Status of Chinese People

About China and Chinese people's living condition

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  • Books to Read

    1. A China More Just, Gao Zhisheng
    2.Officially Sanctioned Crime in China, He Qinglian
    3.
    Will the Boat Sink the Water? Chen Guidi, Wu Chuntao
    4.
    Losing the New China, Ethan Gutmann
    5.
    Nine Commentaries on The Communist Party, the Epochtimes
  • Did you know

    Reporters Without Borders said in it’s 2005 special report titled “Xinhua: the world’s biggest propaganda agency”, that “Xinhua remains the voice of the sole party”, “particularly during the SARS epidemic, Xinhua has for last few months been putting out news reports embarrassing to the government, but they are designed to fool the international community, since they are not published in Chinese.”
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Archive for the ‘history’ Category

Quotes: China’s Premier Wen Jiabao Reveals His Family Was Persecuted

Posted by Author on November 3, 2011


Wen Jiabao has spoken about how his family was persecuted under Mao. Here are the highlights from his speech.

“I was born into an intellectual family in Yixing, north Tianjin in 1942. My grandfather ran a school in the village. It was the first primary school to admit girls, against pressure from the local landlords. Many of the teachers were university graduates and some became professors after 1949”.

“My childhood was spent in war and hardship. The poverty, turmoil and famine left an indelible imprint on my young soul [ …] I realised only science, truth-seeking, democracy and hard work can save China.”

“I know well that the hardships did not just afflict my family, or the particular era I was born in, but that actually the history of China is a history of a nation in hardship.” Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in China, history, News, Official, People, Politics, Social, Wen Jiabao, World | Comments Off on Quotes: China’s Premier Wen Jiabao Reveals His Family Was Persecuted

Chinese Premier Reveals His Family Was Persecuted Under Mao’s Rule

Posted by Author on November 3, 2011


Wen Jiabao, the Chinese premier, has revealed how his family were “constantly persecuted” during the darkest years of Chairman Mao’s rule, in a speech that may be a warning to the hardline faction within the Communist party not to repeat the mistakes of history.

The speech, delivered in front of students at Mr Wen’s alma mater, the Nankai high school in Tianjin, recalled the paranoia and fear of life in China at the end of the 1950s as a deeply divided Communist party hunted down its opponents.

“I was born into an intellectual family in Yixing, north Tianjin in 1942. My grandfather ran a school in the village. It was the first primary school to admit girls, against pressure from the local landlords. Many of the teachers were university graduates and some became professors after 1949,” said Mr Wen, delving into his past for the first time publicly. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in China, East China, history, Life, News, Official, People, Politics, Social, Wen Jiabao, World | Comments Off on Chinese Premier Reveals His Family Was Persecuted Under Mao’s Rule

Chinese Insider Reveals Why the CCP Sent Troops During the Korean War

Posted by Author on February 11, 2011


By Qin Xin, Epoch Times Staff, Feb 11, 2011-

On Feb. 8, the two Koreas resumed discussions in Panmunjom, where stalemated peace talks ended the Korean War 60 years ago. Although time has long since cleared the smoke of the war, the vast majority of Chinese people are still deceived by the lies about the war invented by the Chinese Communists, as that is all that is written in Mainland China’s textbooks.

But after some casual chats about the Korean War with an elderly overseas Chinese some surprising inside information has come to light. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in Asia, China, history, military, News, Politics, World | 1 Comment »

Surviving Mao’s Great Famine

Posted by Author on February 7, 2011


By James Burke, Epoch Times Staff, Feb 6, 2011-

BANGKOK—In order to help him sleep at night, 10-year-old Jiang Nai Ke ate the plaster from the walls of his grandparent’s home to dull his hunger pains during the worst period of the Great Famine.

All around him during 1960 people began dying of starvation. By the time the famine came to a halt in 1962, half of the people in the village where he lived in Liaoning province, northern China, had perished.

“People did what they did to survive, they ate anything,” said Jiang now in his early 60s and living in Bangkok. “Some people even ate the dirt; they would grab the earth and eat it.”

Some even resorted to cannibalism.

Great Leap Forward Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in China, history, News, People, Politics, Social, World | Comments Off on Surviving Mao’s Great Famine

The Terrible Winter of 1968: A Memoir of China’s Cultural Revolution, Part I

Posted by Author on November 13, 2010


Yikui Liu, Via The Epochtimes, Nov. 12, 2010 –

Yikui Liu is a doctor of Chinese medicine now living in the United States. The story that follows is his personal experience, and that of his mother and father, of Chinese communism, from the Cultural Revolution to today. The account was prepared and edited as an exclusive memoir to be published in The Epoch Times. The names have been changed to protect family members still in China.

I grew up in communist China during the Great Cultural Revolution. Life for Chinese people was bitter when the state-initiated “class struggle” swept through our country like a wildfire of violence, lasting ten long years. Although the central figure of this story is my father, the things perpetrated upon him affected our entire family. For me, the eldest son, the suffering and stress is still ever-present in my mind—as intended by this regime that uses extreme brutality to make examples of people in order to spread fear and subjugate the masses.   Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in China, history, News, People, Politics, Social, World | Comments Off on The Terrible Winter of 1968: A Memoir of China’s Cultural Revolution, Part I

Teaching the Chinese about the Holocaust

Posted by Author on October 13, 2010


Rafael Medoff, via The Jewish Tribune, Tuesday, 12 October 2010 –

The problem for the Beijing government is that these Chinese heroes of the Holocaust were nationalists, not Communists like the current regime.

Twenty Chinese educators who took part in a Yad Vashem seminar in Jerusalem last week may be surprised to learn about the little-known role of several Chinese citizens in the rescue of Jews from the Nazis.

One of these little-known Chinese rescuers was Pan Jun-Shun, who moved to Russia in 1916 to find work. He was living in the city of Kharkov, in the Soviet Ukraine, when the Germans invaded the area in 1941. Pan saved a Jewish girl named Ludmilla Genrichovna from the Nazi roundups by hiding her in his home. Pan was the first Chinese citizen to be named one of the ‘Righteous Among the Nations’ by Yad Vashem. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in China, Genocide, history, Human Rights, Law, News, People, Social, World | Comments Off on Teaching the Chinese about the Holocaust

900-year-old drains save China city from deadly floods

Posted by Author on July 16, 2010


By Malcolm Moore in Shanghai, The Telegraph, UK, July 14, 2010 –

Torrential rain and flash floods have caused £1.9 billion of damage in China. Nearly forty people were killed this week alone in a series of landslides.

But the 100,000 residents of the ancient city of Ganzhou, in Jiangxi province, are safe and dry, thanks to two drains built during the Song dynasty (960-1279), which proved far more effective than modern sewer systems at coping with the downpour.

Two long tunnels, built using bricks from the city walls, cross the city and channel floodwater into two ponds that function as reservoirs. The designer of the system, Liu Yi, named the drains “Fu” or Fortune, and “Shou” or Longevity.

“The ancient residents of Ganzhou were very advanced in hydro-technology,” said Wang Ronghong, head of the city’s project management and maintenance office.

