to do with a Communist tyranny that considers Osama bin Laden a tool to be used against America.

Even European capitals which have a history of accommodation and appeasement would think twice about the Beijing regime.

So, the regime tries to distract the rest of the world with its phony war in East Turkestan in the hope that no one pays close attention to either its brutal occupation or the fact that the native Uighur population is just about the most pro-American group of Muslims on Earth.

All of that gets blurred by local acts of “terrorism.”

That is, until the acts are exposed as forgeries, like the Kashgar “attack” now appears to be exposed.  Then the truth comes into view once more, and the truth is this: the Chinese Communist Party is not an enemy of radical Islamic terror; it is a benefactor of radical Islamic terror.

The Beijing regime does not stand with the democratic world; it stand against them.  America is not a friend, customer, or even a rival to the CCP; America is the enemy of the CCP.

The free world can not afford to ignore this reality; for the War on Terror will not end in Tehran, Baghdad, or Kabul, but in Beijing.  America and her allies will never be secure until China is free.

D.J. McGuire is cofounder of the China e-Lobby and the author of Dragon in the Dark: How and Why Communist China Helps Our Enemies in the War on Terror.

The Epochtimes

Posted in China, ethnic, Incident, News, NW China, People, Politics, Social, World, Xinjiang | Comments Off on Fake Attack Exposes Communist China’s Links to Terrorism

Uyghur Radio Worker Sacked, Detained for criticizing China policy

Posted by Author on September 12, 2008


Radio Free China, Sep. 8, 2008-

HONG KONG— Authorities at a Chinese government-run radio station in the remote Xinjiang region have fired and detained an ethnic Uyghur woman working there, apparently for criticizing government policy, Uyghur sources have said.

Mehbube Ablesh, 29, was removed from her post at Xinjiang People’s Radio Station several weeks ago, according to two colleagues at the government-run station in Urumqi, capital of the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region.

Ablesh, who studied journalism, was employed in the station’s advertising department, although her exact duties there weren’t immediately clear.

“She was fired a month ago. Now we hear she is in prison and we don’t have any information about Mehbube’s prison situation,” one colleague said, speaking on condition of anonymity. “We tried to lead her in the right direction but she didn’t listen to us.”

“Management already held a meeting and told all 60 employees that Mehbube committed mistakes. She wrote articles for Web sites. I don’t know which Web sites, and I don’t know what she wrote about or what she discussed, [but] she wrote articles for Web sites and so she has been arrested by the police,” the colleague said.

Another colleague confirmed her removal from the station “about one month ago.”

A third source, based in Europe, said he had been in contact with Ablesh and that in her messages she had sharply criticized top provincial leaders and the government’s policy of requiring Mandarin-language teaching. She may have been detained because of this, he said.

“Our department is a journalism department—people should be very careful because it is a very sensitive place,” the first source said.

“She prayed. But she didn’t wear a headscarf. What she did was wrong. The government provided her everything—a good job, everything. It is the same everywhere, in America too. If the government provides you a good job, everything, and you speak out against the government, you will be punished. Isn’t it so?”

Multi-lingual radio
A radio station employee, contacted by telephone, declined to discuss the matter.

“It is too sensitive to talk about issues like this. You can verify the issue through other channels. It may be a normal thing to talk about it somewhere else, but this is Xinjiang. It’s too sensitive,” the employee said.

Radio employees declined to comment further and referred questions to the police and Public Security Bureau. Officials at both offices declined to comment.

Xinjiang People’s Radio currently broadcasts a total of 111 hours daily in Uyghur, Mandarin, Kazak, Mongolian, and Kyrgyz, according to its official Web site.

Following a string of violent attacks in remote, northwestern Xinjiang, Chinese authorities are stepping up restrictions on Muslim Uyghurs during the fasting month of Ramadan. Police say women are being forced to uncover their faces in public, while restrictions on teaching Islam to Uyghur children are being intensified……. (more details from Radio Free China)

Posted in China, ethnic, Freedom of Speech, Human Rights, Law, Media, News, NW China, People, Politics, radio, Social, Speech, Women, World, Xinjiang | Comments Off on Uyghur Radio Worker Sacked, Detained for criticizing China policy

China is a multi-ethnic state with little multiculturalism

Posted by Author on September 9, 2008


Craig Kielburger and Marc Kielburger, Special to the Vancouver Sun, Canada, Monday, September 08, 2008-

Clad in brightly-coloured costumes, 56 children paraded through the Bird’s Nest at last month’s Olympic Opening ceremonies.

Each child represented one of China’s 56 ethnic groups. All smiles, they carried the Chinese flag to a group of soldiers who hoisted it up the mast.

The symbolism was evident to anyone watching — the state protecting the culture of each child.

When the ceremonies were over, the hoax was revealed. The children were part of an acting troupe and all were Han Chinese, the group makes up about 92 per cent of the population.

Yes, the children represented a scandal that caught headlines. But the symbolism may be the bigger deception.

About 112 million people make up China’s minorities, a population more than three times the size of Canada’s. These minorities are largely neglected by the state. The 56 ethnic groups are strictly defined by the state. Others simply don’t exist.

“The official categories aren’t really the way people live their lives,” says Edward Friedman, a professor of Chinese politics at the University of Wisconsin. “The Chinese state has an official set of categories and you shouldn’t take them seriously.”

China says it’s a “united socialist multiethnic state.” In reality, it is one of many countries with a wealth of diversity but virtually no embrace of multiculturalism.

Multiculturalism promotes the celebration of ethnicity, helping to enrich cultures and break down social barriers. When it is not embraced, the risk is losing the diversity altogether.

China’s economic boom has created centres of wealth around the country. The areas populated by minorities like the Tibetans and the Uighurs still experience extreme poverty.

The promise of wealth has led some minorities to the cities where often their cultural ties are lost. The Chinese state has also taken to moving Han Chinese to areas that were once populated by the minority.

Dermod Travis, the executive director of the Canada Tibet Committee, says this practice is diluting the culture.

“In Lhasa, there used to a very large public square where the Tibetans would sell their wares — jewelry, artworks and things like that,” he says. “Today if you go to that market, it’s virtually all Han Chinese.”

Travis says the Chinese government is fearful their state could dissolve if regions like Tibet seek sovereignty. Their solution is to enforce the “One China” policy to stop the minority groups from developing politically.