“They built 12 water gates at the mouth of the drain, which help block rising water during the rainy season. When the river level is lower than the gate, the water from the drainage system flows out, but if the water outside the city rises, the gates snap shut to prevent any of it coming in,” he explained.

The drainage system also uses the natural camber of the city to quickly channel water outwards. The original Song Dynasty system used hundreds of ponds across the city as reservoirs.

However, most of these have now been filled in by keen property developers, leaving only the old town’s ponds intact. As a consequence, the ancient city is the only one of Ganzhou’s 18 districts not to suffer from flooding.

The Telegraph

Posted in China, disaster, Flood, history, Jiangxi, News, Social, South China, Technology | Comments Off on 900-year-old drains save China city from deadly floods

When will China end the coverup of the fact of Korean War

Posted by Author on June 26, 2010


Editorials, Joongang Daily, South Korea, June 26, 2010 –

An article
in a Chinese state publication defined the Korean War as an invasion by North Korea. It is an incredible statement for a state news publication to have made.

In its feature on the 60th anniversary of the start of the 1950-53 Korean War, the International Herald Leader, a newsweekly of the Xinhua News Agency, said the North Korean army launched the war by crossing the 38th parallel and seizing South Korean capital Seoul in three days.

The article immediately drew attention, with some placing significance on China’s first admission of military aggression by North Korea at the start of the war.

However, the article was soon removed from the weekly’s Web site as well as the sites of Xinhua and other portals. It is suspected that the Beijing government had a hand in removing the pieces, fearing the repercussions from North Korea. But the fiasco leaves us feeling bitter, as our two states could form a constructive and mature partnership based on an accurate acknowledgement of historical events.

The Korean War is a sensitive issue for China. It played a major role in a war that still has the two Koreas locked in conflict. But the fact that the North invaded the South is an established fact based on solid evidence.

Confidential documents from the Soviet Union provide vivid accounts of Kim Il Sung’s ambitious plans for unification through military aggression. Some Chinese historians support the invasion theory, as highlighted by the two-day interview featured in the International Herald Leader article.

However uncomfortable they may be, historical facts must be recorded truthfully and should not be covered up or distorted by political or ideological interests……. (more details from Joongang Daily)

Posted in Asia, China, history, News, Politics, South Korea, World | Comments Off on When will China end the coverup of the fact of Korean War

China no longer to claim Korean War began when the U.S. invaded North Korea ?

Posted by Author on June 26, 2010


By Malcolm Moore in Shanghai, The Telegraph, UK, June 25, 2010 –

Until now
, the Chinese have staunchly supported their North Korean allies, along whose side they fought in the war.

China previously insisted that the war was waged out of American aggression. The official title of the conflict on the mainland is “The War to Resist America and Aid Korea”.

Chinese history textbooks state that the Korean War began when “the United States assembled a United Nations army of 15 countries and defiantly marched across the border and invaded North Korea, spreading the flames of war to our Yalu river.”

The official Chinese media stated for the first time that it was North Korea that dealt the first blow. In a special report, Xinhua’s International Affairs journal said: “On June 25, 1950, the North Korean army marched over 38th Parallel and started the attack. Three days later, Seoul fell.”

China and North Korea were “as close as lips and teeth,” said Mao Tse-tung.

The Korean War, which has never formally ended, has been largely forgotten in the West, despite the deaths of between two and three million people in the fighting.

In Asia, however, the memory of the war is still felt strongly and has sustained a continuing alliance and emotional bond between Beijing and Pyongyang.

While many Chinese historians privately subscribe to the view that North Korea was the aggressor in the war, driven by Kim Il-sung’s desire to unite the Korean peninsula under a Communist banner, the matter remains highly sensitive.

“It is not convenient for me to comment on the matter,” said Zhang Liangui, a leading professor of Korean studies at the Communist Central Party School in Beijing. “I was not aware of this timeline [in the Xinhua article]. As far as I am aware there has been no change to the official view on the war.”

Meanwhile, the Global Times, a government-run newspaper, said it was “high time to renew and strengthen efforts by Chinese scholars to discover the truth about the Korean War.”

In Seoul, South Korea held an official ceremony to remember the war and Lee Myung-bak, the president, paid tribute to the dead. “Sixty years ago, North Korea’s communists opened fire on a weekend’s dawn when all people were sleeping peacefully,” he said.

Meanwhile, across the border, North Korea put across its own view of the conflict. Under the headline: “US, Provoker of Korean War,” the country’s state news agency accused Washington of starting the war with a surprise attack.

“All the historical facts show that it is the US imperialists who unleashed the war in Korea and that the United States can never escape from the responsibility,” the Korean Central News Agency said.

The Telegraph

Posted in Asia, China, history, News, Politics, Propaganda, Social, South Korea, World | Comments Off on China no longer to claim Korean War began when the U.S. invaded North Korea ?

How some top Chinese military generals refused to lead tank troops to Tiananmen Square during the June 4 crackdown

Posted by Author on June 5, 2010


JOHN GARNAUT,  Sydney Morning Herald CORRESPONDENT, June 4, 2010 –

BEIJING:  In May 1989 the talented commander of the legendary 38th Army, Lieutenant General Xu Qinxian, defied an order from the paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping, to lead his troops to Beijing.

General Xu took no part in the subsequent killing of hundreds of protesters around Tiananmen Square, which is now quietly referred to in China simply as ”June 4” and remains the worst incident of direct military violence against Chinese people in the People’s Republic’s 60-year history. The bloodshed split the People’s Liberation Army as it did the Communist Party and the country. ”The case of General Xu is representative of the dissenting voice within the military,” said Warren Sun, an authority at Monash University on the Communist Party’s internal history . ”Deng held a real fear of a possible military coup,” he said.

The killings around Tiananmen continue to taint the legacies of the party elders who ordered them, led by Deng, and it weighs on the generation of mainly conservative leaders whose careers advanced because their more moderate colleagues were purged or sidelined at the time.

Those internal wounds are still raw, as demonstrated by the effort that the party and PLA have exerted to ensure today’s 21st anniversary will pass without any public mention within China.

But acts of courageous defiance are kept alive by military and party veterans in private conversations and overseas Chinese language publications, in the belief or hope that those who refused to spill blood in 1989 will one day be acknowledged as heroes.

Around May 20, 1989, General Zhou Yibing, commander of the Beijing Military District, had couriered the marching orders to General Xu’s barracks in Baoding, south of Beijing. ”When he was ordered to march into the square, Xu asked a series of questions,” said a serving general in the People’s Liberation Army, answering queries from the Herald which were relayed via a close associate.

”He asked if there was an order from … Zhao Ziyang,” said the serving PLA general, referring to the Communist Party boss who had already been sidelined because of his opposition to the use of force. The answer was no and ”Xu then refused to march.”

General Xu is the best known conscientious objector but not the only one.

On some accounts, General Xu’s mentor, Qin Jiwei, who was then defence minister and a member of the politburo, attempted to forge an alliance with Zhao to oppose martial law. Zhao was purged and spent the rest of his life under house arrest.

“He was ordered to implement martial law [after a meeting at Deng’s home on May 17] but he refused, saying he needed party authority,” said a prominent scholar, whose father had served under Qin. “Qin called Zhao’s office and waited for four hours until 2.30 in the morning to receive Zhao’s return phone call overruling Deng Xiaoping … but the call never came.”

There has been no public corroboration of this account by Zhao or those close to him.

The serving PLA general who responded to the Herald’s questions about General Xu also pointed to the case of He Yanran, commander of the 28th Army.

”[General] He was also court-martialled because his armoured personnel carriers and trucks were burned down by angry onlookers and he refused to disperse them,” said the serving general, through the mutual acquaintance.

General Xu was jailed for five years and is believed to be living a quiet life in occasional contact with reform-minded friends. General Qin later maintained a strong public show of support for the crackdown but was nevertheless deprived of his former power until his death in 1997. General He was demoted.

Sydney Morning Herald

Posted in Beijing, China, Communist Party, history, June 4, military, News, Official, People, Politics, Social, Special day, Tiananmen, World | Comments Off on How some top Chinese military generals refused to lead tank troops to Tiananmen Square during the June 4 crackdown

Shocking Documentary (must watch): Buried– Earth Quake, From 1976 Tangshan to 2008 Sichuan Wenchuan in China (video)

Posted by Author on May 16, 2010


Buried, a Documentary (With English and Chinese caption) produced by Wang Libo, won the prize in Chinese Documentary Exchange Week in 2009.

Director’s Statement: The 1976 Tangshan Earthquake left a lot of open questions. Before the earthquake, seismological personnel in Tangshan and quake experts in Beijing had already warned of an imminent quake. But in the end, more than 240,000 people had to pay with their lives, causing a shocking tragedy of massive proportions. Why did this happen? In the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake about 100,000 people were killed. Faced with terrible quakes, the human race repeats tragedy time and time again. It is terrible that people can only offer money and bland tears after the disaster – when better preparation could have saved lives. A nation has to courageously face its own weakness to remain hopeful.

The film has been cut into 11 videos and posted on Youtube which you can find from following link:

http://www.youtube.com/user/syd1039#p/u/12/ssnaL35-CL0

Video 1: (With English and Chinese caption)

All 11 pieces of the video can be found from:

http://www.youtube.com/user/syd1039#p/u/12/ssnaL35-CL0

Posted in China, Commentary, disaster, earthquake, history, News, People, Politics, Science, Social, TV / film, Video, World | 4 Comments »

The High-Tech Persecution of Falun Gong in China (1)

Posted by Author on February 24, 2010


Global Internet Freedom Consortium

The Chinese Communist Party has played a major role in a series of widespread and systematic attacks waged against civilian populations in China that have included the landlords, intellectuals, the pro-democracy advocates, and more recently, the members of the religion of Falun Gong.[1]

In the 1950s, Party operatives paraded members of the landlord class before the Chinese people, publicly criticized and insulted them, and beat and executed at least 2 million people in one campaign.

In 1957, the Party characterized the intellectual class as a “right wing” threat to state security and sent them to labor camps where they were tortured and/or killed.

Again, during the well-known Cultural Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, the persecution was so bad that many members of the targeted groups committed suicide to avoid the torture and execution they would otherwise face.

In June of 1989, the Chinese army opened fire on the streets of Beijing, killing hundreds of students and civilians, while others were rounded up
later and sent to labor camps and prisons where they were subjected to forced labor, torture, and, in some cases, execution.

The tactics deployed in these campaigns are similar to those used in Nazi Germany during the Second World War, and in Rwanda during the genocide of the Tutsi tribe by the Hutu. In all of these violent assaults and massacres, the targets were demonized as threats to state security and stability, the goal was the elimination of the group or its beliefs, the mechanisms are arrest, detention, torture and execution, and the justification is social order and state security. The phrase used in China to describe the process is the Chinese term douzheng [斗争], loosely translated as “persecution.”

In the latter part of the 20th and early part of the 21st century, the Chinese Communist Party dramatically expanded its ability to persecute dissident groups through its construction and operation of its infamous Golden Shield project, a system of advanced Internet, surveillance and networking technology that is used to carry out the traditional purposes of the Chinese police state in a new, high-tech, and far more effective manner. It is “the world’s biggest cyber police force and the largest and most advanced Internet control system.”[2]

The announced goal of the project was to “build a nationwide digital surveillance network, linking national, regional, and local security agencies with a panoptic web of surveillance,” and it was envisioned as a “database-driven remote surveillance system – offering immediate access to registration records on every citizen in China, while linking to a vast network of cameras designed to cut police reaction time to demonstrations.”[3]…… (to be cont’d)

From Global Internet Freedom Consortium

Posted in China, Falun Gong, Freedom of Information, Freedom of Speech, history, Human Rights, Internet, News, Politics, Religious, Social, Technology, World | 1 Comment »

What Has NOT Changed in China?

Posted by Author on October 13, 2009


Professor Li Dong, The Epochtimes, Oct 12, 2009-

Exactly 60 years ago, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) came to power after a bloody civil war and established the “People’s Republic” of China.

The CCP was able to win the civil war because most Chinese people were disappointed with the legitimate Guomindang government, a corrupt and undemocratic regime, and the CCP made wonderful promises.

Two of them were especially appealing: The first is the promise of land reform, made to the peasantry who made up more than 80% of the population. The second is the promise of democracy, made particularly to the better educated urban people.

What happened to both of these promises?

Land Reform and Famine

Immediately after the CCP gained control of the mainland, it introduced a nation-wide land reform. This was a violent campaign which killed millions of country gentry and annihilated the entire landowning class. Anyway, peasants got their land, right? Wrong. Hardly had the land reform been concluded, when the CCP launched its Soviet-styled agricultural collectivization drive.

Peasants were forced to give up their newly-acquired land to agricultural co-operatives and people’s communes, and thus began their 30-year socialist ordeal; during 1959-1962 at least 36 million peasants died of starvation in a nation-wide famine. This worst famine in human history was caused entirely by Mao Zedong’s lunatic economic adventurism called the Great Leap Forward. It is therefore quite legitimate to contend that the promise of “Land to the tiller” was a big lie and the CCP had betrayed Chinese peasantry.

Then, what of the promise of democracy?

Promise of Democracy a Lie

A study of China’s history after 1949 shows it was another big lie, with the CCP betraying the Chinese people, who had believed and backed the Party in its drawn-out bid for power. It was interesting to note that when the Government of the People’s Republic of China was first formed in 1949, it did include some nominal figureheads who were not CCP members.

Three out of the country’s six vice premiers were non-CCP members. All were middle-of-roaders and fellow travelers. But each of them vanished without fanfare, until 1956 when every vice premier was CCP members; even nominal figureheads were no longer tolerated.

Today a superficial scan of China’s governance arrangements would show that China has what we call the super structure of a modern state – it has a legislature, an executive branch and even a judiciary system, similar to the United States.