So, the Hakka, a culture with between 30 and 45 million people worldwide, are not included in the 56 categories.

Tibetan children face corporal punishment and abuse by authorities for wearing traditional dress and singing Tibetan songs.

More recently, the Muslim Uighur population has clashed with authorities. Resentment has grown towards the government, which discourages the practice of Islam.

At job fairs in the mineral-rich region, signs often read, “Uighurs need not apply.”

With so many cultures, China has potential to truly flourish culturally. To some extent, they are as Cantonese operas play in city centres while Szechwan art is sold in markets. Instead, a categorized system of 56 defined groups only limits the opportunities to learn and grow.

“The 56 categories get in the way of full cultural prosperity,” says Friedman.

“They are flourishing in little ways but obviously, to have freedom would help them more.”

Craig and Marc Kielburger co-founded Free the Children. The primary goal of the organization is to free children from poverty and exploitation through education.

– Original: Vancouver Sun

Posted in China, civilization, Culture, ethnic, Heritage, Life, News, People, Social, tradition, World | Comments Off on China is a multi-ethnic state with little multiculturalism

China: Restive, remote Tibetan region under military lockdown

Posted by Author on August 27, 2008


AFP, Aug. 25, 2008-

GARZE PREFECTURE, China (AFP) — Armed soldiers line the roads throughout these remote foothills of the Himalayas, travellers’ identifications are checked, and Tibetan monks talk warily of their communist Chinese rulers.

Garze prefecture, a rugged area that has historically been one of China’s most volatile Tibetan regions, hit the headlines again last week after the Dalai Lama accused soldiers of firing on a crowd there during the Olympics.

Swathes of the region in southwest China’s Sichuan province are under strict military lockdown, although locals say this has been the norm since unrest erupted in Tibetan-populated regions of the country in March.

“We are living under Chinese socialism,” one Buddhist monk at a temple in Kangding, the capital of Garze prefecture, told AFP when asked about government claims that “stability and harmony” had returned to the area.

“If the authorities say ‘stability and harmony’ have returned, then it has returned, because whatever they say goes.”

His sarcastic remark followed allegations from the Dalai Lama, Tibet’s exiled spiritual leader, that soldiers opened fire on a crowd in Garze town, which is in a remote pocket of the prefecture of the same name, on August 18.

The Dalai Lama said there were casualties but it was impossible to get any more information from the town due to the military lockdown.

The spiritual leader also accused China of expanding its crackdown across the Tibetan plateau, which takes in Tibet as well as Tibetan-populated areas of western Chinese provinces such as Garze.

Tibetan monks were heavily involved in the protests that began to mark the anniversary of a 1959 uprising against Chinese rule, and China’s forces have focused special attention on monasteries in their bid to crush any opposition.

More than 400 Tibetans have died in the crackdown in Lhasa alone, according to the Dalai Lama. However Chinese authorities have reported killing just one “insurgent” and blamed Tibetan “rioters” for the deaths of 21 people.

The 1989 Nobel Peace Prize winner said it looked as though Chinese security forces were planning to maintain their heavy presence for many years, as there had been a “frenzy” of building new military camps in Tibetan populated areas.

“A project of long-term brutal repression is under way,” he said.

In and around Kangding, an AFP reporter saw armed soldiers and police officers guarding roads, and military trucks rumbling along mountainous roads.

In the Anjue Temple in Kangding, which belongs to the Dalai Lama’s Gelugpa sect, the premises were largely quiet as plainclothes police kept watch and dozens of police cars sat in the parking lot of two nearby hotels……. (more details from AFP)

Posted in China, ethnic, Human Rights, Life, military, News, People, Politics, Social, SW China, Tibet, Tibetan, World | Comments Off on China: Restive, remote Tibetan region under military lockdown

China’s ‘enemies’

Posted by Author on August 24, 2008


By GRAEME GREEN, The Metro, UK, Thursday, August 21, 2008-

While the Olympic Games have provided a chance for China to present its most polished face to the world, they have also given marginalised groups the opportunity to bring their agendas to the world’s attention.

As the games draw to a close, we look again at China’s ‘enemies’ before they slip back intothe white noise of international news.

The Uighur

The Muslim Uighurs claim China has used the war on terror to label all Uighur nationalists as terrorists and supress their culture and religion

The Muslim Uighurs claim China has used the 'war on terror' to label all Uighur nationalists as terrorists and supress their culture and religion

Who? The Uighur, predominantly Muslim, live in Xinjiang, an autonomous region in north-west China.

Spanning 1.6million sq km, it occupies approximately a sixth of the country.

More than 19million people live in Xinjiang; about 8.3million are Uighur. Traditionally once an obscure nomadic tribe, the Uighur rose to challenge the Chinese Empire.

The name Xinjiang, which means ‘new territory’ in Chinese, is considered offensive by advocates of Uighur independence who prefer historical or ethnic names such as Uyghurstan or East Turkestan.

Why protest? Uighurs have reported arbitrary arrests, torture and executions.

Human rights organisations have voiced their concern that, since 9/11, the ‘war on terror’ has been used as an excuse by the Chinese government to repress ethnic Uighurs; China claims Islamic fighters operating in the region have been trained and funded by Al-Qaeda and repeatedly refer to Uighur nationalists as ‘terrorists’.

The Chinese government has also been accused of suppressing Uighur culture and religion.

Falun Gong

Who? Falun Gong (Work of the Law Wheel) is a religious and spiritual practice of ‘self cultivation’ based on ancient teachings but brought to public attention in 1992 by Master Li Hongzhi.

It mixes Taoist and Buddhist principles and exercises such as meditation and the importance of truthfulness and compassion.

Though numbers are contested, the group has an estimated 100million members worldwide (the Chinese Communist Party has 60million), including 70million in China.

Why? After 10,000 followers staged a 24-hour silent protest outside Communist Party headquarters in Beijing in 1999 against the arrests and beatings of several of their leaders, Falun Gong was banned and declared an ‘evil cult’, accused of engaging in illegal activities, advocating superstition and jeopardising social stability.

(Video: 10,000 Falun Gong followers protest outside Zhongnanhai against the arrests and beatings, April 25, 1999)

Since then, the state has cracked down on its followers with, say Amnesty International, torture, beatings, illegal imprisonment, psychiatric abuses and ‘re-education’ through forced labour camps.

More than 800 followers are said to have been beaten or tortured to death in custody, though actual figures are thought higher.

There are also reports followers have been executed to harvest organs for the profitable transplant trade.

Tibetans

A German protest against Chinese presence in Tibet

A German protest against Chinese presence in Tibet

Who? Tibet is a mountainous region in Central Asia. It was formerly an independent kingdom but, after China invaded the country in 1950, it became part of the People’s Republic of China (which claims Tibet has always been a part of China).

It’s now known as the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR). Its capital, Lhasa, was previously home to the mainly Buddhist country’s spiritual and political leader, the 14th Dalai Lama, who is living in exile in India.

Why? Since invading Tibet, China has clamped down on religious and cultural freedoms, with documented cases of human rights abuses, religious persecution and torture.

Many Tibetans, both within the country and in exile, continue to demand a return to independence.

Chinese authorities have also been accused of trying to bring about demographic change or ‘cultural genocide’ by giving jobs and other incentives to Chinese populations within Tibet and plundering the country’s natural resources, both likely to be hastened by the construction of a new rail connection between China and Tibet.

Internal dissidents

Who? Despite claiming the Beijing Olympics would open China up to the world, clamping down on dissidents and activists continues.

Individuals and groups calling for democratic change, freedom of information, internet and other media, freedom of expression, workers’ rights and religious freedom are among those jailed or punished.

A recent example is Hu Jia, accused of ‘inciting to subvert state power’ for writing articles about freedom, democracy, the environment and Aids and for repeated contact with foreign journalists.

After months of house arrest, he was recently jailed for three-and-a-half years. His wife and baby daughter went missing on August 7, the day before the Olympics started, both thought to have been taken into police custody.

Why?
Chinese authorities continue to take a tough stance against internal criticism, often handing out lengthy jail sentences for ‘dissent’ or ‘subversion’ of state power.

Activists abroad and inside China are calling for the release of dissidents in prisons or forced labour camps, and to end torture and intimidation.

Many dissidents have sought asylum in other countries and would be arrested if they attempted to re-enter China.

– Original: Defying the great Chinese dragon

Posted in China, Dissident, ethnic, Falun Gong, Human Rights, Law, News, People, Politics, Religious, Report, Social, Tibetan, World | Comments Off on China’s ‘enemies’

The China Government and Religious Freedom

Posted by Author on August 23, 2008


PLEASE REGISTER HERE TO PROTEST,
BUT WE MIGHT ARREST YOU IF YOU DO

By Nick Gier, Professor Emeritus, University of Idaho, Via The New West Network, US, 8-21-2008 –

To give the impression that China actually does respect human rights, the government has set aside three city parks for protestors during the Beijing Olympics. Permits are required, but so far none of the 77 applications have been approved.

Two applications were rejected because they were deemed “incomplete,” and one was dismissed because it violated “national, social, and collective interests.” With regard to the 74 other requests, officials were happy to declare that the problems had already been addressed and presumably resolved, thank goodness.

In 1992 I was invited to participate in a conference on Christianity and Confucianism in Beijing. Over one hundred scholars from around the world had been invited by the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences.

When I arrived, I learned that the conference had been cancelled, and that the event’s organizer had resigned in protest. He told me that the government decided that holding the conference would have encouraged the illegal “House Church” movement in the country.

The House Church movement is a loose alliance of Protestant and Catholic congregations, which have refused to register with the Chinese government. The best estimate of total numbers is 14 million Roman Catholics and 39 million Protestants. It is illegal for Chinese Roman Catholics to pay allegiance to the pope, and thousands of them have been arrested, tortured, and killed over the years.

Early this March 270 House Church Protestants were arrested in Shandong Province, and 21 of their pastors were sent to labor camps with sentences ranging from 15 months to three years. This was the most extensive repression of Christians since China’s “Strike Hard” campaign in 1983.

When I was in Beijing, I visited many Buddhist temples and I talked to as many monks as I could. Without exception the monks appeared listless and unmotivated.

I knew better than to ask any of these monks about the Dalai Lama. In contrast to my experiences in Tibet in 1999, I did not see a single picture of him in the major Chinese cities that I visited in 1992.

Most Han Chinese have bought the party line that the Dalai Lama is an evil “splitist” and that he should be condemned. Government officials are patiently waiting for his death, so that they can announce their own replacement and further tighten their control over Tibetan Buddhism.

Muslims in China are allowed to practice their faith as long as their mosques are registered. Although their exact numbers are in dispute, the best figure is about 20 million. Many of China’s Muslims, called Uighurs, live in Xinjiang, the westernmost province comprising one sixth of China’s landmass.

Recently some militant Uighurs have used the rhetoric of jihad, and there are reports that they have made an alliance with Al Qaeda. On August 4, just before the Olympics began, 16 Chinese police were killed by Islamic terrorists in the Silk Road city of Kashgar, and all of Xinjiang has been put under tight security.

American officials doubt the Al Qaeda connection and suspect that China is using that as an excuse to crack down on legitimate protests to their harsh rule in the province.

The most disturbing religious repression has come down against Falun Gong, a new Chinese religion closely connected to a very ancient and highly respected practice called Qigong, sometimes called Chinese Yoga.

Founded in 1992, Falun Gong numbers grew rapidly to between 70-100 million, and its leader Li Hongzhi received praise and support from the government’s Qigong Science Research Society.

The trouble started over a dispute about Li’s decision not to charge a fee for Qigong instruction, and after that the government turned against Li and Falun Gong with a vengeance.

Since 1999 there has been severe repression against Falun Gong members. It is said that 66 percent of all torture cases in China has been against Falun Gong members. They may comprise half of the population of China’s notorious re-education camps. Two Canadian human rights activists claim to have verified the practice of harvesting organs from hapless Falun Gong prisoners.

I firmly believe that the Olympic Games should not be politicized, but as we are inspired by the performances of the athletes this week, let us remember that the host government is one of the world’s worst human rights violators.

Nick Gier taught religion and philosophy at the University of Idaho for 31 years.

Read or listen to all of his columns at http://www.NickGier.com.