Let us, however, look a little more closely at each of these……. (more details from The Epochtimes)

Posted in Asia, China, history, News, Politics, World | Comments Off on What Has NOT Changed in China?

Lest we forget, China’s party killed millions

Posted by Author on October 6, 2009


David Burchell, via The Australian, Australia, October 05, 2009 –

YOU can learn a lot about a country’s political culture by the way it celebrates. In the present mood of mingled discretion and convenience that governs our interactions with China, the Western media chose to avert its eyes from the lifeless spectacle of China’s official 60th birthday celebrations.

But if you have a taste for such things, you can view the entire proceedings – from the first rocket-launcher to the very last – in seemingly endless instalments provided by China’s semi-official netizens on YouTube. It’s all there: the familiar balletic processions of white-gloved, goose-stepping soldiery; the unearthly martial music trapped in a perpetual loop; the studiously vacant expressions of the party functionaries and, to indicate the presence of The People, a few dozen cheerfully waving patriotic citizens, hemmed in beside the otherwise empty, echoing expanses of Tiananmen Square.

The whole frigid, airless spectacle of political onanism, in short. The sound of the Chinese Communist Party’s one hand clapping. Preserved for our benefit by an invisible army of television cameras, secreted across the most surveilled 50ha of real estate in the world.

Imagining ourselves to be polite, we Westerners avert our eyes from it all. Yet this peculiar, tasteless spectacle of official China locked in joyless self-communion suits us fine. For in truth we’re no more inclined to be confronted with China’s dirty historical laundry than is the Chinese Communist Party itself.

We’re co-dependents, as the psychoanalysts might say. We belong on the same couch.

Those few dozen official representatives of The People, with their unspontaneous applause, suit us well enough too. Once upon a time we told ourselves that the ugly birth pangs of liberal capitalism were endurable because they forced into the world the humanising ceremonies of liberal democracy. Now, in the fag-end of the Western moment, we’ve become bored by liberal democracy, even while we remain captivated by Chinese-built widescreen TVs. And so the official Chinese insistence that liberalism and democracy are simply un-Chinese – and that the citizenry really prefers things this way – works for us too.

Outside Tiananmen Square, though, the alleys and passageways of unofficial China have some weightier historical freight to deal with this year. For if the Chinese Communist Party deserved only a single entry in the testimony of history, it would be this: starting in the northern spring of 1959, China’s leadership wilfully enabled the deaths of about 36 million of its citizens, and then watched as they suffered, expired and even consumed each other’s flesh. Neither Stalin nor Hitler, nor any of the other protagonists in either of the 20th century’s world wars, could match this scale of political and humanitarian nihilism. What a grand mosaic that would have made for the October 1 parade.

Yang Jisheng is a Communist Party veteran who spent half of his almost 70 years as a journalist for the official Xinhua news agency. Nowadays he is deputy editor of the dissident journal Chronicles of History (Yanhuang Chunqiu), a shoe-string affair run by a group of retired party cadres out of a small second-storey flat down the road from the Xinhua offices. It sells a few thousand copies, mostly to like-minded party veterans whose sense of conscience has been gradually aroused by living through what Yang calls three generations of lies.

We all have moments of epiphany, little sunbeams of insight, when our small purpose in life’s great medley becomes just a little clearer. Yang has had the benefit of two such glimpses. One came in June 1989, when he realised that China’s momentum towards democracy had been halted for a generation. His response was to record a series of clandestine interviews with exiled premier Zhao Ziyang that will some day enter China’s legitimate historical record.

The other came during Yang’s travels as a newsman. It was here that he discovered, from a Red Guard document, that hundreds of thousands had died from starvation in the province where he grew up, as a result of Mao Zedong’s forced industrialisation and collectivisation policies. This discovery aroused the memory – related in agonised detail in Yang’s recent Hong Kong-published book – of his father’s death in China’s great famine. He recalls his father “propped up in bed, his sunken eyes lifeless. His face, with all flesh gone, was slack, with thick wrinkles.” His hand was “skinny as a bag of bones”.

There have been Western accounts of China’s 1959-61 famine, but Yang’s Tombstone: A Record of the Great Chinese Famine is the first extensive study, fortified by a hundred interviews and thousands of official records, obtained through his privileges as a journalist. In consequence he has become acquainted with the persuasive powers of Chinese state security and with the not-so-subtle threats of that army of goons to whom state security nowadays outsources many of its coercive functions. But he is not troubled: the book, he says, is meant as a tombstone for his father, for the 36 million who died, and “for the system that lead to the great famine”.

The ommunist Party and its Western apologists acknowledge that there was a severe famine in China between 1959 and 1961, and that millions died in it. But they insist this was merely a natural disaster, much as Soviet apologists long sought to characterise Stalin’s terror-famine of the 30s. Yang has confirmed what Western experts long surmised: that Mao and the party hatched the famine as a tool of state policy, to coerce hundreds of millions out of traditional agriculture and into industry and collective farms. There was a shortage of food, true enough, but more lethal by far was the refusal to distribute it. In the reckoning of the party, the human individuum was simply a tool of economic advance, without moral value in its own right. One finger chopped off still leaves nine, as Mao said at the time.

From these awful revelations come two conclusions. First: that the Chinese Communist Party, now engaged in its ballet of self-celebration and self-delusion, is arguably the greatest violator of human rights in the history of the planet. (Even today, almost every one of the world’s most inhumane states – from North Korea to Sudan to Zimbabwe – is a Chinese client.) Second: that when the era of the party’s monopoly over China’s public life comes to an end – as it will before too long – its undertakers will come, like Yang, from within its own ranks. China has had its Solzhenitsyn, you might say. It still awaits its Gorbachev.

The Australian

Posted in China, Communist Party, history, Human Rights, Killing, Life, News, Politics, Social, World | Comments Off on Lest we forget, China’s party killed millions

New Book: “Egg On Mao’s Face”: true epic of a dissident who defaced the Chinese leader’s portrait in Tiananmen Square

Posted by Author on October 4, 2009


By Paul Gessell, The Ottawa Citizen, Canada, Oct. 4, 2009-

Egg on Mao
By Denise Chong
Random House Canada, $32.95

Ottawa author Denise Chong tried to look inconspicuous as she stood at the pre-arranged rendezvous point on a busy street in the Chinese city of Liuyang.

Before arriving, Chong had used a map to memorize the layout of the city and the locations of her clandestine destinations. She did not want to arouse suspicion or provoke queries from helpful strangers by looking lost or in search of something forbidden to foreigners.

Chong is of Chinese ancestry, lived in Beijing for a few years and has travelled to the country frequently, so she has learned how to blend in as much as possible. In her younger days, her glamorous, western-style hairdo and clothes would have instantly betrayed her as a foreigner gliding through a sea of dull Mao suits and stern haircuts.

These days, Chong jokes, she runs the risk of being the dowdy one, the only woman in China, it seems, without a dyed orange streak in her hair.

Amid the traffic of Liuyang, Chong pulled out a faded pink baseball cap and put it on her head. That was the signal. A stranger approached. The two walked towards the Liuyang River. The secrets of Liuyang were about to be revealed.