– Original: The New West Network

Posted in China, ethnic, Falun Gong, Human Rights, Law, News, Opinion, People, Politics, Religion, Religious, Report, Social, Tibetan, World | Comments Off on The China Government and Religious Freedom

China’s new Olympic fakery scandal: 56 so-called ‘ethnic’ children in opening ceremony actually come from Han majority

Posted by Author on August 17, 2008


Jane Macartney and Hannah Fletcher in Beijing, The Times Online, UK, August 16, 2008 –

As they paraded cheerfully into the Bird’s Nest stadium in their brightly coloured cultural costumes, the 56 smiling children were described as coming from China’s 56 ethnic groups.

Their different hats, dresses and robes may indeed have represented the diversity of the world’s most populous nation. But an official from the children’s dance troupe revealed yesterday that the youngsters did not.

There were no Uighurs, no Zhuangs, no Huis, no Tujias, no Mongols and definitely no Tibetans. Indeed, in the latest in a series of manipulations that have soured memories of the spectacular opening ceremony, all 56 were revealed to be Han Chinese, who make up more than 90 per cent of the country’s 1.3 billion people.

The latest example of artifice comes after revelations that some of the fireworks seen by TV audiences in the opening ceremony were computer-generated and that a song was mimed because the child singer was not deemed pretty enough.

“I think you are being very meticulous,” said Wang Wei, vice-president of the Beijing Olympic Organising Committee, trying to brush the latest revelation aside. “It is rather normal and usual for actors and actresses to be dressed in costumes from different ethnic groups. There is nothing special about it.”

But that was not how the official programme announced the Galaxy Children’s Art Troupe. It declared that the children who clustered around the national flag in a show of unity were from all the various ethnic groups.

One Tibetan told The Times: “They all looked like Han Chinese. It was clear to everyone at the start. But I suppose they thought there was too much risk that even a child could make an unacceptable gesture.”

Officials are particularly sensitive about the disclosure after ethnic riots in Tibet in March when 22 people, mostly Han Chinese, were killed, and after three attacks in the westernmost Xinjiang region against security forces by suspected Muslim separatists.

Many Chinese said that the use of the Han children was normal since they were actors. Others said the decision put the spotlight on the cultural dominance of the Han and the unwillingness of the majority ethnic group to tolerate others. The Communist Party is at pains to play down ethnic differences in the Olympic year.

Officials have also confirmed that a leading dancer injured in a rehearsal for the opening ceremony could be paralysed for life.

Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Beijing, Beijing Olympics, China, ethnic, Human Rights, News, People, Politics, Social, Sports, World | 1 Comment »

Clampdown in China Muslim region after bloody attack on police

Posted by Author on August 5, 2008


AFP, Aug. 4, 2008-

KASHGAR, China (AFP) — Chinese authorities moved Tuesday to keep a lid on further information about a bloody assault on police in Kashgar with a truck, explosives and machetes.

At the hotel directly across from the site of Monday’s raid, which killed 16 policemen, guests were told in the morning that the Internet had been shut off across the city, on police orders.

Police entered an AFP photographer’s hotel room and forced him to delete photos he had taken of the scene. Plainclothes police followed journalists as they moved around the city.

“We can’t talk about that. You must understand if we talk about it, the police will come and arrest us,” said a shopkeeper in Kashgar, a remote city in northwest China’s Xinjiang region, who declined to be named.

Nevertheless some independent information emerged outside of the uniform coverage in China’s state-run press, which was all based on reports from the official Xinhua news agency.

Foreign witnesses described a “sickening” scene that unfolded as two assailants drove a truck at a group of policemen who were out jogging, then attacked the officers with small explosives and machetes.

“My wife almost threw up and had to lie down afterward,” said Wlodzislaw Duch, a Polish tourist who watched the assault from his hotel room directly across the street from the scene.

The Xinhua news agency said the two, aged 28 and 33, were arrested immediately, and identified the men as members of the Muslim ethnic Uighur group, a Turkic-speaking people that have long chafed at Chinese rule of Xinjiang.

The state-controlled China Daily, the government’s main outlet to foreign audiences, said the East Turkestan Islamic Movement (ETIM), listed by the UN as a terrorist organisation, was “likely” responsible.

“There is little doubt that the ETIM is behind the attack,” said Li Wei, an anti-terrorism expert at the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations, according to the paper.

The attack showed the ETIM is now “into advanced planning” since “it has rarely used cars or trucks in an attack before,” Li was quoted as saying.

China has repeatedly warned the ETIM was planning to stage attacks on the Beijing Olympics, which starts on Friday.

However Chinese authorities have not gone on the record to blame the ETIM for Monday’s attack, allowing only unofficial “experts” to be be used in the state-run press.

Beijing Olympic organisers said they did not know yet if there was a direct connection to the showpiece sporting event, but insisted the Games would not be threatened.

“There is always the risk to the security of the Bejing Olympics,” Sun Weide, a spokesman for the Beijing Olympic organising committee, told reporters.

“That is why we have drafted hundreds of security plans, and now we are prepared to deal with these kind of security threats. We can guarantee a safe and peaceful Olympic Games.”

Xinjiang, a vast area that borders Central Asia, has about 8.3 million Uighurs , and many are unhappy with what they say has been decades of repressive Communist Chinese rule.

Two short-lived East Turkestan republics emerged in Xinjiang in the 1930s and 1940s, at a time when central government control in China was weakened by civil war and Japanese invasion.

The exiled leader of China’s Uighur Muslims condemned the reported killings.

“We condemn all acts of violence,” Rebiya Kadeer said in Washington, where she has been living in exile since 2005 after spending six years in a Beijing prison. “The Uighur people do not support acts that engender bloodshed.”

Original from AFP

Posted in Bombing, China, ethnic, Incident, Law, News, NW China, People, Politics, Social, World, Xinjiang | Comments Off on Clampdown in China Muslim region after bloody attack on police

Tibetan monasteries empty as China jails monks to silence Olympic protests

Posted by Author on July 8, 2008


From The Times, UK, July 7, 2008-

Chinese authorities tightened security around Tibet’s main monasteries and banned visits to a sacred site on the edge of the capital, Lhasa, for fear of a fresh outburst of unrest on the Dalai Lama’s birthday.