Those secrets can be found in the newly published book, Egg on Mao: The Story of An Ordinary Man Who Defaced An Icon And Unmasked A Dictatorship. This is Chong’s astounding story of Lu Decheng, a young bus mechanic from Liuyang imprisoned for nine years after he and two friends threw 30 paint-filled eggs on the giant portrait of Mao Tse-tung (often spelled Zedong) permanently displayed in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square.

The incident happened just after 2 p.m. on May 23, 1989, amid the pro-democracy student protests that ended so brutally when tanks bulldozed their way into the crowds, killing hundreds, if not thousands.

Chong’s book opens with the egg-throwing. The three men are quickly betrayed by the student demonstrators, turned over to the police and sentenced to long years in prison.

Interspersed with these events are alternating chapters on Decheng’s childhood and youth, showing how he came to despise Mao and the communist regime.

This was a regime that disciplined Decheng, while a young schoolboy, for failing to cry at a memorial for Mao, shortly after the death of the communist leader. (This transgression came back to haunt Decheng, the adult, when the authorities were investigating his egg-throwing.)

This was also a regime that tried to prevent Decheng and his girlfriend, Qiuping, both 17 at the time, from living together or getting married. And then when Qiuping became pregnant, the authorities tried to force her to have an abortion because she lacked a birth permit.

This was also a regime that tried to exploit the great love between Decheng, the prisoner, and Qiuping, the dutiful wife, for political purposes. In the end, the regime crushed that love.

By the time Decheng was released from jail, he and Qiuping were divorced. He soon remarried and later fled to Burma, then Thailand and, in 2006, he came to Canada.

Now, in poor health, he lives in Calgary with his second wife and their two sons. Decheng’s daughter from his first marriage has also come to Canada.

The other two egg-throwers served even longer prison sentences than Decheng. They have both recently left China to settle in Indiana. The three men have considerable star power within the West’s Chinese pro-democracy movement……. (more details from The Ottawa Citizen)

Posted in China, Dissident, history, Human Rights, News, People, Politics, Speech, World, writer | Comments Off on New Book: “Egg On Mao’s Face”: true epic of a dissident who defaced the Chinese leader’s portrait in Tiananmen Square

In China, the Red Flags Still Fly for Mao …

Posted by Author on October 3, 2009


By KANG ZHENGGUO, via New York Times, October 3, 2009 –

ON Oct. 1, 1959, I took part in a parade for the 10th anniversary of the Communist revolution that led to the founding of the People’s Republic of China. I was a middle-school student in the central city of Xian, and my classmates and I gathered at school before dawn. We marched into the city’s main square, where senior party leaders would review the parade.

As members of the Young Pioneers, a Communist youth organization, we were all in uniform — we boys in crisp white shirts tucked into navy slacks and the girls in white shirts and blue pleated skirts that swayed in the brisk morning breeze. Each of us had a red scarf neatly tied around the neck. We were like meticulously arranged flowers, waiting for inspection.

The senior party leaders showed up late, as usual. By the time they delivered their slogan-filled speeches and initiated the flag-raising ceremony, we had already been standing like statues for several hours, our feet planted to the ground. Nobody was allowed to make a noise or leave the group, even though I badly needed to answer the call of nature. Instead, I raised my arms repeatedly and joined the crowd in shouting: “Long live the Chinese Communist Party! Long live Chairman Mao!”

Standing next to me was a student who seemed to share my anxiety. She was pretty, with closely cropped hair. Her eyes darted around impatiently. We waved our arms, chanting slogans like everyone else.

Suddenly, I saw a trail of tears rolling down her cheeks. I first thought she had been caught up in the revolutionary euphoria, but then I noticed that she seemed to be embarrassed by something. She kept adjusting her skirt with her hands. I looked closer and saw that she had wet herself. I untied my red scarf and tucked it into her hands.

Our political instructor used to tell us that the red color of our national flag symbolized the blood shed by Communists who had sacrificed their lives for the country. We were told to treat our scarves like parts of the flag. So as I quietly tossed away my stained scarf at the end of the ceremony, a vague sense of fear flashed through my mind. Read the rest of this entry »

Posted in China, history, News, People, Politics, Social, World | Comments Off on In China, the Red Flags Still Fly for Mao …

(video) China Review: 60 Years of Killing

Posted by Author on September 30, 2009


This is the seventh of Nine Commentaries on the Communist Party, Video by NTDTV via GoogleVideo –

Foreword

The 55-year history of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) is written with blood and lies. The stories behind this bloody history are both extremely tragic and rarely known. Under the rule of the CCP, 60 to 80 million innocent Chinese people have been killed, leaving their broken families behind. Many people wonder why the CCP kills. While the CCP continues its brutal persecution of Falun Gong practitioners and recently suppressed protesting crowds in Hanyuan with gunshots, people wonder whether they will ever see the day when the CCP will learn to speak with words rather than guns.

Mao Zedong summarized the purpose of the Cultural Revolution, “…after the chaos the world reaches peace, but in 7 or 8 years, the chaos needs to happen again.” [1] In other words, there should be a political revolution every 7 or 8 years and a crowd of people needs to be killed every 7 or 8 years.

A supporting ideology and practical requirements lie behind the CCP’s slaughters.

Ideologically, the CCP believes in the “dictatorship of the proletariat” and “continuous revolution under the dictatorship of the proletariat.” Therefore, after the CCP took over China, it killed the landowners to resolve problems with production relationships in rural areas. It killed the capitalists to reach the goal of commercial and industrial reform and solve the production relationships in the cities. After these two classes were eliminated, the problems related to the economic base were basically solved. Similarly, solving the problems related to the superstructure [2] also called for slaughter. The suppressions of the Hu Feng Anti-Party Group [3] and the Anti-Rightists Movement eliminated the intellectuals. Killing the Christians, Taoists, Buddhists and popular folk groups solved the problem of religions. Mass murders during the Cultural Revolution established, culturally and politically, the CCP’s absolute leadership. The Tiananmen Square massacre was used to prevent political crisis and squelch democratic demands. The persecution of Falun Gong is meant to resolve the issues of belief and traditional healing. These actions were all necessary for the CCP to strengthen its power and maintain its rule in the face of continual financial crisis (prices for consumer goods skyrocketed after the CCP took power and China’s economy almost collapsed after the Cultural Revolution), political crisis (some people not following the Party’s orders or some others wanting to share political rights with the Party) and crisis of belief (the disintegration of the former Soviet Union, political changes in Eastern Europe, and the Falun Gong issue). Except for the Falun Gong issue, almost all the foregoing political movements were utilized to revive the evil specter of the CCP and incite its desire for revolution. The CCP also used these political movements to test CCP members, eliminating those who did not meet the Party’s requirements……. (more details)

Posted in China, Communist Party, history, Killing, News, Politics, Social, Special day, Video, World | Comments Off on (video) China Review: 60 Years of Killing

China’s ‘Great Famine’: Fifty Years of Silence

Posted by Author on September 21, 2009


By Charlotte Cuthbertson, Epoch Times Staff, Sep 20, 2009 –

Fifty years after China’s Great Leap Forward, reporting on the issue by domestic media is still forbidden, according to a recent report in Hong Kong’s Ming Pao Daily News.

The 1959 Great Leap Forward saw a string of unrealistic policies like “achieving a grain production of 75,000 kg per hectare,” “doubling steel production,” and “surpassing Britain in 10 years and the U.S. in 15 years.” Current U.S. yields for corn hover at around 4,000kg per hectare.

The campaign required everyone in China to become involved in steel-making, forcing farmers to leave their crops.

These policies resulted in a nationwide famine that cost more than 40 million lives, and was explained officially as a “Three-Year Natural Disaster.”

News was blocked after the disaster, according to Ming Pao’s report. Militias were on guard day and night to restrict people from going out begging for food and reporting to higher authorities.

Results of surveys of Chinese in the Xinyang area showed that the majority of the local farmers had forgotten about the incident, according to Ming Pao. Most villages are now decimated due to urban migration.

Mr. Jiang, from Xie County, Shanxi Province, who now teaches in the city, described the misery during the Great Famine: “Many small villages were wiped out where the farmers’ whole family starved to death,” he said. “People ate anything. There were deaths in every family. Dead bodies were everywhere. Finally, people started eating humans, including living ones and relatives.”

When the peasants were so hungry as to snatch cereals from the grain depots, the Communist Party ordered shooting at the crowd to suppress the looting and labeled those killed as “counter-revolutionary elements.” A great number of peasants were starved to death in many provinces including Gansu, Shandong, Henan, Anhui, Hubei, Hunan, Sichuan and Guangxi.

Still, the hungry peasants were forced to take part in irrigation work, dam construction, and steel-making. Many dropped to the ground while working and never got up again. At the end, those who survived had no strength to bury the dead. Many villages died out completely as families starved to death one after another.

In central China’s Xinyang Area, Henan Province, there were over one million deaths during a three-month period. The Xinyang incident remains a sensitive topic, and media coverage is banned in China.

Though the Great Famine seems to have left no trace in Xinyang, local farmers say they still unearth human bones.

The Epochtimes

Posted in China, history, News, Social, World | 1 Comment »

Calls for parliamentary democracy in China

Posted by Author on May 23, 2009


Mark Colvin, ABC News, Austrilia, 22 May , 2009-

MARK COLVIN: Exactly 20 years ago, Beijing’s central space, Tien An Men Square was still full of protesting students.

On the 19th May, the Communist Party General Secretary Zhao Ziyang had come to the square to plead with them to end their hunger strike.

The next day, military law was declared. On June the 4th the troops went in and what the West remembers as the Tien An Men massacre began.

By then, Zhao Ziyang, the only member of the ruling elite to talk to the students face to face, was under house arrest and had become a non-person.

This is how he remembers what the Chinese authorities prefer to call the June the 4th incident.

ZHAO ZIYANG (translated): On the night of June the 3rd while sitting in the courtyard with my family I heard intense gunfire. A tragedy to shock the world had not been averted and was happening after all.

I prepared the above-written material three years after the June the fourth tragedy. Many years have now passed since this tragedy. Of the activists involved in this incident, except for the few who escaped abroad, most were arrested, sentenced and repeatedly interrogated.

MARK COLVIN: The world was never meant to hear Zhao Ziyang’s voice again. But now, four years after his death comes the publication of his memoirs.

They were compiled from 30 cassette tapes, smuggled out of the country and now published as ‘Prisoner of the State: The Secret Journal of Zhao Ziyang’.

Its publisher and co-translator is Bao Pu, son of a senior aide to Zhao.

He told me on the line from Hong Kong that Zhao Ziyang knew when he spoke to the students in the Square that his career was already over.

BAO PU: When he came out to talk to them he was already disposed from his position and knowing that after trying to prevent the final showdown of violence; and he actually failed to prevent that happening and that was you know his final moment appearing in public.

MARK COLVIN: And the reason why that was his final moment was because he had made the mistake of actually leaving the country in a crisis and that left his enemies in charge.

BAO PU: In this particular memoir he mentions many of his regrets and mistakes. Leaving the country at that moment is not one of them. At the moment that he left there was no reason for him, no obvious reason that he shouldn’t.

MARK COLVIN
: But if he’d stayed, wouldn’t he have been able to keep the ear of Dung Xiaoping? Wouldn’t he have been able to have controlled things better?

BAO PU: Yes it’s possible but you have to say that it’s only speculation – maybe better – and we can’t be sure because history cannot be undone and repeat itself.

MARK COLVIN: So what were the forces ranged against him?

BAO PU: Tien An Men incidents to the Chinese leaders were merely a continuation of their struggle, their debate over economic reform. The new insight on this Tien An Men incident is that as soon as the student protest began, the Chinese leaders were already lined up on two sides.

On one side the favour harsh treatment, on the other are against the harsher treatment.

MARK COLVIN: In the background of all this was the fact that Zhao Ziyang didn’t just want economic reform he wanted political reform. Let’s just have a listen to what he says in the memoir about that.

ZHAO ZIYANG
(translated): Of course it is possible that in the future a more advanced political system than the parliamentary democracy will emerge, but that is a matter for the future. At present, there is no other.

Based on this we can say that if a country wishes to modernise, not only should it implement a market economy, it must also adopt a parliamentary democracy as its political system……. (More  details from ABC News)

Posted in Beijing, books, China, Communist Party, history, June 4, military, News, People, politician, Politics, Social, Special day, World | Comments Off on Calls for parliamentary democracy in China

Secret Tiananmen Square memoirs of China’s Former Party General Secretary Zhao Ziyang, to be published

Posted by Author on May 15, 2009


Jane Macartney in Beijing , The Times, UK, May 15, 2009-

As Chinese students marched to demand democracy and an end to corruption, party elders were summoned to the home of the country’s paramount leader, Deng Xiaoping.

The wizened veteran listened to moderates, including the general secretary of the Communist Party, Zhao Ziyang, urging dialogue with the students, whose protests were seen as the greatest threat to date for the party.

Then, without even calling a vote of the most powerful body in China, the Politburo Standing Committee gathered there, Deng summarily imposed martial law. The army was called in and the student protests would be brutally crushed by tanks and troops in Tiananmen Square.

Now, on the 20th anniversary of the bloody suppression of the protesters, Zhao’s memoirs — painstakingly reconstructed from hours of tape recordings smuggled out by supporters — provide a unique glimpse of the deep divisions within the Chinese leadership. The first memoirs made public by such a highly placed party official will enrage today’s leaders because of his assertion that Western-style democracy is essential if China is to avoid future bloodbaths.

The record made by Zhao — who resigned, was purged and held under house arrest for almost 16 years — is to be published this month as Prisoner of the State: the Secret Journal of Zhao Ziyang. So sensitive is the document that its existence was kept a closely guarded secret until days before publication.