Few monks remain, however, in the province’s three most important monasteries. Many have disappeared, their whereabouts a mystery. Chinese officials have deployed troops and paramilitary police around the ancient religious institutions, suspecting these sprawling hillside communities are at the heart of the unrest that has swept the region since early March.

Dozens, possibly several hundred, have been arrested or are detained and under investigation for their roles in the anti-Chinese demonstrations and riots that hit Lhasa on March 14. This, however, does not account for the empty halls in the three great monasteries, Drepung, Sera and Ganden, that lie near the city. Several hundred monks are believed to have been living in each of them before the violence erupted.

Now Tibetan sources have revealed that most of the monks, more than 1,000 in total, have been transferred to many prisons and detention centres in and around the city of Golmud in neighbouring Qinghai province. The detained monks are all young ethnic Tibetans from surrounding regions who had made their way to Lhasa, their spiritual capital, to study and pray in the most prestigious spiritual centres on the Roof of the World. Jane Macartney in Beijing

Their detention is part of a policy to rid the monasteries of any monks not registered as formal residents of the administrative region, known as the Tibetan Autonomous Region.

Family members say that the monks have been told they will be incarcerated in Golmud only until the end of the Olympic Games in Beijing. The policy is part of a campaign by the Chinese Government to ensure that the Games, opening on August 8 and lasting for two weeks, pass off without a hitch and without protests from the restive Tibetans, they told The Times.

“After that they have been told that they will be allowed to leave, because they are not guilty of a crime,” one man whose brother is among the detained said. “But they will be ordered to return to their home villages and will not be permitted to go back to the monasteries in Lhasa.” There were no reports that any of those being held were being mistreated, he added.

The monks’ detention is, in effect, a decision by China to implement a policy first promulgated in 1994 to limit the size of Tibet’s monasteries, because increasing religious freedoms were attracting growing numbers.

Sera monastery, for example, is supposed to house no more than 400 monks but is believed to have grown to more than 1,000. In Drepung – at its height the largest monastery in the world – has been allocated a similar quota but has allowed as many as 900 monks to live in its high-walled compounds. The monasteries have for years allowed young boys well below the age of 18 to enter in direct contravention of the rules but the authorities had turned a blind eye.

The abbots have encouraged the unofficial monks because they found that those from other regions tended to be the most devoted and diligent, Tibetan sources said.

Registered monks are given a monthly stipend that can sometimes be as much as 5,000 yuan (£350) depending on the donations to a monastery and entrance ticket sales. Many prefer to spend their days playing video games and DVDs rather than reading the scriptures, they said. They voiced concern that the monasteries could lose many of their best Buddhist scholars if the monks were not allowed to return after the Olympics.

Authorities have ordered all Tibetans without a Lhasa residence permit to leave the city and to return to their homes. Reports are increasing of the authorities targeting individuals whose dress, haircut or even teeth – Tibetans from Sichuan and Qinghai favour gold fillings – mark them out as coming from neighbouring regions.

Tibetan residents of Lhasa say that they prefer not to wear Tibetan dress for fear they will be stopped and questioned on the street by police or soldiers. Men say that they are growing their hair so as not be mistaken for a monk and interrogated.

One man, from the Khamba group that lives in western Sichuan province and is renowned for its warriors, told how he was arrested after the March 14 riot because his long hair identified him as being from that region.

The huge security operation has,however, failed to halt protests by Tibetans demanding the return of the Dalai Lama and independence for their homeland. On June 18 six took place in Ganze county alone.

One Tibetan source said: “They know they are going to be arrested but people still go out and demonstrate. And then you can see the cats come out and catch them like mice.”

Ancient traditions

Drepung monastery

The largest of Tibetan monasteries, whose name means “rice heap”. Its population numbered as many as 7,700 in the 1930s and sometimes up to 10,000. Founded in 1416, it has long been been regarded as the most academic monastery of the Gelukpa – or Yellow Hat – sect

Sera monastery

Its name means “Enclosure of Roses”. Also founded in the early 15th century. Began as a scholarly institution but became known as the home of warrior monks whose responsibility was to defend Tibet and its Buddhist traditions

Ganden monastery

The oldest of the three great monasteries, its name means “continent of completely victorious happiness”. It is 35 miles from Lhasa and has long been the smallest house. It suffered most during the 1966-76 Cultural Revolution, when it was dynamited by the Army and Red Guards

Original from Times Online

Posted in China, ethnic, Human Rights, Life, News, People, Politics, Religion, Religious, Social, SW China, Tibet, Tibetan, World, Xizang | Comments Off on Tibetan monasteries empty as China jails monks to silence Olympic protests

China Launches Forced Brainwash Campaign in Tibet

Posted by Author on April 22, 2008


BBC News, 21 April 2008-

China has launched an “education” campaign in Tibet it says is designed to undermine support for the Dalai Lama and any separatist sentiment.

The Tibet Daily newspaper said the campaign was to “unify the thinking… of officials and the masses”.

The initiative follows violent clashes last month between police and monks in Tibet, and pro-Tibetan demonstrations around the world.

Beijing has accused the Dalai Lama of inciting unrest – claims he has denied.

The Tibetan spiritual leader, who lives in exile in India, insists he has no political role and played no part in the protests by Tibetan Buddhist monks that erupted into rioting in the main city Lhasa.

But he condemned the Chinese crackdown that followed, and accused Beijing of committing “cultural genocide” in Tibet.

Tibetan sympathisers and human rights activists have since used the worldwide tour of the Olympic torch to protest against Beijing’s hosting of the Olympic Games this August.

Security tightened

China’s Communist Party has long used what it calls “patriotic education campaigns” to impose discipline and reinforce its authority, says the BBC’s Daniel Griffiths in Beijing.

The Tibet Daily says the latest drive will include television programmes and a series of sessions in which the Dalai Lama will be denounced by Communist Party members, other officials and local people.

Campaigns requiring monks in Tibetan monasteries to denounce the Dalai Lama and declare their loyalty to Beijing have also been stepped up.

China has poured troops into Tibet and tightened its borders ahead of the passage of the Olympic flame through the territory, on its way to Mount Everest in early May.

It accuses the Dalai Lama of wanting to divide Tibet from China and sabotage the Olympics.

France targeted

Protests have recently erupted in China to counter those that have accompanied the torch relay in the West.