Speculation had been rife during his house arrest and after his death in 2005 as to whether the man with the most intimate knowledge of the behind-the-scenes machinations that led to the Tiananmen Square crackdown on June 3-4, 1989, had provided his own account of the dramatic days.

In the book, Zhao describes the secret meeting of the Politburo Standing Committee. “At that moment I was extremely upset. I told myself that no matter what, I refused to become the General Secretary who mobilised the military to crack down on the students,” he wrote. “On the night of June 3rd I heard intense gunfire. A tragedy to shock the world had not been averted.”

Troops backed by tanks entered Beijing to end weeks of student demonstrations. Zhao’s account confirms the bitter power struggle behind the scenes as the students occupied Tiananmen Square, and the deep rivalries between reformists and hardliners, as well as the crucial role played by Deng in the decision to use force.

The memoirs project was so secret that Zhao’s top aide, Bao Tong, who was jailed for seven years after the protests, told The Times that he learnt of their existence only after Zhao’s death. “I knew he wanted to write something. I knew he would want to leave some record of his work but it was extremely difficult because he was under constant surveillance,” he said. Mr Bao said that there was no doubt about the authenticity of the memoirs. “This is an extremely valuable document for China and for the West,” he said. Zhao left the memoirs on 30 one-hour tapes that he recorded in about 2000. Mr Bao said that it had been impossible for the disgraced party chief to make the recordings before 1999, but after that he had found a way to bypass those watching and listening to him.

The recordings include conversations in which he answers questions as well as sections that are apparently dictated from a now-vanished text. The tapes took Zhao about two years to make and he then found a way to pass them clandestinely to trusted friends. The materials were gathered together after his death, but much of the process remains a secret to protect those involved.

Mr Bao said that to protect Zhao’s family, they had been unaware of the memoirs. “If the authorities want to pursue someone for political or legal responsibility for these memoirs then I will bear everything,” he said.

The memoirs were translated and edited by Mr Bao’s son and daughter-in-law, Bao Pu and Renee Chiang, and the US journalist Adi Ignatius. He told The Times: “Zhao did this all secretly but he knew what he was doing: getting the final word on what really happened 20 years ago.”

Times Online

Posted in Beijing, China, history, Human Rights, Incident, Killing, News, People, politician, Politics, Social, Tiananmen, World | Comments Off on Secret Tiananmen Square memoirs of China’s Former Party General Secretary Zhao Ziyang, to be published

Canadian Minister supports building memorial to Victims of Communism in Ottawa

Posted by Author on December 15, 2008


eesti.ca, 12 Dec 2008 –

Tribute to Liberty, a recently established Canadian organization, whose first project is to have a permanent memorial built in Ottawa commemorating the Victims of the Crimes of Communism, held a pre-Christmas event for representatives of Canada’s ethno-cultural communities on Wednesday, December 10th, at the Faculty Club, University of Toronto. In attendance were members and friends of the Latvian, Lithuanian, Polish, Czech, Armenian, Cuban, North Korean, Chinese, Ughur, Tibetan, Mennonite, Muslim and Estonian communities, including Honorary Consul Laas Leivat.

Canada’s Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism the Hon. Jason Kenney sent greetings offering his support and the support of the Government of Canada to this project.

Minister Kenney first brought Canadian government support for Tribute to Liberty into the public forum in his remarks on November 28th at the International Forum: My People Will Live Forever in Kyiv, Ukraine commemorating the 75th anniversary of Holodomor. In Kiev, Mr. Kenney spoke about why the Canadian Parliament and Government established a Ukrainian Famine and Genocide Memorial Day earlier this year. In his remarks he quoted Prime Minister Stephen Harper as follows: “remembering those who died, and why they died, is our best hope against history repeating itself.”

Mr. Kenney went on to say:

“This also explains our Government’s decision to cooperate in the creation of a Canadian monument to the victims of communism, to be established in our nation’s capital, Ottawa. It will stand as a lasting place of sacred memory to the millions whose lives were taken by a brutal, utopian ideology during Holodomor, and throughout what Pope John Paul II called “the Century of Tears.”

The Tribute to Liberty Board will be establishing a Community Advisory Council early in the New Year, to raise awareness about the project and begin a broad fundraising initiative. Reet Marten Sehr, member of the Canadian Estonian community, is a Board member of Tribute to Liberty.

Here are Minster Kenney’s remarks as sent to Tribute to Liberty:

December 9, 2008

Greetings from the Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism

Although I cannot be with you, I would like to extend my warmest greetings to those attending the Tribute to Liberty Christmas Party. On behalf of Prime Minister Stephen Harper, I would also like to take this opportunity to thank the members of Tribute to Liberty for spreading awareness about the many great historical injustices perpetrated by Communist regimes.

I was proud to be a member of the parliament that unanimously voted to recognize November 22nd as Ukrainian Famine and Genocide Memorial Day. Recognizing the Holodomor, and other such atrocities, as acts of genocide, expresses the fundamental values of democracy, freedom and the rule of law that all Canadians embrace. By increasing awareness of historical injustices and atrocities, we are able to help ensure that they will not be repeated. I hope that you can take this opportunity to reflect on the meaningful work that Tribute to Liberty has undertaken so far.

Thank you for your efforts in shining a light on these dark periods of history that have affected so many.

Sincerely,

The Honourable Jason Kenney, P.C., M.P.
Minister of Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism

eesti.ca

Posted in Canada, China, Communist Party, Crime against humanity, Genocide, history, Human Rights, Law, News, People, Politics, World | 1 Comment »

Rulers of China, Chinese in New York, and the NY Times

Posted by Author on November 28, 2008


Lev Navrozov, Special to The World Tribune, Wednesday, November 26, 2008 – (excerpt)

Lev Navrozov emigrated from the Soviet Union in 1972. He chaired the “Alternative to the New York Times Committee” in 1980, challenged the editors of the New York Times to a debate (which they declined) and became a columnist for the New York City Tribune. His columns are today read in both English and Russian.

At the last Chinese New Year celebration (February 2008), the “Chinese New Year Splendor” played in New York’s Radio City Music Hall a series of 15 shows, recreating in dances the history of Chinese culture. So far, so good. Many Westerners know that silks or porcelains had appeared in China centuries before they did in Europe.

But there was one scene in this serial of Chinese history that enraged the rulers of China. Before 2000, Falun Gong exercises had been shown, with the China rulers’ blessing, to foreigners (in New York, for example) as part of Chinese culture, just as silks or porcelains— or Chinese cuisine. But after 2000, Falun Gong practitioners in China began to be tortured to death, whereupon their organs were cut out and sold for surgical operations.

But this is also part of the Chinese history (of the last eight years), is this not?

Amerigo Fabre, dean of Pierson College and professor of modern literature at Yale University, described as follows “The Risen Lotus Flower,” one of the two dances in which three Chinese ladies depicted the Falun Gong persecution:

You have three women in prison, and one of them gives her life for the other two. These are great elements of the culture that are certainly conveyed by the show.

The show is spectacular. I mean amazing. They’re doing a great job bringing together the history of Chinese culture. The sound effects, the visual effects, the special effects, the singing—and the dancing are just amazing. (The Epoch Times, “Between Heaven and Earth,” page 5 of 8.)