The French supermarket company Carrefour has been targeted with an attempted boycott for allegedly supporting the Dalai Lama – though it has denied doing so.

French President Nicolas Sarkozy apologised in a letter to a disabled Chinese athlete who was jostled as she carried the Olympic torch in Paris, in an apparent attempt to soothe ties with China.

However, Paris city council has said it will give the Dalai Lama honorary citizenship.

Bertrand Delanoe, the city’s Socialist mayor, said the gesture would “pay tribute to a champion of peace – a tireless advocate of dialogue between peoples”.

Original report from BBC News: China seeks to ‘educate’ Tibetans

Posted in China, ethnic, Human Rights, News, People, Politics, Social, SW China, Tibet, Tibetan, World, Xizang | Comments Off on China Launches Forced Brainwash Campaign in Tibet

China: A Record of Tibet Unrest (1) April 10, 2008– by Tibetan Writer Woeser

Posted by Author on April 22, 2008


By Tsering Woeser, Reprinted from Woeser’s Blog, Via The Epochtimes, Apr 17, 2008-

Note: Tsering Woeser is the foremost Tibetan writer in Tibet and China today. She has published these entries in her blog to record the incidents occurring in Tibet and China. According to Radio Free Asia (RFA), she has been under house arrest in Beijing since March 10.

April 10, 2008

Today– it’s been exactly one month since March 10–is the 28th day since the Tibetans who died during the “3.14” event. It is also called “Kutes Shepa,” in terms of Tibetan burial custom, when many Tibetans in Lhasa light their candles praying for those deceased souls.

The No. 19 Arrest Warrant issued by the Department of Public Security of Tibet Autonomous Region, was broadcast in both Tibetan and Chinese on Tibet TV’s Entertainment Channel and Lhasa Television Station. Five men and one woman were wanted. So far there have been 111 wanted Tibetans in total.

It was reported that some rooms in the Lhasa Railway Station have been designated as temporary jails. Arrested Tibetans were sent by train to prisons in northwestern China. Currently all Tibetans traveling by train from Lhasa to Xining City in Qinghai Province have been examined thoroughly as many as seven times. No Tibetan is allowed to enter Lhasa without the identification card issued by the Tibet Autonomous Region (TAR).

To ensure the successful passage of the Olympic Torch through the Himalayan region in early May, the TAR instructed travel agencies not to allow foreign visitors. This notice withdrew an earlier decision by the regional tourism department, that is, the Tibetan region will be reopened to foreign tourists as of May 1.

According to sources, some monks were arrested from the Labrang Monastery in Xiahe County in the region of Amdo (under Gannan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Gansu Province) because yesterday they told the truth, to some foreign reporters. About 30 monks from the Oula Monastery in Machu County and 10 other Tibetans in Machu’s Oula Town were arrested on the evening of April 7. Lobsang Tscheng, Lobsang Tsundue, Lobsang Tinley, Lobsang Ngama and Jamyang Ngama were among the 23 monks who were arrested from the Kirti Monastery in Aba County in the region of Amdo (under Aba Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in Sichuan Province). Theauthorities are launching a propaganda campaign across Aba to conceal the truth. Local people were asked to make declarations, in front of propaganda agents’ cameras, stating: “Oppose the Dalai clique; never collect Dalai Lama’s portraits; do not join in the Dalai clique; never follow national splittists; the plot of ethnic separation will be foiled; support the Chinese Communist Party (CCP); follow the Party’s leadership and express thanks for the Party’s kindness.” They were also warned that they would be arrested if they refused to make such a public declaration.

Original report from The Epochtimes: A Record of Tibetan Unrest: April 10–April 13

Posted in China, Communist Party, ethnic, Human Rights, Incident, Killing, Lasa, Law, News, People, Politics, Propaganda, Religious, Social, SW China, Tibet, Tibetan, Woeser, World, writer, Xizang | Comments Off on China: A Record of Tibet Unrest (1) April 10, 2008– by Tibetan Writer Woeser

China’s Crackdown Intensified, 5 Tibetan Community Leaders Detained

Posted by Author on April 19, 2008


Radio Free Asia, 2008.04.17-

KATHMANDU—China is intensifying its crackdown on Tibet after the largest anti-Chinese protests there in almost 50 years. But many monks have refused to fly the Chinese flag on monastery roofs, sources in China and India say.

In addition to reports from remote Qinghai province this week that authorities have arrested Tibetan feminist and writer Jamyang Kyi, Tibetans say five other Qinghai Tibetan community leaders are in custody as well. All are residents of Machen [in Chinese, Maqin] county in Golog [Goulou] prefecture, and all are now being held in the provincial capital, Xining, sources said.

The five are Golog Dape, a popular comedian, leader of the Gangchen performance group, and animal rights activist; Dolma Kyi, a singer, activist, and founder of the folk-music company Gangchen Metok; Palchen Kyab, principal of the private Mayul Dargye school, founded with donations from Tibetan nomads; Lhundrup, Mayul Dargye’s assistant principal; and Sonam Dorje, a teacher.

Golog prefecture State Security Bureau officers took the five into custody March 31 and moved them to Xining, sources said. No information on charges against them was available. “No relatives have been allowed to visit them,” one source in Qinghai said.

An official at the Golog prefecture Public Security Bureau refused to comment and referred questions to her superior, who also refused to comment and hung up.

Also in Qinghai, according to the exile Tibetan Centre for Human Rights and Democracy, 100 people, including monks from the Rong Gonchen monastery, were arrested April 17 in Rebkong [Tongren Xian] county.

A hotel employee told RFA’s Cantonese service that tourists were now barred from visiting the Rong Gonchen temple. “There are some armed police there,” a local religious affairs official said.

“There aren’t many armed police, but there are many police there. No one can go to the monastery now. Other monasteries are o.k., though,” the official said. County officials and police declined to comment……. (more details from Radio Free Asia: China Steps Up Crackdown in Tibet)

Posted in China, ethnic, Freedom of Belief, Human Rights, Law, News, NW China, People, Politics, Qinghai, Religion, Religious, Social, Tibetan, World, Xining | Comments Off on China’s Crackdown Intensified, 5 Tibetan Community Leaders Detained

China Police Fire on Tibetan Protesters Again– in Sichuan Province, Death Toll Unknown

Posted by Author on April 5, 2008


Radio Free Asia, 2008.04.04-

KATHMANDU—Paramilitary police in China’s southwestern Sichuan province fired on a crowd of Tibetan protesters demanding the release of two detained monks, killing and wounding an unknown number of people, Radio Free Asia (RFA) reports.

At about 8 p.m. April 3, paramilitary People’s Armed Police fired on a crowd of several hundred monks from the Tongkor monastery in Kardze (in Chinese, Ganzi) and several hundred residents, witnesses told RFA’s Tibetan service.

The witnesses, who declined to be identified, said they believed 15 people were killed and dozens injured, with scores more unaccounted for as of April 4. Phone communication with the region was cut off after the shooting and no further information was available.

China’s official Xinhua news agency reported a “riot” late Thursday outside government offices in the Kardze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture but made no mention of any deaths. It said one government official was “attacked and seriously wounded” and that police were “forced to fire warning shots and put down the violence.”

A source told RFA’s Cantonese service: “One monk has been killed, and seven Tibetans. Yesterday morning the police came to some Tibetan houses and asked them not to mourn those Tibetans who died in earlier clashes, and not to post the Dalai Lama’s pictures. Then they had a clash with the police. Many people have been beaten up and arrested.”

The unrest around Tongkor monastery—unaffected by recent unrest in Tibetan areas until this week—began after Chinese authorities tried to launch a “patriotic education” campaign there aimed at quashing support for Tibetan demonstrations elsewhere.

But when they tried to enlist the head lama, Lobsang Jamyang, on April 2, he refused, an authoritative source said. He is said to have told the authorities: “We cannot criticize the Dalai Lama, but I will discourage any incidents of protest here.”

He also pledged to consult with the roughly 400 monks in his monastery, calling a meeting at which one monk, Yeshe Nyima, said: “We cannot criticize the Dalai Lama, even at the cost of our lives.” The other monks agreed, witnesses said.

When Lobsang Jamyang recounted this to the police officer in charge, he replied: “We can use the challenge. Tell anyone who wants to rise up to go ahead and rise up, and we will crush them.”

The police also searched the monastery, finding and destroying photos of the Dalai Lama and taking down photos of the monastery’s previous head lama, Tongkor Shabdrung, the witnesses said. Police then arrested a monk named Tsultrim Tenzin, 74, and a lay person identified as Tsultrim Phuntsok, 26, witnesses said.

The following day, some 350 monks and another 350 lay people gathered to demand the men’s release. Officials told them to leave for 25 minutes and calm themselves, and the men would be freed. But the crowd refused to disperse, and at 8 p.m. police opened fire on the crowd at Tongkor subdivision, witnesses said.

Tongkor falls under the administration of Kardze (Ganzi) county, a part of the Kardze Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture. Those reported killed in the shooting include three monks, Samten, 27, Lobsang Rinchen, in his 20s, and Zunde; a man named Phurbu Delek, 30; six women identified as Sangmo, 34, Tenlo, 32, Tsering Yangzom, Tseyang Kyi, 23, Druklo Tso, 34, and Tsering Lhamo; and a young boy. The other victims couldn’t immediately be identified. Two monks, Nyima and Thubten Gelek, were described as “seriously injured.”

Late last month, Xinhua reported that protesters in Kardze attacked police with knives and stones, killing one officer.

Stepped-up patriotic education has been ordered as part of a crackdown on dissent following deadly riots in the Tibetan capital, Lhasa, which began March 14. Authorities say 22 people died. Other reports say up to 140 people were killed in the protests and ensuing crackdown.

A duty officer at the Ganzi County Religious Affairs Bureau denied that any unrest had occurred. “No. Just lies. Who said that?” the official told RFA’s Cantonese service. Asked why monks would have left the monastery, the official replied: “Who said they left the temple? No. Everything is fine.”

Calls to county government offices and the county police station rang unanswered.

An official at the Ganzi Prefecture Public Security Bureau told RFA’s Mandarin service: “I haven’t heard about this.” But a Han Chinese resident said the unrest had been broadcast on television, saying: “It wasn’t a protest. It was beating, smashing, and looting, like bandits. They couldn’t have fired shots—from what I saw on television, the police were very restrained, talking to them, advising them.”

The shooting came after nearly three weeks of violence and unrest in Tibetan areas of China, in which scores of people are believed to have died and hundreds of people arrested. The Chinese government has effectively locked down Tibetan regions with a massive security presence.

– Original report from Radio Free Asia: Chinese Police Fire on Tibetan Protesters, Death Toll Unknown

Posted in China, ethnic, Human Rights, Incident, Killing, Life, News, People, Politics, Religious, Riot, Sichuan, Social, SW China, Tibetan, World | Comments Off on China Police Fire on Tibetan Protesters Again– in Sichuan Province, Death Toll Unknown

Tibet Monks Accuse China of Lying Over Protest to Foreign Reporters in a Stage-managed Tour

Posted by Author on March 28, 2008


By John Ruwitch, Reuters, Thu Mar 27, 2008-Tibetan monks

BEIJING (Reuters) – Tibetan monks stormed a news briefing at a temple in Lhasa on Thursday, accusing officials of lying about unrest and embarrassing Chinese authorities during a stage-managed tour by foreign reporters.

(photo from Reuters website)

Authorities say calm has been restored since an anti-Chinese uprising erupted in the Tibetan capital two weeks ago. China says its security forces acted with restraint and that 19 people died at the hands of Tibetan mobs during the unrest.

But the Tibetan government-in-exile says 140 died in Lhasa and elsewhere, most of them Tibetan victims of security forces, arousing international protest soon before the Beijing Olympics.

On Thursday young monks at the Jokhang Temple, one of the most sacred in Tibet, stormed into a briefing by a temple administrator for a select group of foreign journalists, the first allowed into Tibet since the uprising.

“About 30 young monks burst into the official briefing, shouting: ‘Don’t believe them. They are tricking you. They are telling lies’,” USA Today’s Beijing-based reporter Callum MacLeod said by telephone from Lhasa.

Hong Kong’s TVB aired television footage of the bold outburst in front of the foreign journalists, showing monks in crimson robes, some weeping, crowded around cameras.

They said they had been barred from leaving the temple since March 10, when demonstrations erupted on the 49th anniversary of an abortive uprising against Chinese rule that saw Tibet’s spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, flee into exile in India.