Needless to say, the rulers of China no doubt regarded the creators of the 15-show serial as also worth the torture to death, for while they did not practice Falun Gong, they presented it in New York as a heroic bit of self-sacrifice in Chinese history. The 15-show serial had a tremendous triumph in all Western cities where it was shown, including New York. By attacking the 15-show serial, the rulers of China only added more fuel to the flames of delight.

Well, the rescue of the China rulers’ prestige came in the form of a New York Times negative review of the 15-show serial.

To understand the New York Times in 2008, let’s compare it with what happened in 1978. The CIA, and U.S. Sovietology in general, had been created by and with the Americans who learned Russian and Russia at American universities. In the 1970s the CIA decided to hold public discussions of their once-secret intelligence reports about Soviet Russia. I went to Washington, D.C., received a pack of such reports, and published a review of them in Commentary magazine of Sept.1978 under the title “What the CIA Knows About Russia.” The article was reprinted or retold in about 500 periodicals all over the West. But the New York Times did not notice it.

The newspaper had been repeating those “news from Russia” at which about 500 Western periodicals were now laughing.

The position of the New York Times with respect to the Chinese natives who created the 15-show series was similar. Besides, Western correspondents in China depend on its rulers, with their secret police and with their population having no more rights than did slaves. So the Western media should not antagonize the rulers of China on whom their correspondents in China depend.

The New York Times wrote that the 15 shows of the Chinese New Year Splendor are “political propaganda.” Plus boring Chinese mishmash—as the New York Times proclaimed in the headline of its review of Feb. 6: “A Glimpse of Chinese Culture That Some Find Hard to Watch.”

The article in The Epoch Times of Feb. 16 was entitled “The New York Times Parrots Communist Party Line.”

As for the totalitarian rulers of China, their survival is more precarious than was that of the Russian Tsars of Herzen’s time. Similarly educated aristocrats, they found a common language. When Alexander II had ascended to the throne in 1858, Herzen wrote a letter to the new tsar: “Your reign begins under an auspicious star. The Russian aristocracy can be revolutionary. It is omnipotent for good or evil.” In 1861, the law abolishing serfdom was signed and published. Well, in Britain, monarchy began to evolve in 1215 (“Magna Carta”) to what is today called constitutionalism and democracy.

The position of the totalitarian rulers of China is much more difficult, and they are inclined to safeguard themselves not by constitutional evolution of their country, but by the conquest of the rest of the world, to convert its population into their serfs/slaves or annihilate it.

The chasm between the totalitarian rulers of China and many, probably, most of 1.1 billion Chinese who have not become rich, was brought into salient relief by the demonstration in New York of the 15-show serial, depicting the history of Chinese culture, including the 2000s.

The World Tribune

Posted in China, Chinese Culture, Culture, history, Media, News, Newspaper, Overseas Chinese, People, Politics, Social, USA, World | 1 Comment »

Unity against communist China’s ‘United Front’ (1) : On history and today

Posted by Author on November 16, 2008


The Taipei Times, Taiwan, Sunday, Nov 16, 2008-

The civil war between the Chinese Nationalist Party (KMT) and the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was filled with bloodshed and brutality. There were two main strategies adopted by former CCP leader Mao Zedong (毛澤東) against the KMT, government officials and the public. The CCP implemented terrifying acts of suppression, torture and slaughter. On the other hand, it employed “united front” tactics, trying to win over KMT members and supporters and sowing division.

In August 1947, Mao promoted land reform in northern Shaanxi Province. In enforcing the reform, people were put in urns filled with salt water and drowned or had boiling oil poured over their heads. Local cadres who were not aggressive enough in dealing with landowners were stoned to death.

Even Mao’s aides considered this tyrannical, but he never changed his approach. His reason was simple: Brutality and violence is the best warning, and whoever refuses to listen or holds a different opinion will receive such punishment.

Mao achieved his purpose in early 1948 when he received reports saying 160 million people in CCP-controlled areas were terrified as a result of brutality. A pro-Communist US correspondent stationed in CCP-controlled areas reported that after people had been killed using brutal measures, peasants became very cooperative when asked by the party to provide labor, grain and money.

Mao also made good use of his “united front” strategies. On April 23, 1949, the CCP went all out to cross the Yangtze River and occupy the former Republic of China capital of Nanjing. The KMT fled with the gold in the national treasury and priceless antiques from the National Palace Museum in Beijing. However, when the KMT also wanted to remove several advanced electrical engineering companies, then-Industry and Mines minister Sun Yueh-chi (孫越崎) intervened and handed over all state-run heavy industry facilities to the CCP.

As a result, the CCP took over more than 1,000 functioning factories and mines and an almost completely intact industrial system. Why did Sun suddenly turn hostile toward the KMT? It later came to light that the CCP had worked on Sun before bringing its “united front” strategy to Nanjing.

The united front strategy included sowing division, bribery, infiltration and defections. Party operatives would first coax their targets, then use profit and benefits as bait. Sun’s conversion was just one example.

The fact that the People’s Liberation Army met with no resistance at the KMT stronghold of Jiangling County in Hubei Province when crossing the Yangtze River, and that Fu Zuoyi (傅作義) surrendered without a fight during a battle on the outskirts of Beijing, were indicative of the success of the “united front” strategy.

The CCP’s two-pronged strategy has remained in place since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China. Domestically, the party implements terrifying oppression while relying on a “united front” approach internationally.

The establishment of diplomatic ties with the US was the ultimate vindication of the “united front” strategy. In March 1972, with Mao’s permission, a Chinese table tennis team went to Japan to participate in the 31st World Table Tennis Championship. World champion Zhuang Zedong (莊則棟) ran into US team member Glenn Cowan on a bus, and a photo of him shaking hands with Cowan made headlines in Japanese newspapers. After being informed of the news, Mao was quoted as saying in Beijing that “Zhuang Zedong not only plays table tennis well, he also promotes diplomacy.”

This paved the way for the US table tennis team’s visit to Beijing, which created a butterfly effect and the establishment of US-China diplomatic ties, reshaping strategic relations in Asia.

The same is true of CCP strategies toward Taiwan. When dictator Chiang Kai-shek (蔣介石) retreated to Taiwan in 1949, Mao requested that Soviet leader Joseph Stalin provide military aircraft and submarines to help invade Taiwan. Harboring misgivings about the US’ response, Stalin was not willing to risk a confrontation and turned down Mao’s request.

After the CCP failed in its artillery war on Kinmen, Mao’s successors pushed for the establishment of diplomatic ties with the US, prompting the CCP to change strategy and adopt the “united front” tactics as its primary method for annexing Taiwan. The cross-strait threat now posed by missiles targeting Taiwan only plays a supporting role. (to be cont’d)

Next>

The Taipei Times

Posted in China, Commentary, Communist Party, history, KMT, News, Official, Opinion, People, Politics, Social, World | Comments Off on Unity against communist China’s ‘United Front’ (1) : On history and today