“They just don’t believe us. They think we will come out and cause havoc — smash, destroy, rob, burn. We didn’t do anything like that — they’re falsely accusing us,” said one monk. “We want freedom. The have detained lamas and ordinary people.”

Wang Che-nan, a cameraman for Taiwan’s ETTV, said the incident lasted about 15 minutes, after which police took the monks elsewhere in the temple, away from the journalists.

They told the journalists: “your time is up, time to go to the next place”, Wang said.

Reuters was not invited on the government-organised trip …… (more details from Reuters: Lhasa monks accuse China of lying over unrest)

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China Military And Tanks Open Fire to Protesters In Tibet, Many Deaths

Posted by Author on March 14, 2008


Radio Free Asia, 2008.03.14-

KATHMANDU—Chinese military vehicles patrolled the Tibetan capital, Lhasa, early Saturday after spreading anti-Chinese protests turned violent and an unknown number of people were killed and injured when Chinese forces fired on rioting crowds.

“The Chinese authorities deployed all military in the Lhasa area and sent tanks. There could be several hundred tanks and they were shooting into the crowds,” one witness told RFA’s Tibetan service. “They also fired several rounds of tear-gas.”

Other Tibetans reported seeing military vehicles but whether they were tanks or armored personnel carriers was unclear. Residents said Lhasa was under martial law, with protests erupting in other provinces, but officials couldn’t be reached for confirmation.

Witnesses reported seeing a number of dead bodies in and around Lhasa, but an exact toll was impossible to gather.

“We saw two dead at Ramoche temple, two in the garden, two at the Ganden printing house, and those Tibetans who went to take food to prisoners in Drapchi prison saw 26 Tibetans shot after they were brought in on a black vehicle,” one Tibetan witness said. “There could be about 80 dead, or more, but there is too much commotion here to give an exact number.”

Youths attacked police

“Several buildings owned by Chinese immigrants and Chinese Muslim immigrants were set on fire,” the witness said. “All those shops owned by Chinese were ransacked and burned. Tibetan shop owners were told to mark their shops with scarves.”

Another source said Ramoche monastery, which has about 110 resident monks, was badly damaged after Tibetans were found running in the area carrying photos of the Dalai Lama and shouting “Independence for Tibet.’”

Local police stopped them, but the crowd—including monks and youths—joined in and attacked police. “The local police didn’t dare take them on, and then the army was called in with tanks,” the source said.

The same source said four monks from Ganden monastery had set themselves on fire in protest……. (more details from Radio Free Asia)

Posted in Asia, China, ethnic, Incident, Lasa, Law, military, News, People, Politics, Protest, Riot, Social, SW China, Tibet, World, Xizang, Youth | 2 Comments »

Crackdown on activists and minorities in China

Posted by Author on March 14, 2008


Amnistía Internacional ,  13 Mar 2008-

The Chinese authorities have engaged in a number of troubling crackdowns on activists and minority groups in the past week.

Tibetan 

On Tuesday, eyewitnesses reported that Chinese police used teargas and electric prods to disperse 500 demonstrators in the Tibetan capital, Lhasa.

The demonstrators were seeking the release of fellow monks held after the previous day’s protests.

It was also reported that 11 protesters, including nine monks, were severely beaten and detained outside Tsuklakhang cathedral in central Lhasa on Monday. They had been demonstrating to mark the 49th anniversary of the Dalai Lama’s flight from Tibet after the failed rebellion against Chinese rule. Some 50 monks have also been detained across the capital.

Uighur

The authorities had previously targeted the Uighur population of the Xinjiang Uighur Autonomous Region (XUAR). They claimed on Sunday to have thwarted a “terrorist” plot to attack the Olympics, which they linked to alleged Uighur separatists.

This was based on a raid conducted on a so-called “terrorist gang” in the XUAR in January 2008 in which, according to official sources, Chinese police killed two members of the gang and arrested 15 others.

They provided no concrete evidence to support these assertions, and it is unclear why the authorities only disclosed the alleged plans for an attack on the Olympics three months later. These charges also contradict the original claim made the authorities that the “terrorist gang” in Xinjiang had been planning an incident on February 5, the Gulja Massacre, when the Chinese authorities brutally cracked down on peaceful demonstrators, with several hundred estimated to have been killed.

The authorities also claimed on Sunday to have thwarted a plot to crash a Chinese airplane flying from Urumqi, the capital of the XUAR, to Beijing.

The claims came just days after Amnesty International warned of an ongoing crackdown against human rights lawyers and other activists in Beijing linked to China’s hosting of the Olympic Games. The Chinese authorities’ references to “terrorism” and threats to state security, especially in the context of preparations for the Olympics, are seen as a justification for a broad crackdown not only on ethnic minorities critical of China’s rule, but human rights defenders as well.

“Intensified censorship and attacks and abductions of peaceful activists by suspected security officials in Beijing make a mockery of official promises to improve human rights in the run-up to the Olympics,” said Tim Parritt, Deputy Program Director of Amnesty International’s Asia-Pacific Program, on Friday.

Lawyers

Amnesty International revealed that Teng Biao – a lawyer, academic and human rights activist – went missing after eyewitnesses saw him being bundled into a vehicle just after he arrived home at around 8.30pm on Thursday, 6 March. While he has subsequently released, he was apparently warned not to speak to foreign journalists about his abduction.

In a separate case on Friday morning, human rights lawyer Li Heping’s car was rammed by a police car while he was driving his son to school in Beijing. He and his son were jolted by the crash, but are not thought to have suffered serious injuries. The police car had been following him from his home and apparently accelerated before the crash.

Li Heping recognized the three officers in the car as being from his police district. He said that the driver of the car ignored him when he confronted him about the crash and traffic police refused to take up the case when he reported the incident to them later in the day.

In September 2007, Li Heping was abducted by unidentified men, beaten with electro-shock batons and told he should leave Bejing or risk further attacks.

“The intensification of the targeting of two human rights lawyers suggests that the stranglehold on activists in Beijing is tightening in the run up to the Olympics,” said Tim Paritt.. The authorities must conduct a full, impartial investigation into the abduction of Teng Biao and the incident involving Li Heping.

Original report from Amnistía Internacional

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